Return to Work After Refractory Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest in Patients Managed With or Without Extracorporeal Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation: A Nationwide Register-Based Study

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

BACKGROUND: Extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation (ECPR) is increasingly used for refractory out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). However, survivors managed with ECPR are at risk of poor functional status. The purpose of this study was to investigate return to work (RTW) after refractory OHCA.

METHODS AND RESULTS: Of 44 360 patients with OHCA in the period of 2011 to 2020, this nationwide registry-based study included 805 patients with refractory OHCA in the working age (18-65 years) who were employed before OHCA (2% of the total OHCA cohort). Demographics, prehospital characteristics, status at hospital arrival, employment status, and survival were retrieved through the Danish national registries. Sustainable RTW was defined as RTW for ≥6 months without any long sick leave relapses. Median follow-up time was 4.1 years. ECPR and standard advanced cardiovascular life support were applied in 136 and 669 patients, respectively. RTW 1 year after OHCA was similar (39% versus 54%; P=0.2) and sustainable RTW was high in both survivors managed with ECPR and survivors managed with standard advanced cardiovascular life support (83% versus 85%; P>0.9). Younger age and shorter length of hospitalization were associated with RTW in multivariable Cox analysis, whereas ECPR was not.

CONCLUSIONS: In refractory OHCA-patients employed prior to OHCA, approximately 1 out of 2 patients were employed after 1 year with no difference between patients treated with ECPR or standard advanced cardiovascular life support. Younger age and shorter length of hospitalization were associated with RTW while ECPR was not.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere034024
JournalJournal of the American Heart Association
Issue number7
Number of pages11
Publication statusPublished - 2024

    Research areas

  • Humans, Adolescent, Young Adult, Adult, Middle Aged, Aged, Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest/therapy, Return to Work, Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation, Hospitals, Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation/methods, Retrospective Studies

ID: 388538204