Hormonal changes during GnRH analogue therapy in children with central precocious puberty
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Gonadotropin releasing hormone analogues (GnRHa) have been used for treatment of central precocious puberty (CPP) for more than 15 years. They are generally considered safe although data on potential long-term side effects are scarce. However, GnRHa therapy has profound effects on both the hypothalamopituitary-gonadal axis as well as on growth hormone (GH) secretion. Gonadal activity is increased in children with CPP; during GnRHa therapy secretion of gonadal hormones is suppressed as reflected by measurements of LH, FSH, and estradiol/testosterone. More recently, studies of levels of inhibin A and B as well as markers of androgen action such as SHBG and prostate specific antigen have demonstrated marked suppression of gonadal function possibly to infra-physiological levels. The possible long-term consequences of these observations have yet to be determined. Detailed analyses of the GH-IGF-I axis have revealed a decrease in levels of free, biologically active IGF-I during GnRHa treatment. These findings are in accord with the observed decrease in height velocity in children with CPP under treatment with GnRHa, and may also play a role in the relatively small gain in final height in most patients.
|Journal||Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology and Metabolism|
|Volume||13 Suppl 1|
|Number of pages||8|
|Publication status||Published - 2000|