Biomarkers for exposure to ambient air pollution--comparison of carcinogen-DNA adduct levels with other exposure markers and markers for oxidative stress

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Standard

Biomarkers for exposure to ambient air pollution--comparison of carcinogen-DNA adduct levels with other exposure markers and markers for oxidative stress. / Autrup, H; Daneshvar, B; Dragsted, L O; Gamborg, M; Hansen, Å M; Loft, S; Okkels, H; Nielsen, F; Nielsen, P S; Raffn, E; Wallin, H; Knudsen, Lisbeth E.

In: Environmental Health Perspectives, Vol. 107, No. 3, 1999, p. 233-8.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Autrup, H, Daneshvar, B, Dragsted, LO, Gamborg, M, Hansen, ÅM, Loft, S, Okkels, H, Nielsen, F, Nielsen, PS, Raffn, E, Wallin, H & Knudsen, LE 1999, 'Biomarkers for exposure to ambient air pollution--comparison of carcinogen-DNA adduct levels with other exposure markers and markers for oxidative stress', Environmental Health Perspectives, vol. 107, no. 3, pp. 233-8.

APA

Autrup, H., Daneshvar, B., Dragsted, L. O., Gamborg, M., Hansen, Å. M., Loft, S., ... Knudsen, L. E. (1999). Biomarkers for exposure to ambient air pollution--comparison of carcinogen-DNA adduct levels with other exposure markers and markers for oxidative stress. Environmental Health Perspectives, 107(3), 233-8.

Vancouver

Autrup H, Daneshvar B, Dragsted LO, Gamborg M, Hansen ÅM, Loft S et al. Biomarkers for exposure to ambient air pollution--comparison of carcinogen-DNA adduct levels with other exposure markers and markers for oxidative stress. Environmental Health Perspectives. 1999;107(3):233-8.

Author

Autrup, H ; Daneshvar, B ; Dragsted, L O ; Gamborg, M ; Hansen, Å M ; Loft, S ; Okkels, H ; Nielsen, F ; Nielsen, P S ; Raffn, E ; Wallin, H ; Knudsen, Lisbeth E. / Biomarkers for exposure to ambient air pollution--comparison of carcinogen-DNA adduct levels with other exposure markers and markers for oxidative stress. In: Environmental Health Perspectives. 1999 ; Vol. 107, No. 3. pp. 233-8.

Bibtex

@article{042bd020171011df8ed1000ea68e967b,
title = "Biomarkers for exposure to ambient air pollution--comparison of carcinogen-DNA adduct levels with other exposure markers and markers for oxidative stress",
abstract = "Human exposure to genotoxic compounds present in ambient air has been studied using selected biomarkers in nonsmoking Danish bus drivers and postal workers. A large interindividual variation in biomarker levels was observed. Significantly higher levels of bulky carcinogen-DNA adducts (75.42 adducts/10(8) nucleotides) and of 2-amino-apidic semialdehyde (AAS) in plasma proteins (56.7 pmol/mg protein) were observed in bus drivers working in the central part of Copenhagen, Denmark. In contrast, significantly higher levels of AAS in hemoglobin (55.8 pmol/mg protein), malondialdehyde in plasma (0. 96 nmol/ml plasma), and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH)-albumin adduct (3.38 fmol/ microg albumin) were observed in the suburban group. The biomarker levels in postal workers were similar to the levels in suburban bus drivers. In the combined group of bus drivers and postal workers, negative correlations were observed between bulky carcinogen-DNA adduct and PAH-albumin levels (p = 0.005), and between DNA adduct and [gamma]-glutamyl semialdehyde (GGS) in hemoglobin (p = 0.11). Highly significant correlations were found between PAH-albumin adducts and AAS in plasma (p = 0.001) and GGS in hemoglobin (p = 0.001). Significant correlations were also observed between urinary 8-oxo-7, 8-dihydro-2'-deoxyguanosine and AAS in plasma (p = 0.001) and PAH-albumin adducts (p = 0.002). The influence of the glutatione S-transferase (GST) M1 deletion on the correlation between the biomarkers was studied in the combined group. A significant negative correlation was only observed between bulky carcinogen-DNA adducts and PAH-albumin adducts (p = 0.02) and between DNA adduct and urinary mutagenic activity (p = 0.02) in the GSTM1 null group, but not in the workers who were homozygotes or heterozygotes for GSTM1. Our results indicate that some of the selected biomarkers can be used to distinguish between high and low exposure to environmental genotoxins.",
author = "H Autrup and B Daneshvar and Dragsted, {L O} and M Gamborg and Hansen, {{\AA} M} and S Loft and H Okkels and F Nielsen and Nielsen, {P S} and E Raffn and H Wallin and Knudsen, {Lisbeth E.}",
note = "Keywords: Adult; Air Pollution; Automobile Driving; Biological Markers; Body Burden; Cross-Sectional Studies; DNA Adducts; Denmark; Environmental Monitoring; Female; Fossil Fuels; Genotype; Humans; Male; Middle Aged; Occupational Health; Oxidative Stress; Postal Service; Reproducibility of Results; Urban Health",
year = "1999",
language = "English",
volume = "107",
pages = "233--8",
journal = "Environmental Health Perspectives",
issn = "0091-6765",
publisher = "National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences",
number = "3",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Biomarkers for exposure to ambient air pollution--comparison of carcinogen-DNA adduct levels with other exposure markers and markers for oxidative stress

AU - Autrup, H

AU - Daneshvar, B

AU - Dragsted, L O

AU - Gamborg, M

AU - Hansen, Å M

AU - Loft, S

AU - Okkels, H

AU - Nielsen, F

AU - Nielsen, P S

AU - Raffn, E

AU - Wallin, H

AU - Knudsen, Lisbeth E.

N1 - Keywords: Adult; Air Pollution; Automobile Driving; Biological Markers; Body Burden; Cross-Sectional Studies; DNA Adducts; Denmark; Environmental Monitoring; Female; Fossil Fuels; Genotype; Humans; Male; Middle Aged; Occupational Health; Oxidative Stress; Postal Service; Reproducibility of Results; Urban Health

PY - 1999

Y1 - 1999

N2 - Human exposure to genotoxic compounds present in ambient air has been studied using selected biomarkers in nonsmoking Danish bus drivers and postal workers. A large interindividual variation in biomarker levels was observed. Significantly higher levels of bulky carcinogen-DNA adducts (75.42 adducts/10(8) nucleotides) and of 2-amino-apidic semialdehyde (AAS) in plasma proteins (56.7 pmol/mg protein) were observed in bus drivers working in the central part of Copenhagen, Denmark. In contrast, significantly higher levels of AAS in hemoglobin (55.8 pmol/mg protein), malondialdehyde in plasma (0. 96 nmol/ml plasma), and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH)-albumin adduct (3.38 fmol/ microg albumin) were observed in the suburban group. The biomarker levels in postal workers were similar to the levels in suburban bus drivers. In the combined group of bus drivers and postal workers, negative correlations were observed between bulky carcinogen-DNA adduct and PAH-albumin levels (p = 0.005), and between DNA adduct and [gamma]-glutamyl semialdehyde (GGS) in hemoglobin (p = 0.11). Highly significant correlations were found between PAH-albumin adducts and AAS in plasma (p = 0.001) and GGS in hemoglobin (p = 0.001). Significant correlations were also observed between urinary 8-oxo-7, 8-dihydro-2'-deoxyguanosine and AAS in plasma (p = 0.001) and PAH-albumin adducts (p = 0.002). The influence of the glutatione S-transferase (GST) M1 deletion on the correlation between the biomarkers was studied in the combined group. A significant negative correlation was only observed between bulky carcinogen-DNA adducts and PAH-albumin adducts (p = 0.02) and between DNA adduct and urinary mutagenic activity (p = 0.02) in the GSTM1 null group, but not in the workers who were homozygotes or heterozygotes for GSTM1. Our results indicate that some of the selected biomarkers can be used to distinguish between high and low exposure to environmental genotoxins.

AB - Human exposure to genotoxic compounds present in ambient air has been studied using selected biomarkers in nonsmoking Danish bus drivers and postal workers. A large interindividual variation in biomarker levels was observed. Significantly higher levels of bulky carcinogen-DNA adducts (75.42 adducts/10(8) nucleotides) and of 2-amino-apidic semialdehyde (AAS) in plasma proteins (56.7 pmol/mg protein) were observed in bus drivers working in the central part of Copenhagen, Denmark. In contrast, significantly higher levels of AAS in hemoglobin (55.8 pmol/mg protein), malondialdehyde in plasma (0. 96 nmol/ml plasma), and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH)-albumin adduct (3.38 fmol/ microg albumin) were observed in the suburban group. The biomarker levels in postal workers were similar to the levels in suburban bus drivers. In the combined group of bus drivers and postal workers, negative correlations were observed between bulky carcinogen-DNA adduct and PAH-albumin levels (p = 0.005), and between DNA adduct and [gamma]-glutamyl semialdehyde (GGS) in hemoglobin (p = 0.11). Highly significant correlations were found between PAH-albumin adducts and AAS in plasma (p = 0.001) and GGS in hemoglobin (p = 0.001). Significant correlations were also observed between urinary 8-oxo-7, 8-dihydro-2'-deoxyguanosine and AAS in plasma (p = 0.001) and PAH-albumin adducts (p = 0.002). The influence of the glutatione S-transferase (GST) M1 deletion on the correlation between the biomarkers was studied in the combined group. A significant negative correlation was only observed between bulky carcinogen-DNA adducts and PAH-albumin adducts (p = 0.02) and between DNA adduct and urinary mutagenic activity (p = 0.02) in the GSTM1 null group, but not in the workers who were homozygotes or heterozygotes for GSTM1. Our results indicate that some of the selected biomarkers can be used to distinguish between high and low exposure to environmental genotoxins.

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 10064554

VL - 107

SP - 233

EP - 238

JO - Environmental Health Perspectives

JF - Environmental Health Perspectives

SN - 0091-6765

IS - 3

ER -

ID: 17556870