Cognitive behavioral psychotherapeutic treatment at a psychiatric trauma clinic for refugees: description and evaluation

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Cæcilie Buhmann, Ida Andersen, Erik Lykke Mortensen, Jasmina Ryberg, Merete Nordentoft, Morten Ekstrøm

INTRODUCTION: Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) with trauma focus is the most evidence supported psychotherapeutic treatment of PTSD, but few CBT treatments for traumatized refugees have been described in detail.

PURPOSE: To describe and evaluate a manualized cognitive behavioral therapy for traumatized refugees incorporating exposure therapy, mindfulness and acceptance and commitment therapy.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: 85 patients received six months' treatment at a Copenhagen Trauma Clinic for Refugees and completed self-ratings before and after treatment. The treatment administered to each patient was monitored in detail. The changes in mental state and the treatment components associated with change in state were analyzed statistically.

RESULTS: Despite the low level of functioning and high co-morbidity of patients, 42% received highly structured CBT, which was positively associated with all treatment outcomes. The more methods used and the more time each method was used, the better the outcome. The majority of patients were able to make homework assignments and this was associated with better treatment outcome. Correlation analysis showed no association between severity of symptoms at baseline and the observed change.

CONCLUSION: The study suggests that CBT treatment incorporating mindfulness and acceptance and commitment therapy is promising for traumatized refugees and punctures the myth that this group of patients are unable to participate fully in structured CBT. However, treatment methods must be adapted to the special needs of refugees and trauma exposure should be further investigated.

Original languageEnglish
JournalTorture (on-line udgave af Torture Journal)
Volume25
Issue number1
Pages (from-to)17-32
Number of pages16
ISSN1997-3322
Publication statusPublished - 2015

    Research areas

  • Adult, Cognition, Cognitive Therapy, Denmark, Ethnic Groups, Female, Follow-Up Studies, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Refugees, Retrospective Studies, Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic, Treatment Outcome, Young Adult

ID: 160479275