Personal PM2.5 exposure and markers of oxidative stress in blood

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Standard

Personal PM2.5 exposure and markers of oxidative stress in blood. / Sørensen, Mette; Daneshvar, Bahram; Hansen, Max; Dragsted, Lars O; Hertel, Ole; Knudsen, Lisbeth E.; Loft, Steffen.

In: Environmental Health Perspectives, Vol. 111, No. 2, 2003, p. 161-6.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Sørensen, M, Daneshvar, B, Hansen, M, Dragsted, LO, Hertel, O, Knudsen, LE & Loft, S 2003, 'Personal PM2.5 exposure and markers of oxidative stress in blood', Environmental Health Perspectives, vol. 111, no. 2, pp. 161-6.

APA

Sørensen, M., Daneshvar, B., Hansen, M., Dragsted, L. O., Hertel, O., Knudsen, L. E., & Loft, S. (2003). Personal PM2.5 exposure and markers of oxidative stress in blood. Environmental Health Perspectives, 111(2), 161-6.

Vancouver

Sørensen M, Daneshvar B, Hansen M, Dragsted LO, Hertel O, Knudsen LE et al. Personal PM2.5 exposure and markers of oxidative stress in blood. Environmental Health Perspectives. 2003;111(2):161-6.

Author

Sørensen, Mette ; Daneshvar, Bahram ; Hansen, Max ; Dragsted, Lars O ; Hertel, Ole ; Knudsen, Lisbeth E. ; Loft, Steffen. / Personal PM2.5 exposure and markers of oxidative stress in blood. In: Environmental Health Perspectives. 2003 ; Vol. 111, No. 2. pp. 161-6.

Bibtex

@article{536d1760a2cc11debc73000ea68e967b,
title = "Personal PM2.5 exposure and markers of oxidative stress in blood",
abstract = "Ambient particulate air pollution assessed as outdoor concentrations of particulate matter less than or equal to 2.5 micro m in diameter (PM(2.5)) in urban background has been associated with cardiovascular diseases at the population level. However, the significance of individual exposure and the involved mechanisms remain uncertain. We measured personal PM(2.5) and carbon black exposure in 50 students four times in 1 year and analyzed blood samples for markers of protein and lipid oxidation, for red blood cell (RBC) and platelet counts, and for concentrations of hemoglobin and fibrinogen. We analyzed protein oxidation in terms of gamma-glutamyl semialdehyde in hemoglobin (HBGGS) and 2-aminoadipic semialdehyde in hemoglobin (HBAAS) and plasma proteins (PLAAS), and lipid peroxidation was measured as malondialdehyde (MDA) in plasma. Median exposures were 16.1 micro g/m(3) for personal PM(2.5) exposure, 9.2 micro g/m(3) for background PM(2.5) concentration, and 8.1 X 10(-6)/m for personal carbon black exposure. Personal carbon black exposure and PLAAS concentration were positively associated (p < 0.01), whereas an association between personal PM(2.5) exposure and PLAAS was only of borderline significance (p = 0.061). A 3.7{\%} increase in MDA concentrations per 10 micro g/m(3) increase in personal PM(2.5) exposure was found for women (p < 0.05), whereas there was no significant relationship for the men. Similarly, positive associations between personal PM(2.5)exposure and both RBC and hemoglobin concentrations were found only in women (p < 0.01). There were no significant relationships between background PM(2.5) concentration and any of the biomarkers. This suggests that exposure to particles in moderate concentrations can induce oxidative stress and increase RBCs in peripheral blood. Personal exposure appears more closely related to these biomarkers potentially related to cardiovascular disease than is ambient PM(2.5) background concentrations.",
author = "Mette S{\o}rensen and Bahram Daneshvar and Max Hansen and Dragsted, {Lars O} and Ole Hertel and Knudsen, {Lisbeth E.} and Steffen Loft",
note = "Keywords: Adult; Air Pollutants; Biological Markers; Blood Proteins; Carbon; Environmental Exposure; Erythrocyte Count; Female; Fibrinogen; Hemoglobins; Humans; Lipid Peroxidation; Male; Oxidative Stress; Particle Size; Platelet Count",
year = "2003",
language = "English",
volume = "111",
pages = "161--6",
journal = "Environmental Health Perspectives",
issn = "0091-6765",
publisher = "National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences",
number = "2",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Personal PM2.5 exposure and markers of oxidative stress in blood

AU - Sørensen, Mette

AU - Daneshvar, Bahram

AU - Hansen, Max

AU - Dragsted, Lars O

AU - Hertel, Ole

AU - Knudsen, Lisbeth E.

AU - Loft, Steffen

N1 - Keywords: Adult; Air Pollutants; Biological Markers; Blood Proteins; Carbon; Environmental Exposure; Erythrocyte Count; Female; Fibrinogen; Hemoglobins; Humans; Lipid Peroxidation; Male; Oxidative Stress; Particle Size; Platelet Count

PY - 2003

Y1 - 2003

N2 - Ambient particulate air pollution assessed as outdoor concentrations of particulate matter less than or equal to 2.5 micro m in diameter (PM(2.5)) in urban background has been associated with cardiovascular diseases at the population level. However, the significance of individual exposure and the involved mechanisms remain uncertain. We measured personal PM(2.5) and carbon black exposure in 50 students four times in 1 year and analyzed blood samples for markers of protein and lipid oxidation, for red blood cell (RBC) and platelet counts, and for concentrations of hemoglobin and fibrinogen. We analyzed protein oxidation in terms of gamma-glutamyl semialdehyde in hemoglobin (HBGGS) and 2-aminoadipic semialdehyde in hemoglobin (HBAAS) and plasma proteins (PLAAS), and lipid peroxidation was measured as malondialdehyde (MDA) in plasma. Median exposures were 16.1 micro g/m(3) for personal PM(2.5) exposure, 9.2 micro g/m(3) for background PM(2.5) concentration, and 8.1 X 10(-6)/m for personal carbon black exposure. Personal carbon black exposure and PLAAS concentration were positively associated (p < 0.01), whereas an association between personal PM(2.5) exposure and PLAAS was only of borderline significance (p = 0.061). A 3.7% increase in MDA concentrations per 10 micro g/m(3) increase in personal PM(2.5) exposure was found for women (p < 0.05), whereas there was no significant relationship for the men. Similarly, positive associations between personal PM(2.5)exposure and both RBC and hemoglobin concentrations were found only in women (p < 0.01). There were no significant relationships between background PM(2.5) concentration and any of the biomarkers. This suggests that exposure to particles in moderate concentrations can induce oxidative stress and increase RBCs in peripheral blood. Personal exposure appears more closely related to these biomarkers potentially related to cardiovascular disease than is ambient PM(2.5) background concentrations.

AB - Ambient particulate air pollution assessed as outdoor concentrations of particulate matter less than or equal to 2.5 micro m in diameter (PM(2.5)) in urban background has been associated with cardiovascular diseases at the population level. However, the significance of individual exposure and the involved mechanisms remain uncertain. We measured personal PM(2.5) and carbon black exposure in 50 students four times in 1 year and analyzed blood samples for markers of protein and lipid oxidation, for red blood cell (RBC) and platelet counts, and for concentrations of hemoglobin and fibrinogen. We analyzed protein oxidation in terms of gamma-glutamyl semialdehyde in hemoglobin (HBGGS) and 2-aminoadipic semialdehyde in hemoglobin (HBAAS) and plasma proteins (PLAAS), and lipid peroxidation was measured as malondialdehyde (MDA) in plasma. Median exposures were 16.1 micro g/m(3) for personal PM(2.5) exposure, 9.2 micro g/m(3) for background PM(2.5) concentration, and 8.1 X 10(-6)/m for personal carbon black exposure. Personal carbon black exposure and PLAAS concentration were positively associated (p < 0.01), whereas an association between personal PM(2.5) exposure and PLAAS was only of borderline significance (p = 0.061). A 3.7% increase in MDA concentrations per 10 micro g/m(3) increase in personal PM(2.5) exposure was found for women (p < 0.05), whereas there was no significant relationship for the men. Similarly, positive associations between personal PM(2.5)exposure and both RBC and hemoglobin concentrations were found only in women (p < 0.01). There were no significant relationships between background PM(2.5) concentration and any of the biomarkers. This suggests that exposure to particles in moderate concentrations can induce oxidative stress and increase RBCs in peripheral blood. Personal exposure appears more closely related to these biomarkers potentially related to cardiovascular disease than is ambient PM(2.5) background concentrations.

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 12573899

VL - 111

SP - 161

EP - 166

JO - Environmental Health Perspectives

JF - Environmental Health Perspectives

SN - 0091-6765

IS - 2

ER -

ID: 14466596