Racial-ethnic related clinical and neurocognitive differences in adults with gambling disorder

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Samuel R. Chamberlain, Eric Leppink, Sarah A. Redden, Brian L. Odlaug, Jon E. Grant

Recent epidemiological data suggest that the lifetime prevalence of gambling problems differs depending on race-ethnicity. Understanding variations in disease presentation in blacks and whites, and relationships with biological and sociocultural factors, may have implications for selecting appropriate prevention strategies. 62 non-treatment seeking volunteers (18-29 years, n=18 [29.0%] female) with gambling disorder were recruited from the general community. Black (n=36) and White (n=26) participants were compared on demographic, clinical and cognitive measures. Young black adults with gambling disorder reported more symptoms of gambling disorder and greater scores on a measure of compulsivity. In addition they exhibited significantly higher total errors on a set-shifting task, less risk adjustment on a gambling task, greater delay aversion on a gambling task, and more total errors on a working memory task. These findings suggest that the clinical and neurocognitive presentation of gambling disorder different between racial-ethnic groups.

Original languageEnglish
JournalPsychiatry Research
Volume242
Pages (from-to)82-87
Number of pages6
ISSN0165-1781
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 30 Aug 2016

    Research areas

  • Journal Article

ID: 166496079