Paracetamol-induced spindle disturbances in V79 cells with and without expression of human CYP1A2

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K G Jensen, H E Poulsen, J Doehmer, S Loft

Spindle disturbing effects in terms of c-mitosis and cytotoxicity of paracetamol were investigated in two Chinese hamster V79 cell lines, one of which (V79MZh1A2) was transfected with human CYP1A2. This enzyme catalyses the oxidative formation of the reactive paracetamol metabolite, NAPQI, believed to initiate hepatoxicity by covalent binding to proteins after overdose. In the native V79 cell line paracetamol increased c-mitosis frequency in a concentration dependent manner from 8.7 + or - 3.5% (control) to 66 + or - 18% at 20 mM. A significant increase to 13.3 + or - 3.5% was first seen at 2.5 mM in the native cell line (P<0.05). In the V79MZh1A2 cells the concentration-effect curve was slightly shifted to the left (P<0.05) with c-mitosis frequency increased to 12.1 + or - 2.6% (P<0.05) at 1 mM paracetamol. At 5 mM paracetamol the c-mitosis frequency was 14.4 + or - 5.0% and 19.0 + or - 3.8% in the native and CYP1A2 expressing cell lines, respectively (P<0.05). At 20 mM paracetamol the c-mitosis frequency was 61 + or - 10% in the V79MZh1A2 cells. Cell survival was reduced to approximately 50% at 5-10 mM paracetamol in both cell lines. At 20 mM paracetamol survival was further decreased to 39 + or - 9% in V79MZh1A2 cells only (P<0.05). The present study demonstrated that paracetamol may disturb the spindle of dividing cells conveying a risk of aneuploidy. The spindle disturbing effect was only slightly enhanced by expression of CYP1A2, suggesting that metabolic activation plays only a minor role in this genotoxic effect. The reduction of survival mirrored the increase in c-mitosis frequency.

Original languageEnglish
JournalPharmacology & Toxicology
Volume78
Issue number4
Pages (from-to)224-8
Number of pages5
ISSN0901-9928
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1996

    Research areas

  • Acetaminophen, Analgesics, Non-Narcotic, Animals, Cell Line, Cell Survival, Cricetinae, Cricetulus, Cytochrome P-450 CYP1A2, Humans, Mitosis, Mutagens, Spindle Apparatus

ID: 156510411