Repair activity of oxidatively damaged DNA and telomere length in human lung epithelial cells after exposure to multi-walled carbon nanotubes

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Repair activity of oxidatively damaged DNA and telomere length in human lung epithelial cells after exposure to multi-walled carbon nanotubes. / Borghini, Andrea; Roursgaard, Martin; Andreassi, Maria Grazia; Kermanizadeh, Ali; Møller, Peter.

In: Mutagenesis, Vol. 32, No. 1, 01.2017, p. 173-180.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Borghini, A, Roursgaard, M, Andreassi, MG, Kermanizadeh, A & Møller, P 2017, 'Repair activity of oxidatively damaged DNA and telomere length in human lung epithelial cells after exposure to multi-walled carbon nanotubes', Mutagenesis, vol. 32, no. 1, pp. 173-180. https://doi.org/10.1093/mutage/gew036

APA

Borghini, A., Roursgaard, M., Andreassi, M. G., Kermanizadeh, A., & Møller, P. (2017). Repair activity of oxidatively damaged DNA and telomere length in human lung epithelial cells after exposure to multi-walled carbon nanotubes. Mutagenesis, 32(1), 173-180. https://doi.org/10.1093/mutage/gew036

Vancouver

Borghini A, Roursgaard M, Andreassi MG, Kermanizadeh A, Møller P. Repair activity of oxidatively damaged DNA and telomere length in human lung epithelial cells after exposure to multi-walled carbon nanotubes. Mutagenesis. 2017 Jan;32(1):173-180. https://doi.org/10.1093/mutage/gew036

Author

Borghini, Andrea ; Roursgaard, Martin ; Andreassi, Maria Grazia ; Kermanizadeh, Ali ; Møller, Peter. / Repair activity of oxidatively damaged DNA and telomere length in human lung epithelial cells after exposure to multi-walled carbon nanotubes. In: Mutagenesis. 2017 ; Vol. 32, No. 1. pp. 173-180.

Bibtex

@article{5ad9cb8df8f946388e40ee976260a19f,
title = "Repair activity of oxidatively damaged DNA and telomere length in human lung epithelial cells after exposure to multi-walled carbon nanotubes",
abstract = "One type of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) (MWCNT-7, from Mitsui) has been classified as probably carcinogenic to humans, however insufficient data does not warrant the same classification for other types of CNTs. Experimental data indicate that CNT exposure can result in oxidative stress and DNA damage in cultured cells, whereas these materials appear to induce low or no mutagenicity. Therefore, the present study aimed to investigate whether in vitro exposure of cultured airway epithelial cells (A549) to multi-walled CNTs (MWCNTs) could increase the DNA repair activity of oxidatively damaged DNA and drive the cells toward replicative senescence, assessed by attrition of telomeres. To investigate this, H2O2 and KBrO3 were used to induce DNA damage in the cells and the effect of pre-exposure to MWCNT tested for a change in repair activity inside the cells or in the extract of treated cells. The effect of MWCNT exposure on telomere length was investigated for concentration and time response. We report a significantly increased repair activity in A549 cells exposed to MWCNTs compared to non-exposed cells, suggesting that DNA repair activity may be influenced by exposure to MWCNTs. The telomere length was decreased at times longer than 24h, but this decrease was not concentration dependent. The results suggest that the seemingly low mutagenicity of CNTs in cultured cells may be associated with an increased DNA repair activity and a replicative senescence, which may counteract the manifestation of DNA lesions to mutations.",
author = "Andrea Borghini and Martin Roursgaard and Andreassi, {Maria Grazia} and Ali Kermanizadeh and Peter M{\o}ller",
note = "{\circledC} The Author 2016. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the UK Environmental Mutagen Society. All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail: journals.permissions@oup.com.",
year = "2017",
month = "1",
doi = "10.1093/mutage/gew036",
language = "English",
volume = "32",
pages = "173--180",
journal = "Mutagenesis",
issn = "0267-8357",
publisher = "Oxford University Press",
number = "1",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Repair activity of oxidatively damaged DNA and telomere length in human lung epithelial cells after exposure to multi-walled carbon nanotubes

AU - Borghini, Andrea

AU - Roursgaard, Martin

AU - Andreassi, Maria Grazia

AU - Kermanizadeh, Ali

AU - Møller, Peter

N1 - © The Author 2016. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the UK Environmental Mutagen Society. All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail: journals.permissions@oup.com.

PY - 2017/1

Y1 - 2017/1

N2 - One type of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) (MWCNT-7, from Mitsui) has been classified as probably carcinogenic to humans, however insufficient data does not warrant the same classification for other types of CNTs. Experimental data indicate that CNT exposure can result in oxidative stress and DNA damage in cultured cells, whereas these materials appear to induce low or no mutagenicity. Therefore, the present study aimed to investigate whether in vitro exposure of cultured airway epithelial cells (A549) to multi-walled CNTs (MWCNTs) could increase the DNA repair activity of oxidatively damaged DNA and drive the cells toward replicative senescence, assessed by attrition of telomeres. To investigate this, H2O2 and KBrO3 were used to induce DNA damage in the cells and the effect of pre-exposure to MWCNT tested for a change in repair activity inside the cells or in the extract of treated cells. The effect of MWCNT exposure on telomere length was investigated for concentration and time response. We report a significantly increased repair activity in A549 cells exposed to MWCNTs compared to non-exposed cells, suggesting that DNA repair activity may be influenced by exposure to MWCNTs. The telomere length was decreased at times longer than 24h, but this decrease was not concentration dependent. The results suggest that the seemingly low mutagenicity of CNTs in cultured cells may be associated with an increased DNA repair activity and a replicative senescence, which may counteract the manifestation of DNA lesions to mutations.

AB - One type of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) (MWCNT-7, from Mitsui) has been classified as probably carcinogenic to humans, however insufficient data does not warrant the same classification for other types of CNTs. Experimental data indicate that CNT exposure can result in oxidative stress and DNA damage in cultured cells, whereas these materials appear to induce low or no mutagenicity. Therefore, the present study aimed to investigate whether in vitro exposure of cultured airway epithelial cells (A549) to multi-walled CNTs (MWCNTs) could increase the DNA repair activity of oxidatively damaged DNA and drive the cells toward replicative senescence, assessed by attrition of telomeres. To investigate this, H2O2 and KBrO3 were used to induce DNA damage in the cells and the effect of pre-exposure to MWCNT tested for a change in repair activity inside the cells or in the extract of treated cells. The effect of MWCNT exposure on telomere length was investigated for concentration and time response. We report a significantly increased repair activity in A549 cells exposed to MWCNTs compared to non-exposed cells, suggesting that DNA repair activity may be influenced by exposure to MWCNTs. The telomere length was decreased at times longer than 24h, but this decrease was not concentration dependent. The results suggest that the seemingly low mutagenicity of CNTs in cultured cells may be associated with an increased DNA repair activity and a replicative senescence, which may counteract the manifestation of DNA lesions to mutations.

U2 - 10.1093/mutage/gew036

DO - 10.1093/mutage/gew036

M3 - Journal article

VL - 32

SP - 173

EP - 180

JO - Mutagenesis

JF - Mutagenesis

SN - 0267-8357

IS - 1

ER -

ID: 171652574