Metabolism of phthalates in humans

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Metabolism of phthalates in humans. / Frederiksen, Hanne; Skakkebaek, Niels E; Andersson, Anna-Maria.

In: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research, Vol. 51, No. 7, 01.07.2007, p. 899-911.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearch

Harvard

Frederiksen, H, Skakkebaek, NE & Andersson, A-M 2007, 'Metabolism of phthalates in humans', Molecular Nutrition & Food Research, vol. 51, no. 7, pp. 899-911. https://doi.org/10.1002/mnfr.200600243

APA

Frederiksen, H., Skakkebaek, N. E., & Andersson, A-M. (2007). Metabolism of phthalates in humans. Molecular Nutrition & Food Research, 51(7), 899-911. https://doi.org/10.1002/mnfr.200600243

Vancouver

Frederiksen H, Skakkebaek NE, Andersson A-M. Metabolism of phthalates in humans. Molecular Nutrition & Food Research. 2007 Jul 1;51(7):899-911. https://doi.org/10.1002/mnfr.200600243

Author

Frederiksen, Hanne ; Skakkebaek, Niels E ; Andersson, Anna-Maria. / Metabolism of phthalates in humans. In: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research. 2007 ; Vol. 51, No. 7. pp. 899-911.

Bibtex

@article{64c98527fa4c46ab9d1d0e05d7fcf4e4,
title = "Metabolism of phthalates in humans",
abstract = "Phthalates are synthetic compounds widely used as plasticisers, solvents and additives in many consumer products. Several animal studies have shown that some phthalates possess endocrine disrupting effects. Some of the effects of phthalates seen in rats are due to testosterone lowering effects on the foetal testis and they are similar to those seen in humans with testicular dysgenesis syndrome. Therefore, exposure of the human foetus and infants to phthalates via maternal exposure is a matter of concern. The metabolic pathways of phthalate metabolites excreted in human urine are partly known for some phthalates, but our knowledge about metabolic distribution in the body and other biological fluids, including breast milk, is limited. Compared to urine, human breast milk contains relatively more of the hydrophobic phthalates, such as di-n-butyl phthalate and the longer-branched, di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) and di-iso-nonyl phthalate (DiNP); and their monoester metabolites. Urine, however, contains relatively more of the secondary metabolites of DEHP and DiNP, as well as the monoester phthalates of the more short-branched phthalates. This differential distribution is of special concern as, in particular, the hydrophobic phthalates and their metabolites are shown to have adverse effects following in utero and lactational exposures in animal studies.",
author = "Hanne Frederiksen and Skakkebaek, {Niels E} and Anna-Maria Andersson",
year = "2007",
month = "7",
day = "1",
doi = "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/mnfr.200600243",
language = "English",
volume = "51",
pages = "899--911",
journal = "Molecular Nutrition & Food Research",
issn = "1613-4125",
publisher = "Wiley-VCH",
number = "7",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Metabolism of phthalates in humans

AU - Frederiksen, Hanne

AU - Skakkebaek, Niels E

AU - Andersson, Anna-Maria

PY - 2007/7/1

Y1 - 2007/7/1

N2 - Phthalates are synthetic compounds widely used as plasticisers, solvents and additives in many consumer products. Several animal studies have shown that some phthalates possess endocrine disrupting effects. Some of the effects of phthalates seen in rats are due to testosterone lowering effects on the foetal testis and they are similar to those seen in humans with testicular dysgenesis syndrome. Therefore, exposure of the human foetus and infants to phthalates via maternal exposure is a matter of concern. The metabolic pathways of phthalate metabolites excreted in human urine are partly known for some phthalates, but our knowledge about metabolic distribution in the body and other biological fluids, including breast milk, is limited. Compared to urine, human breast milk contains relatively more of the hydrophobic phthalates, such as di-n-butyl phthalate and the longer-branched, di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) and di-iso-nonyl phthalate (DiNP); and their monoester metabolites. Urine, however, contains relatively more of the secondary metabolites of DEHP and DiNP, as well as the monoester phthalates of the more short-branched phthalates. This differential distribution is of special concern as, in particular, the hydrophobic phthalates and their metabolites are shown to have adverse effects following in utero and lactational exposures in animal studies.

AB - Phthalates are synthetic compounds widely used as plasticisers, solvents and additives in many consumer products. Several animal studies have shown that some phthalates possess endocrine disrupting effects. Some of the effects of phthalates seen in rats are due to testosterone lowering effects on the foetal testis and they are similar to those seen in humans with testicular dysgenesis syndrome. Therefore, exposure of the human foetus and infants to phthalates via maternal exposure is a matter of concern. The metabolic pathways of phthalate metabolites excreted in human urine are partly known for some phthalates, but our knowledge about metabolic distribution in the body and other biological fluids, including breast milk, is limited. Compared to urine, human breast milk contains relatively more of the hydrophobic phthalates, such as di-n-butyl phthalate and the longer-branched, di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) and di-iso-nonyl phthalate (DiNP); and their monoester metabolites. Urine, however, contains relatively more of the secondary metabolites of DEHP and DiNP, as well as the monoester phthalates of the more short-branched phthalates. This differential distribution is of special concern as, in particular, the hydrophobic phthalates and their metabolites are shown to have adverse effects following in utero and lactational exposures in animal studies.

U2 - http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/mnfr.200600243

DO - http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/mnfr.200600243

M3 - Journal article

VL - 51

SP - 899

EP - 911

JO - Molecular Nutrition & Food Research

JF - Molecular Nutrition & Food Research

SN - 1613-4125

IS - 7

ER -

ID: 34143673