Increased risk of stroke in hypertensive women using hormone therapy: analyses based on the Danish Nurse Study

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Increased risk of stroke in hypertensive women using hormone therapy: analyses based on the Danish Nurse Study. / Løkkegaard, Ellen; Jovanovic, Zorana; Heitmann, Berit L; Keiding, Niels; Ottesen, Bent; Hundrup, Yrsa Andersen; Obel, Erik B; Pedersen, Annette Tønnes.

In: Archives of Neurology, Vol. 60, No. 10, 2003, p. 1379-84.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Løkkegaard, E, Jovanovic, Z, Heitmann, BL, Keiding, N, Ottesen, B, Hundrup, YA, Obel, EB & Pedersen, AT 2003, 'Increased risk of stroke in hypertensive women using hormone therapy: analyses based on the Danish Nurse Study', Archives of Neurology, vol. 60, no. 10, pp. 1379-84. https://doi.org/10.1001/archneur.60.10.1379

APA

Løkkegaard, E., Jovanovic, Z., Heitmann, B. L., Keiding, N., Ottesen, B., Hundrup, Y. A., ... Pedersen, A. T. (2003). Increased risk of stroke in hypertensive women using hormone therapy: analyses based on the Danish Nurse Study. Archives of Neurology, 60(10), 1379-84. https://doi.org/10.1001/archneur.60.10.1379

Vancouver

Løkkegaard E, Jovanovic Z, Heitmann BL, Keiding N, Ottesen B, Hundrup YA et al. Increased risk of stroke in hypertensive women using hormone therapy: analyses based on the Danish Nurse Study. Archives of Neurology. 2003;60(10):1379-84. https://doi.org/10.1001/archneur.60.10.1379

Author

Løkkegaard, Ellen ; Jovanovic, Zorana ; Heitmann, Berit L ; Keiding, Niels ; Ottesen, Bent ; Hundrup, Yrsa Andersen ; Obel, Erik B ; Pedersen, Annette Tønnes. / Increased risk of stroke in hypertensive women using hormone therapy: analyses based on the Danish Nurse Study. In: Archives of Neurology. 2003 ; Vol. 60, No. 10. pp. 1379-84.

Bibtex

@article{aa20a8b09e2111debc73000ea68e967b,
title = "Increased risk of stroke in hypertensive women using hormone therapy: analyses based on the Danish Nurse Study",
abstract = "BACKGROUND: Recent randomized clinical trials suggest an increased risk of stroke with hormone therapy (HT), whereas observational studies have suggested mixed results. Differences in design, definitions of HT exposure, and stroke outcome may explain these discrepancies. Little attention has been paid to identifying subgroups of women who are particularly sensitive to HT. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the risk of various stroke outcomes among women using HT based primarily on estradiol-17beta (unopposed or combined with norethisterone acetate) and to assess the potential modifying effect by presence of risk factors for stroke. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: In 1993, the Danish Nurse Study was established, and questionnaires on lifestyle and HT use were sent to all Danish nurses older than 44 years, of whom 19,898 (85.8{\%}) replied. PARTICIPANTS: Postmenopausal women (n = 13,122) free of previous major cardiovascular and cerebrovascular disease and cancer. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Ischemic or hemorrhagic stroke (n = 144) identified in the national registries of hospital discharges and cause of deaths in the total follow-up through December 31, 1998. RESULTS: In 1993, 28.0{\%} of the 13 122 were current HT users, 14.3{\%} were past users, and 57.7{\%} were never users. Overall, HT exposure was not consistently associated with stroke. However, subdivision based on the presence of hypertension showed a significantly increased risk of stroke among hypertensive women. Compared with hypertensive never HT users, an increased risk of total stroke was found with current use (hazard ratio, 2.35; 95{\%} confidence interval, 1.16-4.74) and especially with current use of estrogen-progestin (hazard ratio, 3.00; 95{\%} confidence interval, 1.33-6.76). Normotensive women had no increased risk of stroke with HT. CONCLUSIONS: We found an increased risk of stroke among hypertensive but not normotensive women using HT. The present study suggests that HT should be avoided in hypertensive women.",
author = "Ellen L{\o}kkegaard and Zorana Jovanovic and Heitmann, {Berit L} and Niels Keiding and Bent Ottesen and Hundrup, {Yrsa Andersen} and Obel, {Erik B} and Pedersen, {Annette T{\o}nnes}",
note = "Keywords: Adult; Aged; Aged, 80 and over; Cause of Death; Data Collection; Denmark; Endpoint Determination; Estradiol; Estrogen Replacement Therapy; Female; Humans; Hypertension; Life Style; Middle Aged; Nurses; Prospective Studies; Questionnaires; Registries; Risk Assessment; Stroke; Treatment Outcome",
year = "2003",
doi = "10.1001/archneur.60.10.1379",
language = "English",
volume = "60",
pages = "1379--84",
journal = "Archives of Neurology",
issn = "0003-9942",
publisher = "The JAMA Network",
number = "10",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Increased risk of stroke in hypertensive women using hormone therapy: analyses based on the Danish Nurse Study

AU - Løkkegaard, Ellen

AU - Jovanovic, Zorana

AU - Heitmann, Berit L

AU - Keiding, Niels

AU - Ottesen, Bent

AU - Hundrup, Yrsa Andersen

AU - Obel, Erik B

AU - Pedersen, Annette Tønnes

N1 - Keywords: Adult; Aged; Aged, 80 and over; Cause of Death; Data Collection; Denmark; Endpoint Determination; Estradiol; Estrogen Replacement Therapy; Female; Humans; Hypertension; Life Style; Middle Aged; Nurses; Prospective Studies; Questionnaires; Registries; Risk Assessment; Stroke; Treatment Outcome

PY - 2003

Y1 - 2003

N2 - BACKGROUND: Recent randomized clinical trials suggest an increased risk of stroke with hormone therapy (HT), whereas observational studies have suggested mixed results. Differences in design, definitions of HT exposure, and stroke outcome may explain these discrepancies. Little attention has been paid to identifying subgroups of women who are particularly sensitive to HT. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the risk of various stroke outcomes among women using HT based primarily on estradiol-17beta (unopposed or combined with norethisterone acetate) and to assess the potential modifying effect by presence of risk factors for stroke. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: In 1993, the Danish Nurse Study was established, and questionnaires on lifestyle and HT use were sent to all Danish nurses older than 44 years, of whom 19,898 (85.8%) replied. PARTICIPANTS: Postmenopausal women (n = 13,122) free of previous major cardiovascular and cerebrovascular disease and cancer. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Ischemic or hemorrhagic stroke (n = 144) identified in the national registries of hospital discharges and cause of deaths in the total follow-up through December 31, 1998. RESULTS: In 1993, 28.0% of the 13 122 were current HT users, 14.3% were past users, and 57.7% were never users. Overall, HT exposure was not consistently associated with stroke. However, subdivision based on the presence of hypertension showed a significantly increased risk of stroke among hypertensive women. Compared with hypertensive never HT users, an increased risk of total stroke was found with current use (hazard ratio, 2.35; 95% confidence interval, 1.16-4.74) and especially with current use of estrogen-progestin (hazard ratio, 3.00; 95% confidence interval, 1.33-6.76). Normotensive women had no increased risk of stroke with HT. CONCLUSIONS: We found an increased risk of stroke among hypertensive but not normotensive women using HT. The present study suggests that HT should be avoided in hypertensive women.

AB - BACKGROUND: Recent randomized clinical trials suggest an increased risk of stroke with hormone therapy (HT), whereas observational studies have suggested mixed results. Differences in design, definitions of HT exposure, and stroke outcome may explain these discrepancies. Little attention has been paid to identifying subgroups of women who are particularly sensitive to HT. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the risk of various stroke outcomes among women using HT based primarily on estradiol-17beta (unopposed or combined with norethisterone acetate) and to assess the potential modifying effect by presence of risk factors for stroke. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: In 1993, the Danish Nurse Study was established, and questionnaires on lifestyle and HT use were sent to all Danish nurses older than 44 years, of whom 19,898 (85.8%) replied. PARTICIPANTS: Postmenopausal women (n = 13,122) free of previous major cardiovascular and cerebrovascular disease and cancer. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Ischemic or hemorrhagic stroke (n = 144) identified in the national registries of hospital discharges and cause of deaths in the total follow-up through December 31, 1998. RESULTS: In 1993, 28.0% of the 13 122 were current HT users, 14.3% were past users, and 57.7% were never users. Overall, HT exposure was not consistently associated with stroke. However, subdivision based on the presence of hypertension showed a significantly increased risk of stroke among hypertensive women. Compared with hypertensive never HT users, an increased risk of total stroke was found with current use (hazard ratio, 2.35; 95% confidence interval, 1.16-4.74) and especially with current use of estrogen-progestin (hazard ratio, 3.00; 95% confidence interval, 1.33-6.76). Normotensive women had no increased risk of stroke with HT. CONCLUSIONS: We found an increased risk of stroke among hypertensive but not normotensive women using HT. The present study suggests that HT should be avoided in hypertensive women.

U2 - 10.1001/archneur.60.10.1379

DO - 10.1001/archneur.60.10.1379

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 14568807

VL - 60

SP - 1379

EP - 1384

JO - Archives of Neurology

JF - Archives of Neurology

SN - 0003-9942

IS - 10

ER -

ID: 14336162