Dynamic regulation of cerebral DNA repair genes by psychological stress

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Standard

Dynamic regulation of cerebral DNA repair genes by psychological stress. / Forsberg, Kristin; Aalling, Nadia; Wörtwein, Gitta; Loft, Steffen; Møller, Peter; Hau, Jann; Hageman, Ida; Jørgensen, Martin B; Jørgensen, Anders.

In: Mutation Research - Genetic Toxicology and Environmental Mutagenesis, Vol. 778, 15.01.2015, p. 37-43.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Forsberg, K, Aalling, N, Wörtwein, G, Loft, S, Møller, P, Hau, J, Hageman, I, Jørgensen, MB & Jørgensen, A 2015, 'Dynamic regulation of cerebral DNA repair genes by psychological stress', Mutation Research - Genetic Toxicology and Environmental Mutagenesis, vol. 778, pp. 37-43. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mrgentox.2014.12.003

APA

Forsberg, K., Aalling, N., Wörtwein, G., Loft, S., Møller, P., Hau, J., ... Jørgensen, A. (2015). Dynamic regulation of cerebral DNA repair genes by psychological stress. Mutation Research - Genetic Toxicology and Environmental Mutagenesis, 778, 37-43. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mrgentox.2014.12.003

Vancouver

Forsberg K, Aalling N, Wörtwein G, Loft S, Møller P, Hau J et al. Dynamic regulation of cerebral DNA repair genes by psychological stress. Mutation Research - Genetic Toxicology and Environmental Mutagenesis. 2015 Jan 15;778:37-43. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mrgentox.2014.12.003

Author

Forsberg, Kristin ; Aalling, Nadia ; Wörtwein, Gitta ; Loft, Steffen ; Møller, Peter ; Hau, Jann ; Hageman, Ida ; Jørgensen, Martin B ; Jørgensen, Anders. / Dynamic regulation of cerebral DNA repair genes by psychological stress. In: Mutation Research - Genetic Toxicology and Environmental Mutagenesis. 2015 ; Vol. 778. pp. 37-43.

Bibtex

@article{9f51f549b6ba481ea3a12983a7237c53,
title = "Dynamic regulation of cerebral DNA repair genes by psychological stress",
abstract = "Neuronal genotoxic insults from oxidative stress constitute a putative molecular link between stress and depression on the one hand, and cognitive dysfunction and dementia risk on the other. Oxidative modifications to DNA are repaired by specific enzymes; a process that plays a critical role for maintaining genomic integrity. The aim of the present study was to characterize the pattern of cerebral DNA repair enzyme regulation after stress through the quantification of a targeted range of gene products involved in different types of DNA repair. 72 male Sprague-Dawley rats were subjected to either restraint stress (6h/day) or daily handling (controls), and sacrificed after 1, 7 or 21 stress sessions. The mRNA expression of seven genes (Ogg1, Ape1, Ung1, Neil1, Xrcc1, Ercc1, Nudt1) involved in the repair of oxidatively damaged DNA was determined by quantitative real time polymerase chain reaction in the prefrontal cortex (PFC) and hippocampus (HC). DNA repair gene expression in PFC exhibited a general trend towards an induction after acute stress and a decrease after subchronic exposure compared to control animals. After chronic stress, a normalization towards control levels was observed. A similar pattern was seen in HC, but with overall smaller effects and without the induction after acute stress. Nuclear DNA damage from oxidation as measured by the comet assay was unaffected by stress in both regions. We conclude that psychological stress have a dynamic influence on brain DNA repair gene expression; however, since we were unable to identify concurrent changes in DNA damage from oxidation, the down-stream consequences of this regulation, if any, remains unclear.",
author = "Kristin Forsberg and Nadia Aalling and Gitta W{\"o}rtwein and Steffen Loft and Peter M{\o}ller and Jann Hau and Ida Hageman and J{\o}rgensen, {Martin B} and Anders J{\o}rgensen",
note = "Copyright {\circledC} 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.",
year = "2015",
month = "1",
day = "15",
doi = "10.1016/j.mrgentox.2014.12.003",
language = "English",
volume = "778",
pages = "37--43",
journal = "Mutation Research - Genetic Toxicology and Environmental Mutagenesis",
issn = "1383-5718",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Dynamic regulation of cerebral DNA repair genes by psychological stress

AU - Forsberg, Kristin

AU - Aalling, Nadia

AU - Wörtwein, Gitta

AU - Loft, Steffen

AU - Møller, Peter

AU - Hau, Jann

AU - Hageman, Ida

AU - Jørgensen, Martin B

AU - Jørgensen, Anders

N1 - Copyright © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

PY - 2015/1/15

Y1 - 2015/1/15

N2 - Neuronal genotoxic insults from oxidative stress constitute a putative molecular link between stress and depression on the one hand, and cognitive dysfunction and dementia risk on the other. Oxidative modifications to DNA are repaired by specific enzymes; a process that plays a critical role for maintaining genomic integrity. The aim of the present study was to characterize the pattern of cerebral DNA repair enzyme regulation after stress through the quantification of a targeted range of gene products involved in different types of DNA repair. 72 male Sprague-Dawley rats were subjected to either restraint stress (6h/day) or daily handling (controls), and sacrificed after 1, 7 or 21 stress sessions. The mRNA expression of seven genes (Ogg1, Ape1, Ung1, Neil1, Xrcc1, Ercc1, Nudt1) involved in the repair of oxidatively damaged DNA was determined by quantitative real time polymerase chain reaction in the prefrontal cortex (PFC) and hippocampus (HC). DNA repair gene expression in PFC exhibited a general trend towards an induction after acute stress and a decrease after subchronic exposure compared to control animals. After chronic stress, a normalization towards control levels was observed. A similar pattern was seen in HC, but with overall smaller effects and without the induction after acute stress. Nuclear DNA damage from oxidation as measured by the comet assay was unaffected by stress in both regions. We conclude that psychological stress have a dynamic influence on brain DNA repair gene expression; however, since we were unable to identify concurrent changes in DNA damage from oxidation, the down-stream consequences of this regulation, if any, remains unclear.

AB - Neuronal genotoxic insults from oxidative stress constitute a putative molecular link between stress and depression on the one hand, and cognitive dysfunction and dementia risk on the other. Oxidative modifications to DNA are repaired by specific enzymes; a process that plays a critical role for maintaining genomic integrity. The aim of the present study was to characterize the pattern of cerebral DNA repair enzyme regulation after stress through the quantification of a targeted range of gene products involved in different types of DNA repair. 72 male Sprague-Dawley rats were subjected to either restraint stress (6h/day) or daily handling (controls), and sacrificed after 1, 7 or 21 stress sessions. The mRNA expression of seven genes (Ogg1, Ape1, Ung1, Neil1, Xrcc1, Ercc1, Nudt1) involved in the repair of oxidatively damaged DNA was determined by quantitative real time polymerase chain reaction in the prefrontal cortex (PFC) and hippocampus (HC). DNA repair gene expression in PFC exhibited a general trend towards an induction after acute stress and a decrease after subchronic exposure compared to control animals. After chronic stress, a normalization towards control levels was observed. A similar pattern was seen in HC, but with overall smaller effects and without the induction after acute stress. Nuclear DNA damage from oxidation as measured by the comet assay was unaffected by stress in both regions. We conclude that psychological stress have a dynamic influence on brain DNA repair gene expression; however, since we were unable to identify concurrent changes in DNA damage from oxidation, the down-stream consequences of this regulation, if any, remains unclear.

U2 - 10.1016/j.mrgentox.2014.12.003

DO - 10.1016/j.mrgentox.2014.12.003

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 25726146

VL - 778

SP - 37

EP - 43

JO - Mutation Research - Genetic Toxicology and Environmental Mutagenesis

JF - Mutation Research - Genetic Toxicology and Environmental Mutagenesis

SN - 1383-5718

ER -

ID: 132417630