Chromosomal aberrations in lymphocytes predict human cancer: a report from the European Study Group on Cytogenetic Biomarkers and Health (ESCH)

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Chromosomal aberrations in lymphocytes predict human cancer: a report from the European Study Group on Cytogenetic Biomarkers and Health (ESCH). / Hagmar, L; Bonassi, S; Strömberg, U; Brøgger, A; Knudsen, Lisbeth E.; Norppa, H; Reuterwall, C.

In: Cancer Research, Vol. 58, No. 18, 1998, p. 4117-21.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Hagmar, L, Bonassi, S, Strömberg, U, Brøgger, A, Knudsen, LE, Norppa, H & Reuterwall, C 1998, 'Chromosomal aberrations in lymphocytes predict human cancer: a report from the European Study Group on Cytogenetic Biomarkers and Health (ESCH)', Cancer Research, vol. 58, no. 18, pp. 4117-21.

APA

Hagmar, L., Bonassi, S., Strömberg, U., Brøgger, A., Knudsen, L. E., Norppa, H., & Reuterwall, C. (1998). Chromosomal aberrations in lymphocytes predict human cancer: a report from the European Study Group on Cytogenetic Biomarkers and Health (ESCH). Cancer Research, 58(18), 4117-21.

Vancouver

Hagmar L, Bonassi S, Strömberg U, Brøgger A, Knudsen LE, Norppa H et al. Chromosomal aberrations in lymphocytes predict human cancer: a report from the European Study Group on Cytogenetic Biomarkers and Health (ESCH). Cancer Research. 1998;58(18):4117-21.

Author

Hagmar, L ; Bonassi, S ; Strömberg, U ; Brøgger, A ; Knudsen, Lisbeth E. ; Norppa, H ; Reuterwall, C. / Chromosomal aberrations in lymphocytes predict human cancer: a report from the European Study Group on Cytogenetic Biomarkers and Health (ESCH). In: Cancer Research. 1998 ; Vol. 58, No. 18. pp. 4117-21.

Bibtex

@article{fa4bd820171911df8ed1000ea68e967b,
title = "Chromosomal aberrations in lymphocytes predict human cancer: a report from the European Study Group on Cytogenetic Biomarkers and Health (ESCH)",
abstract = "Chromosomal aberrations (CAs), sister chromatid exchanges (SCEs), and micronuclei (MN) in peripheral blood lymphocytes have for decades been used as cytogenetic biomarkers to survey genotoxic risks in the work environment. The conceptual basis for this application has been the idea that increased cytogenetic damage reflects an enhanced cancer risk. Nordic and Italian cohorts have been established to evaluate this hypothesis, and analyses presented previously have shown a positive trend between CA frequency and increased cancer risk. We now report on a pooled analysis of updated data for 3541 subjects examined for CAs, 2703 for SCEs, and 1496 for MN. To standardize for interlaboratory variation, the results for the various cytogenetic end points were trichotomized on the basis of the absolute value distribution within each laboratory as {"}low{"} (1-33 percentile), {"}medium{"} (34-66 percentile), or {"}high{"} (67-100 percentile). In the Nordic cohort, there was an elevated standardized incidence ratio (SMR) for all cancer among subjects with high CA frequency [1.53; 95{\%} confidence interval (CI), 1.13-2.05] but not for those with medium or low CA frequency. In the Italian cohort, a SMR in cancer of 2.01 (95{\%} CI, 1.35-2.89) was obtained for those with a high CA frequency level, whereas the SMRs for those with medium or low did not noticeably differ from unity. Cox's proportional hazards models gave no evidence that the effect of CAs on total cancer incidence/mortality was modified by gender, age at test, or time since test. No association was seen between the SCEs or the MN frequencies and subsequent cancer incidence/mortality. The present study further supports our previous observation on the cancer predictivity of the CA biomarker, which seems to be independent of age at test, gender, and time since test. The risk patterns were similar within each national cohort. This result suggests that the frequency of CAs in peripheral blood lymphocytes is a relevant biomarker for cancer risk in humans, reflecting either early biological effects of genotoxic carcinogens or individual cancer susceptibility.",
author = "L Hagmar and S Bonassi and U Str{\"o}mberg and A Br{\o}gger and Knudsen, {Lisbeth E.} and H Norppa and C Reuterwall",
note = "Keywords: Chromosome Aberrations; Cohort Studies; Female; Finland; Follow-Up Studies; Genetic Markers; Humans; Italy; Lymphocytes; Male; Micronucleus Tests; Neoplasms; Predictive Value of Tests; Regression Analysis; Scandinavia; Sister Chromatid Exchange",
year = "1998",
language = "English",
volume = "58",
pages = "4117--21",
journal = "Cancer Research",
issn = "0008-5472",
publisher = "American Association for Cancer Research",
number = "18",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Chromosomal aberrations in lymphocytes predict human cancer: a report from the European Study Group on Cytogenetic Biomarkers and Health (ESCH)

AU - Hagmar, L

AU - Bonassi, S

AU - Strömberg, U

AU - Brøgger, A

AU - Knudsen, Lisbeth E.

AU - Norppa, H

AU - Reuterwall, C

N1 - Keywords: Chromosome Aberrations; Cohort Studies; Female; Finland; Follow-Up Studies; Genetic Markers; Humans; Italy; Lymphocytes; Male; Micronucleus Tests; Neoplasms; Predictive Value of Tests; Regression Analysis; Scandinavia; Sister Chromatid Exchange

PY - 1998

Y1 - 1998

N2 - Chromosomal aberrations (CAs), sister chromatid exchanges (SCEs), and micronuclei (MN) in peripheral blood lymphocytes have for decades been used as cytogenetic biomarkers to survey genotoxic risks in the work environment. The conceptual basis for this application has been the idea that increased cytogenetic damage reflects an enhanced cancer risk. Nordic and Italian cohorts have been established to evaluate this hypothesis, and analyses presented previously have shown a positive trend between CA frequency and increased cancer risk. We now report on a pooled analysis of updated data for 3541 subjects examined for CAs, 2703 for SCEs, and 1496 for MN. To standardize for interlaboratory variation, the results for the various cytogenetic end points were trichotomized on the basis of the absolute value distribution within each laboratory as "low" (1-33 percentile), "medium" (34-66 percentile), or "high" (67-100 percentile). In the Nordic cohort, there was an elevated standardized incidence ratio (SMR) for all cancer among subjects with high CA frequency [1.53; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.13-2.05] but not for those with medium or low CA frequency. In the Italian cohort, a SMR in cancer of 2.01 (95% CI, 1.35-2.89) was obtained for those with a high CA frequency level, whereas the SMRs for those with medium or low did not noticeably differ from unity. Cox's proportional hazards models gave no evidence that the effect of CAs on total cancer incidence/mortality was modified by gender, age at test, or time since test. No association was seen between the SCEs or the MN frequencies and subsequent cancer incidence/mortality. The present study further supports our previous observation on the cancer predictivity of the CA biomarker, which seems to be independent of age at test, gender, and time since test. The risk patterns were similar within each national cohort. This result suggests that the frequency of CAs in peripheral blood lymphocytes is a relevant biomarker for cancer risk in humans, reflecting either early biological effects of genotoxic carcinogens or individual cancer susceptibility.

AB - Chromosomal aberrations (CAs), sister chromatid exchanges (SCEs), and micronuclei (MN) in peripheral blood lymphocytes have for decades been used as cytogenetic biomarkers to survey genotoxic risks in the work environment. The conceptual basis for this application has been the idea that increased cytogenetic damage reflects an enhanced cancer risk. Nordic and Italian cohorts have been established to evaluate this hypothesis, and analyses presented previously have shown a positive trend between CA frequency and increased cancer risk. We now report on a pooled analysis of updated data for 3541 subjects examined for CAs, 2703 for SCEs, and 1496 for MN. To standardize for interlaboratory variation, the results for the various cytogenetic end points were trichotomized on the basis of the absolute value distribution within each laboratory as "low" (1-33 percentile), "medium" (34-66 percentile), or "high" (67-100 percentile). In the Nordic cohort, there was an elevated standardized incidence ratio (SMR) for all cancer among subjects with high CA frequency [1.53; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.13-2.05] but not for those with medium or low CA frequency. In the Italian cohort, a SMR in cancer of 2.01 (95% CI, 1.35-2.89) was obtained for those with a high CA frequency level, whereas the SMRs for those with medium or low did not noticeably differ from unity. Cox's proportional hazards models gave no evidence that the effect of CAs on total cancer incidence/mortality was modified by gender, age at test, or time since test. No association was seen between the SCEs or the MN frequencies and subsequent cancer incidence/mortality. The present study further supports our previous observation on the cancer predictivity of the CA biomarker, which seems to be independent of age at test, gender, and time since test. The risk patterns were similar within each national cohort. This result suggests that the frequency of CAs in peripheral blood lymphocytes is a relevant biomarker for cancer risk in humans, reflecting either early biological effects of genotoxic carcinogens or individual cancer susceptibility.

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 9751622

VL - 58

SP - 4117

EP - 4121

JO - Cancer Research

JF - Cancer Research

SN - 0008-5472

IS - 18

ER -

ID: 17557688