Vegetable intake and the risk of bladder cancer in the BLadder Cancer Epidemiology and Nutritional Determinants (BLEND) international study

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Vegetable intake and the risk of bladder cancer in the BLadder Cancer Epidemiology and Nutritional Determinants (BLEND) international study. / Yu, Evan Yi-Wen; Wesselius, Anke; Mehrkanoon, Siamak; Goosens, Mieke; Brinkman, Maree; van den Brandt, Piet; Grant, Eric J.; White, Emily; Weiderpass, Elisabete; Le Calvez-Kelm, Florence; Gunter, Marc J.; Huybrechts, Inge; Riboli, Elio; Tjonneland, Anne; Masala, Giovanna; Giles, Graham G.; Milne, Roger L.; Zeegers, Maurice P.

In: BMC Medicine, Vol. 19, No. 1, 56, 2021.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Yu, EY-W, Wesselius, A, Mehrkanoon, S, Goosens, M, Brinkman, M, van den Brandt, P, Grant, EJ, White, E, Weiderpass, E, Le Calvez-Kelm, F, Gunter, MJ, Huybrechts, I, Riboli, E, Tjonneland, A, Masala, G, Giles, GG, Milne, RL & Zeegers, MP 2021, 'Vegetable intake and the risk of bladder cancer in the BLadder Cancer Epidemiology and Nutritional Determinants (BLEND) international study', BMC Medicine, vol. 19, no. 1, 56. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12916-021-01931-8

APA

Yu, E. Y-W., Wesselius, A., Mehrkanoon, S., Goosens, M., Brinkman, M., van den Brandt, P., Grant, E. J., White, E., Weiderpass, E., Le Calvez-Kelm, F., Gunter, M. J., Huybrechts, I., Riboli, E., Tjonneland, A., Masala, G., Giles, G. G., Milne, R. L., & Zeegers, M. P. (2021). Vegetable intake and the risk of bladder cancer in the BLadder Cancer Epidemiology and Nutritional Determinants (BLEND) international study. BMC Medicine, 19(1), [56]. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12916-021-01931-8

Vancouver

Yu EY-W, Wesselius A, Mehrkanoon S, Goosens M, Brinkman M, van den Brandt P et al. Vegetable intake and the risk of bladder cancer in the BLadder Cancer Epidemiology and Nutritional Determinants (BLEND) international study. BMC Medicine. 2021;19(1). 56. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12916-021-01931-8

Author

Yu, Evan Yi-Wen ; Wesselius, Anke ; Mehrkanoon, Siamak ; Goosens, Mieke ; Brinkman, Maree ; van den Brandt, Piet ; Grant, Eric J. ; White, Emily ; Weiderpass, Elisabete ; Le Calvez-Kelm, Florence ; Gunter, Marc J. ; Huybrechts, Inge ; Riboli, Elio ; Tjonneland, Anne ; Masala, Giovanna ; Giles, Graham G. ; Milne, Roger L. ; Zeegers, Maurice P. / Vegetable intake and the risk of bladder cancer in the BLadder Cancer Epidemiology and Nutritional Determinants (BLEND) international study. In: BMC Medicine. 2021 ; Vol. 19, No. 1.

Bibtex

@article{9c0e7379f2e64273b9caa7a37708daf5,
title = "Vegetable intake and the risk of bladder cancer in the BLadder Cancer Epidemiology and Nutritional Determinants (BLEND) international study",
abstract = "Background Although a potential inverse association between vegetable intake and bladder cancer risk has been reported, epidemiological evidence is inconsistent. This research aimed to elucidate the association between vegetable intake and bladder cancer risk by conducting a pooled analysis of data from prospective cohort studies. Methods Vegetable intake in relation to bladder cancer risk was examined by pooling individual-level data from 13 cohort studies, comprising 3203 cases among a total of 555,685 participants. Pooled multivariate hazard ratios (HRs), with corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CIs), were estimated using Cox proportional hazards regression models stratified by cohort for intakes of total vegetable, vegetable subtypes (i.e. non-starchy, starchy, green leafy and cruciferous vegetables) and individual vegetable types. In addition, a diet diversity score was used to assess the association of the varied types of vegetable intake on bladder cancer risk. Results The association between vegetable intake and bladder cancer risk differed by sex (P-interaction = 0.011) and smoking status (P-interaction = 0.038); therefore, analyses were stratified by sex and smoking status. With adjustment of age, sex, smoking, energy intake, ethnicity and other potential dietary factors, we found that higher intake of total and non-starchy vegetables were inversely associated with the risk of bladder cancer among women (comparing the highest with lowest intake tertile: HR = 0.79, 95% CI = 0.64-0.98, P = 0.037 for trend, HR per 1 SD increment = 0.89, 95% CI = 0.81-0.99; HR = 0.78, 95% CI = 0.63-0.97, P = 0.034 for trend, HR per 1 SD increment = 0.88, 95% CI = 0.79-0.98, respectively). However, no evidence of association was observed among men, and the intake of vegetable was not found to be associated with bladder cancer when stratified by smoking status. Moreover, we found no evidence of association for diet diversity with bladder cancer risk. Conclusion Higher intakes of total and non-starchy vegetable are associated with reduced risk of bladder cancer for women. Further studies are needed to clarify whether these results reflect causal processes and potential underlying mechanisms.",
keywords = "Bladder cancer, Vegetable, Dietary diversity analysis, Cohort study",
author = "Yu, {Evan Yi-Wen} and Anke Wesselius and Siamak Mehrkanoon and Mieke Goosens and Maree Brinkman and {van den Brandt}, Piet and Grant, {Eric J.} and Emily White and Elisabete Weiderpass and {Le Calvez-Kelm}, Florence and Gunter, {Marc J.} and Inge Huybrechts and Elio Riboli and Anne Tjonneland and Giovanna Masala and Giles, {Graham G.} and Milne, {Roger L.} and Zeegers, {Maurice P.}",
year = "2021",
doi = "10.1186/s12916-021-01931-8",
language = "English",
volume = "19",
journal = "B M C Medicine",
issn = "1741-7015",
publisher = "BioMed Central Ltd.",
number = "1",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Vegetable intake and the risk of bladder cancer in the BLadder Cancer Epidemiology and Nutritional Determinants (BLEND) international study

AU - Yu, Evan Yi-Wen

AU - Wesselius, Anke

AU - Mehrkanoon, Siamak

AU - Goosens, Mieke

AU - Brinkman, Maree

AU - van den Brandt, Piet

AU - Grant, Eric J.

AU - White, Emily

AU - Weiderpass, Elisabete

AU - Le Calvez-Kelm, Florence

AU - Gunter, Marc J.

AU - Huybrechts, Inge

AU - Riboli, Elio

AU - Tjonneland, Anne

AU - Masala, Giovanna

AU - Giles, Graham G.

AU - Milne, Roger L.

AU - Zeegers, Maurice P.

PY - 2021

Y1 - 2021

N2 - Background Although a potential inverse association between vegetable intake and bladder cancer risk has been reported, epidemiological evidence is inconsistent. This research aimed to elucidate the association between vegetable intake and bladder cancer risk by conducting a pooled analysis of data from prospective cohort studies. Methods Vegetable intake in relation to bladder cancer risk was examined by pooling individual-level data from 13 cohort studies, comprising 3203 cases among a total of 555,685 participants. Pooled multivariate hazard ratios (HRs), with corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CIs), were estimated using Cox proportional hazards regression models stratified by cohort for intakes of total vegetable, vegetable subtypes (i.e. non-starchy, starchy, green leafy and cruciferous vegetables) and individual vegetable types. In addition, a diet diversity score was used to assess the association of the varied types of vegetable intake on bladder cancer risk. Results The association between vegetable intake and bladder cancer risk differed by sex (P-interaction = 0.011) and smoking status (P-interaction = 0.038); therefore, analyses were stratified by sex and smoking status. With adjustment of age, sex, smoking, energy intake, ethnicity and other potential dietary factors, we found that higher intake of total and non-starchy vegetables were inversely associated with the risk of bladder cancer among women (comparing the highest with lowest intake tertile: HR = 0.79, 95% CI = 0.64-0.98, P = 0.037 for trend, HR per 1 SD increment = 0.89, 95% CI = 0.81-0.99; HR = 0.78, 95% CI = 0.63-0.97, P = 0.034 for trend, HR per 1 SD increment = 0.88, 95% CI = 0.79-0.98, respectively). However, no evidence of association was observed among men, and the intake of vegetable was not found to be associated with bladder cancer when stratified by smoking status. Moreover, we found no evidence of association for diet diversity with bladder cancer risk. Conclusion Higher intakes of total and non-starchy vegetable are associated with reduced risk of bladder cancer for women. Further studies are needed to clarify whether these results reflect causal processes and potential underlying mechanisms.

AB - Background Although a potential inverse association between vegetable intake and bladder cancer risk has been reported, epidemiological evidence is inconsistent. This research aimed to elucidate the association between vegetable intake and bladder cancer risk by conducting a pooled analysis of data from prospective cohort studies. Methods Vegetable intake in relation to bladder cancer risk was examined by pooling individual-level data from 13 cohort studies, comprising 3203 cases among a total of 555,685 participants. Pooled multivariate hazard ratios (HRs), with corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CIs), were estimated using Cox proportional hazards regression models stratified by cohort for intakes of total vegetable, vegetable subtypes (i.e. non-starchy, starchy, green leafy and cruciferous vegetables) and individual vegetable types. In addition, a diet diversity score was used to assess the association of the varied types of vegetable intake on bladder cancer risk. Results The association between vegetable intake and bladder cancer risk differed by sex (P-interaction = 0.011) and smoking status (P-interaction = 0.038); therefore, analyses were stratified by sex and smoking status. With adjustment of age, sex, smoking, energy intake, ethnicity and other potential dietary factors, we found that higher intake of total and non-starchy vegetables were inversely associated with the risk of bladder cancer among women (comparing the highest with lowest intake tertile: HR = 0.79, 95% CI = 0.64-0.98, P = 0.037 for trend, HR per 1 SD increment = 0.89, 95% CI = 0.81-0.99; HR = 0.78, 95% CI = 0.63-0.97, P = 0.034 for trend, HR per 1 SD increment = 0.88, 95% CI = 0.79-0.98, respectively). However, no evidence of association was observed among men, and the intake of vegetable was not found to be associated with bladder cancer when stratified by smoking status. Moreover, we found no evidence of association for diet diversity with bladder cancer risk. Conclusion Higher intakes of total and non-starchy vegetable are associated with reduced risk of bladder cancer for women. Further studies are needed to clarify whether these results reflect causal processes and potential underlying mechanisms.

KW - Bladder cancer

KW - Vegetable

KW - Dietary diversity analysis

KW - Cohort study

U2 - 10.1186/s12916-021-01931-8

DO - 10.1186/s12916-021-01931-8

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 33685459

VL - 19

JO - B M C Medicine

JF - B M C Medicine

SN - 1741-7015

IS - 1

M1 - 56

ER -

ID: 259010295