Prevalence and Predictors of Personality Change After Severe Brain Injury

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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Prevalence and Predictors of Personality Change After Severe Brain Injury. / Norup, Anne; Mortensen, Erik Lykke.

In: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Vol. 96, No. 1, 01.2015, p. 56-62.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Norup, A & Mortensen, EL 2015, 'Prevalence and Predictors of Personality Change After Severe Brain Injury', Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, vol. 96, no. 1, pp. 56-62. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2014.08.009

APA

Norup, A., & Mortensen, E. L. (2015). Prevalence and Predictors of Personality Change After Severe Brain Injury. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 96(1), 56-62. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2014.08.009

Vancouver

Norup A, Mortensen EL. Prevalence and Predictors of Personality Change After Severe Brain Injury. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. 2015 Jan;96(1):56-62. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2014.08.009

Author

Norup, Anne ; Mortensen, Erik Lykke. / Prevalence and Predictors of Personality Change After Severe Brain Injury. In: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. 2015 ; Vol. 96, No. 1. pp. 56-62.

Bibtex

@article{f930f33fe9ab44b88c24a07b5a946348,
title = "Prevalence and Predictors of Personality Change After Severe Brain Injury",
abstract = "ObjectivesTo investigate the prevalence of personality change after severe brain injury; to identify predictors of personality change; and to investigate whether personality change is associated with distress in family members.DesignA longitudinal study of personality change.SettingRehabilitation unit.ParticipantsThe study sample was composed of 22 pairs of patients with traumatic brain injury or nontraumatic brain injury (N=22) and their significant others (SOs).InterventionsNot applicable.Main Outcome MeasuresAn SO completed the observer version of the NEO Five Factor Inventory rating the patient at discharge from hospital and 1 year after injury. The SOs were also asked to complete the anxiety and depression scales of the Symptom Checklist-90-Revised, rating their own emotional condition and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) as assessed by the 4 mental scales of the Medical Outcomes Study 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey.ResultsOf the sample, 59.1{\%} experienced personality change after acquired brain injury, and the most dominant changes were observed in the personality traits of neuroticism, extraversion, and conscientiousness. Changes in neuroticism were most often observed in patients with frontal or temporal lesions. Generally, personality changes in patients were not associated with more distress and lower HRQOL in family members; however, change in patient agreeableness was associated with lower HRQOL on the role limitations-emotional scale.ConclusionsPersonality change was observed in most patients with severe brain injury. Change in neuroticism was associated with frontal and temporal lesions. Generally, personality change was not associated with more distress and lower HRQOL in SOs.",
keywords = "Brain injuries, traumatic, Family members, Personality, Prevalence, Rehabilitation",
author = "Anne Norup and Mortensen, {Erik Lykke}",
year = "2015",
month = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.apmr.2014.08.009",
language = "English",
volume = "96",
pages = "56--62",
journal = "Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation",
issn = "0003-9993",
publisher = "W.B.Saunders Co.",
number = "1",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Prevalence and Predictors of Personality Change After Severe Brain Injury

AU - Norup, Anne

AU - Mortensen, Erik Lykke

PY - 2015/1

Y1 - 2015/1

N2 - ObjectivesTo investigate the prevalence of personality change after severe brain injury; to identify predictors of personality change; and to investigate whether personality change is associated with distress in family members.DesignA longitudinal study of personality change.SettingRehabilitation unit.ParticipantsThe study sample was composed of 22 pairs of patients with traumatic brain injury or nontraumatic brain injury (N=22) and their significant others (SOs).InterventionsNot applicable.Main Outcome MeasuresAn SO completed the observer version of the NEO Five Factor Inventory rating the patient at discharge from hospital and 1 year after injury. The SOs were also asked to complete the anxiety and depression scales of the Symptom Checklist-90-Revised, rating their own emotional condition and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) as assessed by the 4 mental scales of the Medical Outcomes Study 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey.ResultsOf the sample, 59.1% experienced personality change after acquired brain injury, and the most dominant changes were observed in the personality traits of neuroticism, extraversion, and conscientiousness. Changes in neuroticism were most often observed in patients with frontal or temporal lesions. Generally, personality changes in patients were not associated with more distress and lower HRQOL in family members; however, change in patient agreeableness was associated with lower HRQOL on the role limitations-emotional scale.ConclusionsPersonality change was observed in most patients with severe brain injury. Change in neuroticism was associated with frontal and temporal lesions. Generally, personality change was not associated with more distress and lower HRQOL in SOs.

AB - ObjectivesTo investigate the prevalence of personality change after severe brain injury; to identify predictors of personality change; and to investigate whether personality change is associated with distress in family members.DesignA longitudinal study of personality change.SettingRehabilitation unit.ParticipantsThe study sample was composed of 22 pairs of patients with traumatic brain injury or nontraumatic brain injury (N=22) and their significant others (SOs).InterventionsNot applicable.Main Outcome MeasuresAn SO completed the observer version of the NEO Five Factor Inventory rating the patient at discharge from hospital and 1 year after injury. The SOs were also asked to complete the anxiety and depression scales of the Symptom Checklist-90-Revised, rating their own emotional condition and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) as assessed by the 4 mental scales of the Medical Outcomes Study 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey.ResultsOf the sample, 59.1% experienced personality change after acquired brain injury, and the most dominant changes were observed in the personality traits of neuroticism, extraversion, and conscientiousness. Changes in neuroticism were most often observed in patients with frontal or temporal lesions. Generally, personality changes in patients were not associated with more distress and lower HRQOL in family members; however, change in patient agreeableness was associated with lower HRQOL on the role limitations-emotional scale.ConclusionsPersonality change was observed in most patients with severe brain injury. Change in neuroticism was associated with frontal and temporal lesions. Generally, personality change was not associated with more distress and lower HRQOL in SOs.

KW - Brain injuries

KW - traumatic

KW - Family members

KW - Personality

KW - Prevalence

KW - Rehabilitation

U2 - 10.1016/j.apmr.2014.08.009

DO - 10.1016/j.apmr.2014.08.009

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 25193491

VL - 96

SP - 56

EP - 62

JO - Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation

JF - Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation

SN - 0003-9993

IS - 1

ER -

ID: 169416907