Major life events and risk of alcohol use disorders: a prospective cohort study

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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Major life events and risk of alcohol use disorders : a prospective cohort study. / Just-Østergaard, Emilie; Mortensen, Erik L.; Flensborg-Madsen, Trine.

In: Addiction, Vol. 113, No. 1, 2018, p. 25-33.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Just-Østergaard, E, Mortensen, EL & Flensborg-Madsen, T 2018, 'Major life events and risk of alcohol use disorders: a prospective cohort study', Addiction, vol. 113, no. 1, pp. 25-33. https://doi.org/10.1111/add.13947

APA

Just-Østergaard, E., Mortensen, E. L., & Flensborg-Madsen, T. (2018). Major life events and risk of alcohol use disorders: a prospective cohort study. Addiction, 113(1), 25-33. https://doi.org/10.1111/add.13947

Vancouver

Just-Østergaard E, Mortensen EL, Flensborg-Madsen T. Major life events and risk of alcohol use disorders: a prospective cohort study. Addiction. 2018;113(1):25-33. https://doi.org/10.1111/add.13947

Author

Just-Østergaard, Emilie ; Mortensen, Erik L. ; Flensborg-Madsen, Trine. / Major life events and risk of alcohol use disorders : a prospective cohort study. In: Addiction. 2018 ; Vol. 113, No. 1. pp. 25-33.

Bibtex

@article{f50f2a93c785432fb5408ba4a199b6e3,
title = "Major life events and risk of alcohol use disorders: a prospective cohort study",
abstract = "Aims:To estimate associations of individual major life events as well as accumulated major life events in childhood, adult private life and adult work life with risk of alcohol use disorders (AUD).Design: Prospective cohort study with baseline examination in 1991–93 and linkage to national registers to identify AUD at follow-up.Setting: Copenhagen, Denmark.Participants: Individuals (aged 21–93 years) who participated in the Copenhagen City Heart Study in 1991–93 (n = 8758).Measurements: The primary outcome was first registration with AUD during follow-up (n = 249). AUD was identified in the Danish National Patient Register, in the Danish Psychiatric Central Register and in an outpatient treatment register. Major life events were assessed by a questionnaire in the Copenhagen City Heart study. Data were analysed by Cox proportional hazards models adjusted for age, sex, educational level, household income, cohabitation status and psychiatric comorbidity.Findings: Serious family conflicts in childhood [hazard ratio (HR) = 1.35; 95{\%} confidence interval (CI) = 1.00, 1.83] and serious economic problems in adult life (HR = 2.22; 95{\%} CI = 1.64, 3.01) were associated significantly with increased risk of AUD. Prospective analyses did not show consistent effects of accumulation of major life events in childhood or adult life, but an additional analysis based on all AUD registrations suggested an association between accumulated childhood events and risk of AUD.Conclusions: Serious economic problems in adult life are associated strongly with risk of alcohol use disorders, and there may be an influence of accumulated childhood events on risk of alcohol use disorders.",
keywords = "Alcohol, alcohol use disorders, life change events, prospective studies, psychosocial stressors, stress",
author = "Emilie Just-{\O}stergaard and Mortensen, {Erik L.} and Trine Flensborg-Madsen",
year = "2018",
doi = "10.1111/add.13947",
language = "English",
volume = "113",
pages = "25--33",
journal = "Addiction",
issn = "0965-2140",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "1",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Major life events and risk of alcohol use disorders

T2 - a prospective cohort study

AU - Just-Østergaard, Emilie

AU - Mortensen, Erik L.

AU - Flensborg-Madsen, Trine

PY - 2018

Y1 - 2018

N2 - Aims:To estimate associations of individual major life events as well as accumulated major life events in childhood, adult private life and adult work life with risk of alcohol use disorders (AUD).Design: Prospective cohort study with baseline examination in 1991–93 and linkage to national registers to identify AUD at follow-up.Setting: Copenhagen, Denmark.Participants: Individuals (aged 21–93 years) who participated in the Copenhagen City Heart Study in 1991–93 (n = 8758).Measurements: The primary outcome was first registration with AUD during follow-up (n = 249). AUD was identified in the Danish National Patient Register, in the Danish Psychiatric Central Register and in an outpatient treatment register. Major life events were assessed by a questionnaire in the Copenhagen City Heart study. Data were analysed by Cox proportional hazards models adjusted for age, sex, educational level, household income, cohabitation status and psychiatric comorbidity.Findings: Serious family conflicts in childhood [hazard ratio (HR) = 1.35; 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.00, 1.83] and serious economic problems in adult life (HR = 2.22; 95% CI = 1.64, 3.01) were associated significantly with increased risk of AUD. Prospective analyses did not show consistent effects of accumulation of major life events in childhood or adult life, but an additional analysis based on all AUD registrations suggested an association between accumulated childhood events and risk of AUD.Conclusions: Serious economic problems in adult life are associated strongly with risk of alcohol use disorders, and there may be an influence of accumulated childhood events on risk of alcohol use disorders.

AB - Aims:To estimate associations of individual major life events as well as accumulated major life events in childhood, adult private life and adult work life with risk of alcohol use disorders (AUD).Design: Prospective cohort study with baseline examination in 1991–93 and linkage to national registers to identify AUD at follow-up.Setting: Copenhagen, Denmark.Participants: Individuals (aged 21–93 years) who participated in the Copenhagen City Heart Study in 1991–93 (n = 8758).Measurements: The primary outcome was first registration with AUD during follow-up (n = 249). AUD was identified in the Danish National Patient Register, in the Danish Psychiatric Central Register and in an outpatient treatment register. Major life events were assessed by a questionnaire in the Copenhagen City Heart study. Data were analysed by Cox proportional hazards models adjusted for age, sex, educational level, household income, cohabitation status and psychiatric comorbidity.Findings: Serious family conflicts in childhood [hazard ratio (HR) = 1.35; 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.00, 1.83] and serious economic problems in adult life (HR = 2.22; 95% CI = 1.64, 3.01) were associated significantly with increased risk of AUD. Prospective analyses did not show consistent effects of accumulation of major life events in childhood or adult life, but an additional analysis based on all AUD registrations suggested an association between accumulated childhood events and risk of AUD.Conclusions: Serious economic problems in adult life are associated strongly with risk of alcohol use disorders, and there may be an influence of accumulated childhood events on risk of alcohol use disorders.

KW - Alcohol

KW - alcohol use disorders

KW - life change events

KW - prospective studies

KW - psychosocial stressors

KW - stress

U2 - 10.1111/add.13947

DO - 10.1111/add.13947

M3 - Journal article

VL - 113

SP - 25

EP - 33

JO - Addiction

JF - Addiction

SN - 0965-2140

IS - 1

ER -

ID: 189357533