Prognostic Importance of Atrial Fibrillation and Anticoagulation in Alcoholic Versus Dilated Cardiomyopathy

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Short Summary: Alcoholic cardiomyopathy (ACM) is associated with poor outcomes. In this study, we confirmed a high mortality for patients with ACM that was not driven by atrial fibrillation. Oral anticoagulation in ACM was associated with similar stroke and bleeding risks as in dilated cardiomyopathy but was only used in a minority.

Aims Limited data exist to describe the prognostic impact of atrial fibrillation (AF) and oral anticoagulation on patients with alcoholic cardiomyopathy (ACM) compared with dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) and were investigated in this study. Methods Using Danish nationwide registries, a cohort analysis was conducted to assess the prognostic differences for patients with a first diagnosis of ACM versus DCM with and without AF 1994-2018 (followed until end 2019). Our study also assessed differences in mortality following initiation of anticoagulation in both populations. Results Totally, 1237 patients with ACM (33% with AF) and 17,211 individuals with DCM (33% with AF) were included. Those with ACM were more often men (89 versus 71%) and younger than patients with DCM (mean age 56 versus 64 years). Cumulative 5-year mortality was greater among patients with ACM, compared with DCM, regardless of AF (ACM with AF 49% [95% CI: 44-54%], ACM without AF 48% [45-53%], DCM with AF 41% [39-42%], DCM without AF 30% [29-31%], P < 0.0001). The prognosis associated with AF was statistically significantly different in people with ACM and DCM (adjusted hazards ratio 0.85 [95% CI: 0.74-0.98] versus 1.04 [1.00-1.09] in ACM and DCM, P < 0.0001). The mortality associated with oral anticoagulation was similar in ACM and DCM (hazards ratio 0.81 [0.61-1.07] versus 0.87 [0.80-0.94], P = 0.49). Conclusions Patients with ACM had a worse prognosis when compared with patients with DCM, but this did not appear to be driven by AF. Patients with ACM were observed to have similar associated risk benefits of oral anticoagulation as DCM.

Original languageEnglish
JournalAlcohol and Alcoholism
Issue number2
Pages (from-to)159–163
Number of pages5
Publication statusPublished - 2023

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