Subclinical cognitive decline in middle-age is associated with reduced task-induced deactivation of the brain's default mode network

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Standard

Subclinical cognitive decline in middle-age is associated with reduced task-induced deactivation of the brain's default mode network. / Hansen, Naja Liv; Lauritzen, Martin; Mortensen, Erik Lykke; Osler, Merete; Avlund, Kirsten; Fagerlund, Birgitte; Rostrup, Egill.

In: Human Brain Mapping, Vol. 35, No. 9, 09.2014, p. 4488-98.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Hansen, NL, Lauritzen, M, Mortensen, EL, Osler, M, Avlund, K, Fagerlund, B & Rostrup, E 2014, 'Subclinical cognitive decline in middle-age is associated with reduced task-induced deactivation of the brain's default mode network', Human Brain Mapping, vol. 35, no. 9, pp. 4488-98. https://doi.org/10.1002/hbm.22489

APA

Hansen, N. L., Lauritzen, M., Mortensen, E. L., Osler, M., Avlund, K., Fagerlund, B., & Rostrup, E. (2014). Subclinical cognitive decline in middle-age is associated with reduced task-induced deactivation of the brain's default mode network. Human Brain Mapping, 35(9), 4488-98. https://doi.org/10.1002/hbm.22489

Vancouver

Hansen NL, Lauritzen M, Mortensen EL, Osler M, Avlund K, Fagerlund B et al. Subclinical cognitive decline in middle-age is associated with reduced task-induced deactivation of the brain's default mode network. Human Brain Mapping. 2014 Sep;35(9):4488-98. https://doi.org/10.1002/hbm.22489

Author

Hansen, Naja Liv ; Lauritzen, Martin ; Mortensen, Erik Lykke ; Osler, Merete ; Avlund, Kirsten ; Fagerlund, Birgitte ; Rostrup, Egill. / Subclinical cognitive decline in middle-age is associated with reduced task-induced deactivation of the brain's default mode network. In: Human Brain Mapping. 2014 ; Vol. 35, No. 9. pp. 4488-98.

Bibtex

@article{184f3d13d69c4617b6bf2a422f1c0b4e,
title = "Subclinical cognitive decline in middle-age is associated with reduced task-induced deactivation of the brain's default mode network",
abstract = "Cognitive abilities decline with age, but with considerable individual variation. The neurobiological correlate of this variation is not well described. Functional brain imaging studies have demonstrated reduced task-induced deactivation (TID) of the brain's default mode network (DMN) in a wide range of neurodegenerative diseases involving cognitive symptoms, in conditions with increased risk of Alzheimer's disease, and even in advanced but healthy aging. Here, we investigated brain activation and deactivation during a visual-motor task in 185 clinically healthy males from a Danish birth cohort, whose cognitive function was assessed in youth and midlife. Using each individual as his own control, we defined a group with a large degree of cognitive decline, and a control group. When correcting for effects of total cerebral blood flow and hemoglobin level, we found reduced TID in the posterior region of the DMN in the cognitive decline group compared to the control group. Furthermore, increased visual activation response was found in the cognitive decline group, indicating that the TID reduction was not exclusively due to overall impaired vascular reactivity. These results suggest a neurobiological basis for subclinical cognitive decline in late midlife, which includes TID alterations similar to the pattern seen in patients with AD and mild cognitive impairment. Hence, TID reduction might be suggested as an early marker for subtle cognitive decline in aging.",
author = "Hansen, {Naja Liv} and Martin Lauritzen and Mortensen, {Erik Lykke} and Merete Osler and Kirsten Avlund and Birgitte Fagerlund and Egill Rostrup",
note = "Copyright {\circledC} 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.",
year = "2014",
month = "9",
doi = "10.1002/hbm.22489",
language = "English",
volume = "35",
pages = "4488--98",
journal = "Human Brain Mapping",
issn = "1065-9471",
publisher = "JohnWiley & Sons, Inc.",
number = "9",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Subclinical cognitive decline in middle-age is associated with reduced task-induced deactivation of the brain's default mode network

AU - Hansen, Naja Liv

AU - Lauritzen, Martin

AU - Mortensen, Erik Lykke

AU - Osler, Merete

AU - Avlund, Kirsten

AU - Fagerlund, Birgitte

AU - Rostrup, Egill

N1 - Copyright © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

PY - 2014/9

Y1 - 2014/9

N2 - Cognitive abilities decline with age, but with considerable individual variation. The neurobiological correlate of this variation is not well described. Functional brain imaging studies have demonstrated reduced task-induced deactivation (TID) of the brain's default mode network (DMN) in a wide range of neurodegenerative diseases involving cognitive symptoms, in conditions with increased risk of Alzheimer's disease, and even in advanced but healthy aging. Here, we investigated brain activation and deactivation during a visual-motor task in 185 clinically healthy males from a Danish birth cohort, whose cognitive function was assessed in youth and midlife. Using each individual as his own control, we defined a group with a large degree of cognitive decline, and a control group. When correcting for effects of total cerebral blood flow and hemoglobin level, we found reduced TID in the posterior region of the DMN in the cognitive decline group compared to the control group. Furthermore, increased visual activation response was found in the cognitive decline group, indicating that the TID reduction was not exclusively due to overall impaired vascular reactivity. These results suggest a neurobiological basis for subclinical cognitive decline in late midlife, which includes TID alterations similar to the pattern seen in patients with AD and mild cognitive impairment. Hence, TID reduction might be suggested as an early marker for subtle cognitive decline in aging.

AB - Cognitive abilities decline with age, but with considerable individual variation. The neurobiological correlate of this variation is not well described. Functional brain imaging studies have demonstrated reduced task-induced deactivation (TID) of the brain's default mode network (DMN) in a wide range of neurodegenerative diseases involving cognitive symptoms, in conditions with increased risk of Alzheimer's disease, and even in advanced but healthy aging. Here, we investigated brain activation and deactivation during a visual-motor task in 185 clinically healthy males from a Danish birth cohort, whose cognitive function was assessed in youth and midlife. Using each individual as his own control, we defined a group with a large degree of cognitive decline, and a control group. When correcting for effects of total cerebral blood flow and hemoglobin level, we found reduced TID in the posterior region of the DMN in the cognitive decline group compared to the control group. Furthermore, increased visual activation response was found in the cognitive decline group, indicating that the TID reduction was not exclusively due to overall impaired vascular reactivity. These results suggest a neurobiological basis for subclinical cognitive decline in late midlife, which includes TID alterations similar to the pattern seen in patients with AD and mild cognitive impairment. Hence, TID reduction might be suggested as an early marker for subtle cognitive decline in aging.

U2 - 10.1002/hbm.22489

DO - 10.1002/hbm.22489

M3 - Journal article

VL - 35

SP - 4488

EP - 4498

JO - Human Brain Mapping

JF - Human Brain Mapping

SN - 1065-9471

IS - 9

ER -

ID: 123991383