Critical discussion of social-cognitive factors in smoking initiation among adolescents

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Standard

Critical discussion of social-cognitive factors in smoking initiation among adolescents. / Bidstrup, Pernille Envold; Tjørnhøj-Thomsen, Tine; Mortensen, Erik Lykke; Vinther-Larsen, Mathilde; Johansen, Christoffer.

In: Acta Oncologica, Vol. 50, No. 1, 01.01.2011, p. 88-98.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Bidstrup, PE, Tjørnhøj-Thomsen, T, Mortensen, EL, Vinther-Larsen, M & Johansen, C 2011, 'Critical discussion of social-cognitive factors in smoking initiation among adolescents', Acta Oncologica, vol. 50, no. 1, pp. 88-98. https://doi.org/10.3109/02841861003801155

APA

Bidstrup, P. E., Tjørnhøj-Thomsen, T., Mortensen, E. L., Vinther-Larsen, M., & Johansen, C. (2011). Critical discussion of social-cognitive factors in smoking initiation among adolescents. Acta Oncologica, 50(1), 88-98. https://doi.org/10.3109/02841861003801155

Vancouver

Bidstrup PE, Tjørnhøj-Thomsen T, Mortensen EL, Vinther-Larsen M, Johansen C. Critical discussion of social-cognitive factors in smoking initiation among adolescents. Acta Oncologica. 2011 Jan 1;50(1):88-98. https://doi.org/10.3109/02841861003801155

Author

Bidstrup, Pernille Envold ; Tjørnhøj-Thomsen, Tine ; Mortensen, Erik Lykke ; Vinther-Larsen, Mathilde ; Johansen, Christoffer. / Critical discussion of social-cognitive factors in smoking initiation among adolescents. In: Acta Oncologica. 2011 ; Vol. 50, No. 1. pp. 88-98.

Bibtex

@article{905a71f17b3445caa07031400431c7dc,
title = "Critical discussion of social-cognitive factors in smoking initiation among adolescents",
abstract = "Social-cognitive models have often been used in research on prevention in adolescent populations, even though the models were designed to describe adult behavior. The aim of the study reported here was to examine critically and constructively the five social-cognitive factors in the 'attitude, social influence, self-efficacy' (ASE) model. Methods. The examination draws on the results of a qualitative follow-up study of smoking initiation based on semi-structured interviews and observations of 12 adolescents in two Danish school classes, grades 7 and 8. The qualitative study was conducted in connection with and sampled from a large quantitative study and the results of both studies are discussed. In the analyses, we explored the ASE constructs according to how they are described in the ASE theory. Furthermore, we examined contradictions and aspects which are not explained in the model and if relevant discussed these aspects using other theoretical frameworks. Results. The results showed that aspects other than those in the ASE model are also important. Smoking initiation was often situational and unplanned and was sometimes used in negotiating social relationships and identity. Furthermore, the social-cognitive models are based on the assumption that adolescents talk about smoking norms and have a high degree of individual reflexivity, which is not always characteristic of adolescent behavior. Conclusion. Applying theoretical models in health research should be a continuous process of both applying the model and discussing the theoretical assumptions of the model when applied to a specific sample. The results of the qualitative study provide some support for use of the ASE model, but the results also suggest that further studies are needed to explore how social-cognitive models can be expanded to be more comprehensive behavioral models.",
author = "Bidstrup, {Pernille Envold} and Tine Tj{\o}rnh{\o}j-Thomsen and Mortensen, {Erik Lykke} and Mathilde Vinther-Larsen and Christoffer Johansen",
year = "2011",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.3109/02841861003801155",
language = "English",
volume = "50",
pages = "88--98",
journal = "Acta Oncologica",
issn = "0284-186X",
publisher = "Taylor & Francis",
number = "1",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Critical discussion of social-cognitive factors in smoking initiation among adolescents

AU - Bidstrup, Pernille Envold

AU - Tjørnhøj-Thomsen, Tine

AU - Mortensen, Erik Lykke

AU - Vinther-Larsen, Mathilde

AU - Johansen, Christoffer

PY - 2011/1/1

Y1 - 2011/1/1

N2 - Social-cognitive models have often been used in research on prevention in adolescent populations, even though the models were designed to describe adult behavior. The aim of the study reported here was to examine critically and constructively the five social-cognitive factors in the 'attitude, social influence, self-efficacy' (ASE) model. Methods. The examination draws on the results of a qualitative follow-up study of smoking initiation based on semi-structured interviews and observations of 12 adolescents in two Danish school classes, grades 7 and 8. The qualitative study was conducted in connection with and sampled from a large quantitative study and the results of both studies are discussed. In the analyses, we explored the ASE constructs according to how they are described in the ASE theory. Furthermore, we examined contradictions and aspects which are not explained in the model and if relevant discussed these aspects using other theoretical frameworks. Results. The results showed that aspects other than those in the ASE model are also important. Smoking initiation was often situational and unplanned and was sometimes used in negotiating social relationships and identity. Furthermore, the social-cognitive models are based on the assumption that adolescents talk about smoking norms and have a high degree of individual reflexivity, which is not always characteristic of adolescent behavior. Conclusion. Applying theoretical models in health research should be a continuous process of both applying the model and discussing the theoretical assumptions of the model when applied to a specific sample. The results of the qualitative study provide some support for use of the ASE model, but the results also suggest that further studies are needed to explore how social-cognitive models can be expanded to be more comprehensive behavioral models.

AB - Social-cognitive models have often been used in research on prevention in adolescent populations, even though the models were designed to describe adult behavior. The aim of the study reported here was to examine critically and constructively the five social-cognitive factors in the 'attitude, social influence, self-efficacy' (ASE) model. Methods. The examination draws on the results of a qualitative follow-up study of smoking initiation based on semi-structured interviews and observations of 12 adolescents in two Danish school classes, grades 7 and 8. The qualitative study was conducted in connection with and sampled from a large quantitative study and the results of both studies are discussed. In the analyses, we explored the ASE constructs according to how they are described in the ASE theory. Furthermore, we examined contradictions and aspects which are not explained in the model and if relevant discussed these aspects using other theoretical frameworks. Results. The results showed that aspects other than those in the ASE model are also important. Smoking initiation was often situational and unplanned and was sometimes used in negotiating social relationships and identity. Furthermore, the social-cognitive models are based on the assumption that adolescents talk about smoking norms and have a high degree of individual reflexivity, which is not always characteristic of adolescent behavior. Conclusion. Applying theoretical models in health research should be a continuous process of both applying the model and discussing the theoretical assumptions of the model when applied to a specific sample. The results of the qualitative study provide some support for use of the ASE model, but the results also suggest that further studies are needed to explore how social-cognitive models can be expanded to be more comprehensive behavioral models.

U2 - 10.3109/02841861003801155

DO - 10.3109/02841861003801155

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 21174611

VL - 50

SP - 88

EP - 98

JO - Acta Oncologica

JF - Acta Oncologica

SN - 0284-186X

IS - 1

ER -

ID: 32310193