Immune checkpoint inhibitor treatment and ophthalmologist consultations in patients with malignant melanoma or lung cancer—A nationwide cohort study

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Purpose: To estimate the frequency of first-time ocular events in patients treated with immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICI). Methods: Patients with cancer in 2011–2018 in Denmark were included and followed. The outcomes were first-time ophthalmologist consultation and ocular inflammation. One-year absolute risks of outcomes and hazard ratios were estimated. Results: 112,289 patients with cancer were included, and 2195 were treated with ICI. One year after the first ICI treatment, 6% of the patients with cancer, 5% and 8% of the lung cancer (LC) and malignant cutaneous melanoma (MM) patients, respectively, had a first-time ophthalmologist consultation. The risk of ocular inflammation was 1% (95% confidence interval (CI) 0.4–1.2). Among patients with MM, ICI was associated with ocular inflammation in women (HR 12.6 (95% CI 5.83–27.31) and men (4.87 (95% CI 1.79–13.29)). Comparing patients with and without ICI treatment, the risk of first-time ophthalmologist consultation was increased in patients with LC (HR 1.74 (95% CI 1.29–2.34) and MM (HR 3.21 (95% CI 2.31–4.44). Conclusions: The one-year risks of first-time ophthalmologist consultation and ocular inflammation were 6% and 1%, respectively, in patients treated with ICI. In patients with LC and MM, the risk was increased in patients with ICI compared with patients without ICI.

Original languageEnglish
Article number49
Issue number1
Number of pages13
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2022

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Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.

    Research areas

  • Epidemiology, Immune checkpoint inhibitors, Lung cancer, Malignant melanoma, Ocular inflammation, One-year risk, Uveitis

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