Long-Term Follow-Up of Individuals Undergoing Sex-Reassignment Surgery: Somatic Morbidity and Cause of Death

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Standard

Long-Term Follow-Up of Individuals Undergoing Sex-Reassignment Surgery : Somatic Morbidity and Cause of Death. / Simonsen, Rikke Kildevæld; Hald, Gert Martin; Kristensen, Ellids; Giraldi, Annamaria.

In: Sexual Medicine, Vol. 4, No. 1, 03.2016, p. E60-E68.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Simonsen, RK, Hald, GM, Kristensen, E & Giraldi, A 2016, 'Long-Term Follow-Up of Individuals Undergoing Sex-Reassignment Surgery: Somatic Morbidity and Cause of Death', Sexual Medicine, vol. 4, no. 1, pp. E60-E68. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.esxm.2016.01.001

APA

Simonsen, R. K., Hald, G. M., Kristensen, E., & Giraldi, A. (2016). Long-Term Follow-Up of Individuals Undergoing Sex-Reassignment Surgery: Somatic Morbidity and Cause of Death. Sexual Medicine, 4(1), E60-E68. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.esxm.2016.01.001

Vancouver

Simonsen RK, Hald GM, Kristensen E, Giraldi A. Long-Term Follow-Up of Individuals Undergoing Sex-Reassignment Surgery: Somatic Morbidity and Cause of Death. Sexual Medicine. 2016 Mar;4(1):E60-E68. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.esxm.2016.01.001

Author

Simonsen, Rikke Kildevæld ; Hald, Gert Martin ; Kristensen, Ellids ; Giraldi, Annamaria. / Long-Term Follow-Up of Individuals Undergoing Sex-Reassignment Surgery : Somatic Morbidity and Cause of Death. In: Sexual Medicine. 2016 ; Vol. 4, No. 1. pp. E60-E68.

Bibtex

@article{3a0fec977eed477e9aa67281ea75331a,
title = "Long-Term Follow-Up of Individuals Undergoing Sex-Reassignment Surgery: Somatic Morbidity and Cause of Death",
abstract = "Introduction: Studies of mortality and somatic well-being after sex-reassignment surgery (SRS) of transsexual individuals are equivocal. Accordingly, the present study investigated mortality and somatic morbidity using a sample of transsexual individuals who comprised 98{\%} (n = 104) of all surgically reassigned transsexual individuals in Denmark.Aims: To investigate somatic morbidity before and after SRS and cause of death and its relation to somatic morbidity after SRS in Danish individuals who underwent SRS from 1978 through 2010.Methods: Somatic morbidity and mortality in 104 sex-reassigned individuals were identified retrospectively by data from the Danish National Health Register and the Cause of Death Register.Main Outcome Measures: Somatic morbidity and cause of death.Results: Overall, 19.2{\%} of the sample were registered with somatic morbidity before SRS and 23.1{\%} after SRS (P = not significant). In total, 8.6{\%} had somatic morbidity before and after SRS. The most common diagnostic category was cardiovascular disease, affecting 18 individuals, 9 before and 14 after SRS, and 5 of those 14 who were affected after SRS had cardiovascular disease before and after SRS. Ten individuals died after SRS at an average age of 53.5 ± 7.9 years (male to female) and 53.5 ± 7.3 years (female to male).Conclusion: Of 98{\%} of all Danish transsexuals who officially underwent SRS from 1978 through 2010, one in three had somatic morbidity and approximately 1 in 10 had died. No significant differences in somatic morbidity or mortality were found between male-to-female and female-to-male individuals. Despite the young average age at death and the relatively larger number of individuals with somatic morbidity, the present study design does not allow for determination of casual relations between, for example, specific types of hormonal or surgical treatment received and somatic morbidity and mortality.",
keywords = "Follow-Up, Gender Identity Disorder, Somatic Morbidity, Sex-Reassignment Surgery, Transsexualism",
author = "Simonsen, {Rikke Kildev{\ae}ld} and Hald, {Gert Martin} and Ellids Kristensen and Annamaria Giraldi",
year = "2016",
month = "3",
doi = "10.1016/j.esxm.2016.01.001",
language = "English",
volume = "4",
pages = "E60--E68",
journal = "Sexual Medicine",
issn = "2050-1161",
publisher = "Elsevier",
number = "1",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Long-Term Follow-Up of Individuals Undergoing Sex-Reassignment Surgery

T2 - Somatic Morbidity and Cause of Death

AU - Simonsen, Rikke Kildevæld

AU - Hald, Gert Martin

AU - Kristensen, Ellids

AU - Giraldi, Annamaria

PY - 2016/3

Y1 - 2016/3

N2 - Introduction: Studies of mortality and somatic well-being after sex-reassignment surgery (SRS) of transsexual individuals are equivocal. Accordingly, the present study investigated mortality and somatic morbidity using a sample of transsexual individuals who comprised 98% (n = 104) of all surgically reassigned transsexual individuals in Denmark.Aims: To investigate somatic morbidity before and after SRS and cause of death and its relation to somatic morbidity after SRS in Danish individuals who underwent SRS from 1978 through 2010.Methods: Somatic morbidity and mortality in 104 sex-reassigned individuals were identified retrospectively by data from the Danish National Health Register and the Cause of Death Register.Main Outcome Measures: Somatic morbidity and cause of death.Results: Overall, 19.2% of the sample were registered with somatic morbidity before SRS and 23.1% after SRS (P = not significant). In total, 8.6% had somatic morbidity before and after SRS. The most common diagnostic category was cardiovascular disease, affecting 18 individuals, 9 before and 14 after SRS, and 5 of those 14 who were affected after SRS had cardiovascular disease before and after SRS. Ten individuals died after SRS at an average age of 53.5 ± 7.9 years (male to female) and 53.5 ± 7.3 years (female to male).Conclusion: Of 98% of all Danish transsexuals who officially underwent SRS from 1978 through 2010, one in three had somatic morbidity and approximately 1 in 10 had died. No significant differences in somatic morbidity or mortality were found between male-to-female and female-to-male individuals. Despite the young average age at death and the relatively larger number of individuals with somatic morbidity, the present study design does not allow for determination of casual relations between, for example, specific types of hormonal or surgical treatment received and somatic morbidity and mortality.

AB - Introduction: Studies of mortality and somatic well-being after sex-reassignment surgery (SRS) of transsexual individuals are equivocal. Accordingly, the present study investigated mortality and somatic morbidity using a sample of transsexual individuals who comprised 98% (n = 104) of all surgically reassigned transsexual individuals in Denmark.Aims: To investigate somatic morbidity before and after SRS and cause of death and its relation to somatic morbidity after SRS in Danish individuals who underwent SRS from 1978 through 2010.Methods: Somatic morbidity and mortality in 104 sex-reassigned individuals were identified retrospectively by data from the Danish National Health Register and the Cause of Death Register.Main Outcome Measures: Somatic morbidity and cause of death.Results: Overall, 19.2% of the sample were registered with somatic morbidity before SRS and 23.1% after SRS (P = not significant). In total, 8.6% had somatic morbidity before and after SRS. The most common diagnostic category was cardiovascular disease, affecting 18 individuals, 9 before and 14 after SRS, and 5 of those 14 who were affected after SRS had cardiovascular disease before and after SRS. Ten individuals died after SRS at an average age of 53.5 ± 7.9 years (male to female) and 53.5 ± 7.3 years (female to male).Conclusion: Of 98% of all Danish transsexuals who officially underwent SRS from 1978 through 2010, one in three had somatic morbidity and approximately 1 in 10 had died. No significant differences in somatic morbidity or mortality were found between male-to-female and female-to-male individuals. Despite the young average age at death and the relatively larger number of individuals with somatic morbidity, the present study design does not allow for determination of casual relations between, for example, specific types of hormonal or surgical treatment received and somatic morbidity and mortality.

KW - Follow-Up

KW - Gender Identity Disorder

KW - Somatic Morbidity

KW - Sex-Reassignment Surgery

KW - Transsexualism

U2 - 10.1016/j.esxm.2016.01.001

DO - 10.1016/j.esxm.2016.01.001

M3 - Journal article

VL - 4

SP - E60-E68

JO - Sexual Medicine

JF - Sexual Medicine

SN - 2050-1161

IS - 1

ER -

ID: 166941088