Urinary 1-hydroxypyrene and mutagenicity in bus drivers and mail carriers exposed to urban air pollution in Denmark

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Standard

Urinary 1-hydroxypyrene and mutagenicity in bus drivers and mail carriers exposed to urban air pollution in Denmark. / Hansen, Åse Marie; Wallin, Håkan; Binderup, Mona Lise; Dybdahl, Marianne; Autrup, Herman; Loft, Steffen; Knudsen, Lisbeth E.

In: Mutation Research - Fundamental and Molecular Mechanisms of Mutagenesis, Vol. 557, No. 1, 2004, p. 7-17.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Hansen, ÅM, Wallin, H, Binderup, ML, Dybdahl, M, Autrup, H, Loft, S & Knudsen, LE 2004, 'Urinary 1-hydroxypyrene and mutagenicity in bus drivers and mail carriers exposed to urban air pollution in Denmark', Mutation Research - Fundamental and Molecular Mechanisms of Mutagenesis, vol. 557, no. 1, pp. 7-17.

APA

Hansen, Å. M., Wallin, H., Binderup, M. L., Dybdahl, M., Autrup, H., Loft, S., & Knudsen, L. E. (2004). Urinary 1-hydroxypyrene and mutagenicity in bus drivers and mail carriers exposed to urban air pollution in Denmark. Mutation Research - Fundamental and Molecular Mechanisms of Mutagenesis, 557(1), 7-17.

Vancouver

Hansen ÅM, Wallin H, Binderup ML, Dybdahl M, Autrup H, Loft S et al. Urinary 1-hydroxypyrene and mutagenicity in bus drivers and mail carriers exposed to urban air pollution in Denmark. Mutation Research - Fundamental and Molecular Mechanisms of Mutagenesis. 2004;557(1):7-17.

Author

Hansen, Åse Marie ; Wallin, Håkan ; Binderup, Mona Lise ; Dybdahl, Marianne ; Autrup, Herman ; Loft, Steffen ; Knudsen, Lisbeth E. / Urinary 1-hydroxypyrene and mutagenicity in bus drivers and mail carriers exposed to urban air pollution in Denmark. In: Mutation Research - Fundamental and Molecular Mechanisms of Mutagenesis. 2004 ; Vol. 557, No. 1. pp. 7-17.

Bibtex

@article{1927b960125811df803f000ea68e967b,
title = "Urinary 1-hydroxypyrene and mutagenicity in bus drivers and mail carriers exposed to urban air pollution in Denmark",
abstract = "BACKGROUND: Previous studies in Denmark have shown that bus drivers and tramway employees were at an increased risk for developing several types of cancer and that bus drives from central Copenhagen have high levels of biomarkers of DNA damage.AIMS: The present study evaluates 1-hydroxypyrene concentrations and mutagenic activity in urine as biomarkers of exposure in non-smoking bus drivers in city and rural areas on a work day and a day off and in non-smoking mail carriers working outdoors (in the streets) and indoors (in the office). METHODS: Twenty-four hour urine samples were collected on a working day and a day off from 60 non-smoking bus drivers in city and rural areas and from 88 non-smoking mail carriers working outdoors (in the streets) and indoors (in the office). The concentration of 1-hydroxypyrene was measured by means of HPLC and the mutagenic activity was assessed by the Ames assay with Salmonella tester strain YG1021 and S9 mix. The N-acetyltransferase (NAT2) phenotype was used as a biomarker for susceptibility to mutagenic/carcinogenic compounds. RESULTS: Bus drivers excreted more 1-hydroxypyrene in urine than did mail carriers. The differences were slightly smaller when NAT2 phenotype, cooking at home, exposure to vehicle exhaust, and performing physical exercise after work were included. The NAT2 slow acetylators had 29{\%} (1.29 [CI: 1.15-1.98]) higher 1-hydroxypyrene concentrations in urine than the fast acetylators. Male bus drivers had 0.92 revertants/mol creatinine [CI: 0.37-1.47] and female bus drivers 1.90 revertants/mol creatinine [CI: 1.01-2.79] higher mutagenic activity in urine than mail carriers. CONCLUSION: The present study indicates that bus drivers are more exposed to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) and mutagens than mail carriers. Mail carriers who worked outdoors had higher urinary concentration of 1-hydroxypyrene, a marker of exposure to PAH, than those working indoors. The individual levels of urinary mutagenic activity were not correlated to excretion of 1-hydroxypyrene. This might be due to the fact that the most potent mutagenic compounds in diesel exhaust are not PAH but dinitro-pyrenes. Among bus drivers, fast NAT2 acetylators had higher mutagenic activity in urine than slow NAT2 acetylators and female bus drivers had higher mutagenic activity than male bus drivers.",
author = "Hansen, {{\AA}se Marie} and H{\aa}kan Wallin and Binderup, {Mona Lise} and Marianne Dybdahl and Herman Autrup and Steffen Loft and Knudsen, {Lisbeth E.}",
note = "Keywords: Adult; Air Pollution; Arylamine N-Acetyltransferase; Automobile Driving; Biological Markers; Environmental Monitoring; Female; Humans; Male; Middle Aged; Mutagens; Occupational Exposure; Polycyclic Hydrocarbons, Aromatic; Postal Service; Pyrenes; Sex Factors; Urban Health",
year = "2004",
language = "English",
volume = "557",
pages = "7--17",
journal = "Mutation Research - Fundamental and Molecular Mechanisms of Mutagenesis",
issn = "0027-5107",
publisher = "Elsevier",
number = "1",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Urinary 1-hydroxypyrene and mutagenicity in bus drivers and mail carriers exposed to urban air pollution in Denmark

AU - Hansen, Åse Marie

AU - Wallin, Håkan

AU - Binderup, Mona Lise

AU - Dybdahl, Marianne

AU - Autrup, Herman

AU - Loft, Steffen

AU - Knudsen, Lisbeth E.

N1 - Keywords: Adult; Air Pollution; Arylamine N-Acetyltransferase; Automobile Driving; Biological Markers; Environmental Monitoring; Female; Humans; Male; Middle Aged; Mutagens; Occupational Exposure; Polycyclic Hydrocarbons, Aromatic; Postal Service; Pyrenes; Sex Factors; Urban Health

PY - 2004

Y1 - 2004

N2 - BACKGROUND: Previous studies in Denmark have shown that bus drivers and tramway employees were at an increased risk for developing several types of cancer and that bus drives from central Copenhagen have high levels of biomarkers of DNA damage.AIMS: The present study evaluates 1-hydroxypyrene concentrations and mutagenic activity in urine as biomarkers of exposure in non-smoking bus drivers in city and rural areas on a work day and a day off and in non-smoking mail carriers working outdoors (in the streets) and indoors (in the office). METHODS: Twenty-four hour urine samples were collected on a working day and a day off from 60 non-smoking bus drivers in city and rural areas and from 88 non-smoking mail carriers working outdoors (in the streets) and indoors (in the office). The concentration of 1-hydroxypyrene was measured by means of HPLC and the mutagenic activity was assessed by the Ames assay with Salmonella tester strain YG1021 and S9 mix. The N-acetyltransferase (NAT2) phenotype was used as a biomarker for susceptibility to mutagenic/carcinogenic compounds. RESULTS: Bus drivers excreted more 1-hydroxypyrene in urine than did mail carriers. The differences were slightly smaller when NAT2 phenotype, cooking at home, exposure to vehicle exhaust, and performing physical exercise after work were included. The NAT2 slow acetylators had 29% (1.29 [CI: 1.15-1.98]) higher 1-hydroxypyrene concentrations in urine than the fast acetylators. Male bus drivers had 0.92 revertants/mol creatinine [CI: 0.37-1.47] and female bus drivers 1.90 revertants/mol creatinine [CI: 1.01-2.79] higher mutagenic activity in urine than mail carriers. CONCLUSION: The present study indicates that bus drivers are more exposed to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) and mutagens than mail carriers. Mail carriers who worked outdoors had higher urinary concentration of 1-hydroxypyrene, a marker of exposure to PAH, than those working indoors. The individual levels of urinary mutagenic activity were not correlated to excretion of 1-hydroxypyrene. This might be due to the fact that the most potent mutagenic compounds in diesel exhaust are not PAH but dinitro-pyrenes. Among bus drivers, fast NAT2 acetylators had higher mutagenic activity in urine than slow NAT2 acetylators and female bus drivers had higher mutagenic activity than male bus drivers.

AB - BACKGROUND: Previous studies in Denmark have shown that bus drivers and tramway employees were at an increased risk for developing several types of cancer and that bus drives from central Copenhagen have high levels of biomarkers of DNA damage.AIMS: The present study evaluates 1-hydroxypyrene concentrations and mutagenic activity in urine as biomarkers of exposure in non-smoking bus drivers in city and rural areas on a work day and a day off and in non-smoking mail carriers working outdoors (in the streets) and indoors (in the office). METHODS: Twenty-four hour urine samples were collected on a working day and a day off from 60 non-smoking bus drivers in city and rural areas and from 88 non-smoking mail carriers working outdoors (in the streets) and indoors (in the office). The concentration of 1-hydroxypyrene was measured by means of HPLC and the mutagenic activity was assessed by the Ames assay with Salmonella tester strain YG1021 and S9 mix. The N-acetyltransferase (NAT2) phenotype was used as a biomarker for susceptibility to mutagenic/carcinogenic compounds. RESULTS: Bus drivers excreted more 1-hydroxypyrene in urine than did mail carriers. The differences were slightly smaller when NAT2 phenotype, cooking at home, exposure to vehicle exhaust, and performing physical exercise after work were included. The NAT2 slow acetylators had 29% (1.29 [CI: 1.15-1.98]) higher 1-hydroxypyrene concentrations in urine than the fast acetylators. Male bus drivers had 0.92 revertants/mol creatinine [CI: 0.37-1.47] and female bus drivers 1.90 revertants/mol creatinine [CI: 1.01-2.79] higher mutagenic activity in urine than mail carriers. CONCLUSION: The present study indicates that bus drivers are more exposed to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) and mutagens than mail carriers. Mail carriers who worked outdoors had higher urinary concentration of 1-hydroxypyrene, a marker of exposure to PAH, than those working indoors. The individual levels of urinary mutagenic activity were not correlated to excretion of 1-hydroxypyrene. This might be due to the fact that the most potent mutagenic compounds in diesel exhaust are not PAH but dinitro-pyrenes. Among bus drivers, fast NAT2 acetylators had higher mutagenic activity in urine than slow NAT2 acetylators and female bus drivers had higher mutagenic activity than male bus drivers.

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 14706514

VL - 557

SP - 7

EP - 17

JO - Mutation Research - Fundamental and Molecular Mechanisms of Mutagenesis

JF - Mutation Research - Fundamental and Molecular Mechanisms of Mutagenesis

SN - 0027-5107

IS - 1

ER -

ID: 17424591