Effort-reward imbalance at work and risk of sleep disturbances. Cross-sectional and prospective results from the Danish Work Environment Cohort Study

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Standard

Effort-reward imbalance at work and risk of sleep disturbances. Cross-sectional and prospective results from the Danish Work Environment Cohort Study. / Rugulies, Reiner; Norborg, Malene; Sørensen, Tilde Sand; Knudsen, Lisbeth E; Burr, Hermann.

In: Journal of Psychosomatic Research, Vol. 66, No. 1, 2009, p. 75-83.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Rugulies, R, Norborg, M, Sørensen, TS, Knudsen, LE & Burr, H 2009, 'Effort-reward imbalance at work and risk of sleep disturbances. Cross-sectional and prospective results from the Danish Work Environment Cohort Study', Journal of Psychosomatic Research, vol. 66, no. 1, pp. 75-83. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpsychores.2008.05.005

APA

Rugulies, R., Norborg, M., Sørensen, T. S., Knudsen, L. E., & Burr, H. (2009). Effort-reward imbalance at work and risk of sleep disturbances. Cross-sectional and prospective results from the Danish Work Environment Cohort Study. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 66(1), 75-83. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpsychores.2008.05.005

Vancouver

Rugulies R, Norborg M, Sørensen TS, Knudsen LE, Burr H. Effort-reward imbalance at work and risk of sleep disturbances. Cross-sectional and prospective results from the Danish Work Environment Cohort Study. Journal of Psychosomatic Research. 2009;66(1):75-83. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpsychores.2008.05.005

Author

Rugulies, Reiner ; Norborg, Malene ; Sørensen, Tilde Sand ; Knudsen, Lisbeth E ; Burr, Hermann. / Effort-reward imbalance at work and risk of sleep disturbances. Cross-sectional and prospective results from the Danish Work Environment Cohort Study. In: Journal of Psychosomatic Research. 2009 ; Vol. 66, No. 1. pp. 75-83.

Bibtex

@article{a7d08e50f9b611ddb219000ea68e967b,
title = "Effort-reward imbalance at work and risk of sleep disturbances. Cross-sectional and prospective results from the Danish Work Environment Cohort Study",
abstract = "OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to analyze if adverse psychosocial working conditions, defined by the model of effort-reward imbalance (ERI), increase the risk of sleep disturbances in the Danish workforce. METHODS: Analyses were conducted both cross-sectionally and prospectively in a representative sample of Danish employees. The cross-sectional sample included 2614 participants (50{\%} women) aged 18-59 years, of whom 263 had sleep disturbances. Of the 2351 participants initially free of sleep disturbances, 304 (12.9{\%}) developed sleep disturbances during the 5-year follow-up. Data were analyzed with gender-stratified, multivariate logistic and linear regression analyses, adjusted for numerous covariates. RESULTS: Cross-sectionally, a 1 S.D. increase in the ERI ratio was associated with sleep disturbances among both men [odds ratio (OR)=1.65, 95{\%} confidence interval (CI)=1.20-2.27] and women (OR=1.82, 95{\%} CI=1.46-2.28). In the prospective analysis, a 1 S.D. increase of the ERI ratio at baseline predicted the onset of sleep disturbances among men (OR=1.39, 95{\%} CI=1.03-1.87) but not among women (OR=0.97, 95{\%} CI=0.76-1.24). CONCLUSION: Among men, ERI is a risk factor for the development of sleep disturbances in the Danish workforce. Among women, an association between ERI and sleep disturbances was restricted to the cross-sectional sample. Improving psychosocial working conditions might reduce the risk of sleep disturbances and subsequently also help to prevent clinical disorders related to sleep disturbances.",
author = "Reiner Rugulies and Malene Norborg and S{\o}rensen, {Tilde Sand} and Knudsen, {Lisbeth E} and Hermann Burr",
year = "2009",
doi = "10.1016/j.jpsychores.2008.05.005",
language = "English",
volume = "66",
pages = "75--83",
journal = "Journal of Psychosomatic Research",
issn = "0022-3999",
publisher = "Elsevier",
number = "1",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Effort-reward imbalance at work and risk of sleep disturbances. Cross-sectional and prospective results from the Danish Work Environment Cohort Study

AU - Rugulies, Reiner

AU - Norborg, Malene

AU - Sørensen, Tilde Sand

AU - Knudsen, Lisbeth E

AU - Burr, Hermann

PY - 2009

Y1 - 2009

N2 - OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to analyze if adverse psychosocial working conditions, defined by the model of effort-reward imbalance (ERI), increase the risk of sleep disturbances in the Danish workforce. METHODS: Analyses were conducted both cross-sectionally and prospectively in a representative sample of Danish employees. The cross-sectional sample included 2614 participants (50% women) aged 18-59 years, of whom 263 had sleep disturbances. Of the 2351 participants initially free of sleep disturbances, 304 (12.9%) developed sleep disturbances during the 5-year follow-up. Data were analyzed with gender-stratified, multivariate logistic and linear regression analyses, adjusted for numerous covariates. RESULTS: Cross-sectionally, a 1 S.D. increase in the ERI ratio was associated with sleep disturbances among both men [odds ratio (OR)=1.65, 95% confidence interval (CI)=1.20-2.27] and women (OR=1.82, 95% CI=1.46-2.28). In the prospective analysis, a 1 S.D. increase of the ERI ratio at baseline predicted the onset of sleep disturbances among men (OR=1.39, 95% CI=1.03-1.87) but not among women (OR=0.97, 95% CI=0.76-1.24). CONCLUSION: Among men, ERI is a risk factor for the development of sleep disturbances in the Danish workforce. Among women, an association between ERI and sleep disturbances was restricted to the cross-sectional sample. Improving psychosocial working conditions might reduce the risk of sleep disturbances and subsequently also help to prevent clinical disorders related to sleep disturbances.

AB - OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to analyze if adverse psychosocial working conditions, defined by the model of effort-reward imbalance (ERI), increase the risk of sleep disturbances in the Danish workforce. METHODS: Analyses were conducted both cross-sectionally and prospectively in a representative sample of Danish employees. The cross-sectional sample included 2614 participants (50% women) aged 18-59 years, of whom 263 had sleep disturbances. Of the 2351 participants initially free of sleep disturbances, 304 (12.9%) developed sleep disturbances during the 5-year follow-up. Data were analyzed with gender-stratified, multivariate logistic and linear regression analyses, adjusted for numerous covariates. RESULTS: Cross-sectionally, a 1 S.D. increase in the ERI ratio was associated with sleep disturbances among both men [odds ratio (OR)=1.65, 95% confidence interval (CI)=1.20-2.27] and women (OR=1.82, 95% CI=1.46-2.28). In the prospective analysis, a 1 S.D. increase of the ERI ratio at baseline predicted the onset of sleep disturbances among men (OR=1.39, 95% CI=1.03-1.87) but not among women (OR=0.97, 95% CI=0.76-1.24). CONCLUSION: Among men, ERI is a risk factor for the development of sleep disturbances in the Danish workforce. Among women, an association between ERI and sleep disturbances was restricted to the cross-sectional sample. Improving psychosocial working conditions might reduce the risk of sleep disturbances and subsequently also help to prevent clinical disorders related to sleep disturbances.

U2 - 10.1016/j.jpsychores.2008.05.005

DO - 10.1016/j.jpsychores.2008.05.005

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 19073297

VL - 66

SP - 75

EP - 83

JO - Journal of Psychosomatic Research

JF - Journal of Psychosomatic Research

SN - 0022-3999

IS - 1

ER -

ID: 10512188