Social resources and cognitive ageing across 30 years: the Glostrup 1914 Cohort

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Standard

Social resources and cognitive ageing across 30 years : the Glostrup 1914 Cohort. / Gow, Alan J.; Mortensen, Erik Lykke.

In: Age and Ageing, Vol. 45, No. 4, 07.2016, p. 480-486.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Harvard

Gow, AJ & Mortensen, EL 2016, 'Social resources and cognitive ageing across 30 years: the Glostrup 1914 Cohort', Age and Ageing, vol. 45, no. 4, pp. 480-486. https://doi.org/10.1093/ageing/afw070

APA

Gow, A. J., & Mortensen, E. L. (2016). Social resources and cognitive ageing across 30 years: the Glostrup 1914 Cohort. Age and Ageing, 45(4), 480-486. https://doi.org/10.1093/ageing/afw070

Vancouver

Gow AJ, Mortensen EL. Social resources and cognitive ageing across 30 years: the Glostrup 1914 Cohort. Age and Ageing. 2016 Jul;45(4):480-486. https://doi.org/10.1093/ageing/afw070

Author

Gow, Alan J. ; Mortensen, Erik Lykke. / Social resources and cognitive ageing across 30 years : the Glostrup 1914 Cohort. In: Age and Ageing. 2016 ; Vol. 45, No. 4. pp. 480-486.

Bibtex

@article{5fc9a428c3de4426a46bb264c1f0fb9c,
title = "Social resources and cognitive ageing across 30 years: the Glostrup 1914 Cohort",
abstract = "Background: to examine associations between social resources and cognitive ageing over 30 years.Methods: participants in the Glostrup 1914 Cohort, a year of birth sample, completed a standardarised battery of cognitive ability tests every 10 years from age 50 to 80, summarised as general cognitive ability. Participants also provided information concerning a range of social resources, including marital status and living arrangements from age 50, and from age 70, details regarding social support, social contact and loneliness.Results: across the follow-up, participants were less likely to be married, falling from 85.0 to 40.4{\%} between ages 50 and 80, while the proportion of those living alone increased from 13.1 to 54.2{\%}. In separate growth curve models, being married, living with others and not feeling lonely were all associated with higher cognitive ability level, while more telephone contact had a negative association. Marital status (at ages 50 and 60) and loneliness at age 70 were the only social resources associated with cognitive change; married individuals and those not feeling lonely experienced less cognitive decline. When the social resources showing significant associations were considered together (and accounting for sex, education and social class), loneliness was associated with lower cognitive ability level and greater cognitive decline, while married individuals experienced less decline.Conclusions: in a relatively large cohort followed for up to 30 years, marital status and loneliness were associated with cognitive ability or change. Interventions designed to reduce loneliness in older adults might be supported as one avenue to reduce cognitive ageing.",
keywords = "older people, cognitive ageing, social support, social contact, marital status, loneliness",
author = "Gow, {Alan J.} and Mortensen, {Erik Lykke}",
year = "2016",
month = "7",
doi = "10.1093/ageing/afw070",
language = "English",
volume = "45",
pages = "480--486",
journal = "Age and Ageing",
issn = "0002-0729",
publisher = "Oxford University Press",
number = "4",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Social resources and cognitive ageing across 30 years

T2 - the Glostrup 1914 Cohort

AU - Gow, Alan J.

AU - Mortensen, Erik Lykke

PY - 2016/7

Y1 - 2016/7

N2 - Background: to examine associations between social resources and cognitive ageing over 30 years.Methods: participants in the Glostrup 1914 Cohort, a year of birth sample, completed a standardarised battery of cognitive ability tests every 10 years from age 50 to 80, summarised as general cognitive ability. Participants also provided information concerning a range of social resources, including marital status and living arrangements from age 50, and from age 70, details regarding social support, social contact and loneliness.Results: across the follow-up, participants were less likely to be married, falling from 85.0 to 40.4% between ages 50 and 80, while the proportion of those living alone increased from 13.1 to 54.2%. In separate growth curve models, being married, living with others and not feeling lonely were all associated with higher cognitive ability level, while more telephone contact had a negative association. Marital status (at ages 50 and 60) and loneliness at age 70 were the only social resources associated with cognitive change; married individuals and those not feeling lonely experienced less cognitive decline. When the social resources showing significant associations were considered together (and accounting for sex, education and social class), loneliness was associated with lower cognitive ability level and greater cognitive decline, while married individuals experienced less decline.Conclusions: in a relatively large cohort followed for up to 30 years, marital status and loneliness were associated with cognitive ability or change. Interventions designed to reduce loneliness in older adults might be supported as one avenue to reduce cognitive ageing.

AB - Background: to examine associations between social resources and cognitive ageing over 30 years.Methods: participants in the Glostrup 1914 Cohort, a year of birth sample, completed a standardarised battery of cognitive ability tests every 10 years from age 50 to 80, summarised as general cognitive ability. Participants also provided information concerning a range of social resources, including marital status and living arrangements from age 50, and from age 70, details regarding social support, social contact and loneliness.Results: across the follow-up, participants were less likely to be married, falling from 85.0 to 40.4% between ages 50 and 80, while the proportion of those living alone increased from 13.1 to 54.2%. In separate growth curve models, being married, living with others and not feeling lonely were all associated with higher cognitive ability level, while more telephone contact had a negative association. Marital status (at ages 50 and 60) and loneliness at age 70 were the only social resources associated with cognitive change; married individuals and those not feeling lonely experienced less cognitive decline. When the social resources showing significant associations were considered together (and accounting for sex, education and social class), loneliness was associated with lower cognitive ability level and greater cognitive decline, while married individuals experienced less decline.Conclusions: in a relatively large cohort followed for up to 30 years, marital status and loneliness were associated with cognitive ability or change. Interventions designed to reduce loneliness in older adults might be supported as one avenue to reduce cognitive ageing.

KW - older people

KW - cognitive ageing

KW - social support

KW - social contact

KW - marital status

KW - loneliness

U2 - 10.1093/ageing/afw070

DO - 10.1093/ageing/afw070

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 27126328

VL - 45

SP - 480

EP - 486

JO - Age and Ageing

JF - Age and Ageing

SN - 0002-0729

IS - 4

ER -

ID: 164383211