Telomere length and genotoxicity in the lung of rats following intragastric exposure to food-grade titanium dioxide and vegetable carbon particles

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Telomere length and genotoxicity in the lung of rats following intragastric exposure to food-grade titanium dioxide and vegetable carbon particles. / Jensen, Ditte Marie; Løhr, Mille; Sheykhzade, Majid; Lykkesfeldt, Jens; Wils, Regitze Sølling; Loft, Steffen; Møller, Peter.

In: Mutagenesis, Vol. 34, No. 2, 2019, p. 203-214.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Jensen, DM, Løhr, M, Sheykhzade, M, Lykkesfeldt, J, Wils, RS, Loft, S & Møller, P 2019, 'Telomere length and genotoxicity in the lung of rats following intragastric exposure to food-grade titanium dioxide and vegetable carbon particles', Mutagenesis, vol. 34, no. 2, pp. 203-214. https://doi.org/10.1093/mutage/gez003

APA

Jensen, D. M., Løhr, M., Sheykhzade, M., Lykkesfeldt, J., Wils, R. S., Loft, S., & Møller, P. (2019). Telomere length and genotoxicity in the lung of rats following intragastric exposure to food-grade titanium dioxide and vegetable carbon particles. Mutagenesis, 34(2), 203-214. https://doi.org/10.1093/mutage/gez003

Vancouver

Jensen DM, Løhr M, Sheykhzade M, Lykkesfeldt J, Wils RS, Loft S et al. Telomere length and genotoxicity in the lung of rats following intragastric exposure to food-grade titanium dioxide and vegetable carbon particles. Mutagenesis. 2019;34(2):203-214. https://doi.org/10.1093/mutage/gez003

Author

Jensen, Ditte Marie ; Løhr, Mille ; Sheykhzade, Majid ; Lykkesfeldt, Jens ; Wils, Regitze Sølling ; Loft, Steffen ; Møller, Peter. / Telomere length and genotoxicity in the lung of rats following intragastric exposure to food-grade titanium dioxide and vegetable carbon particles. In: Mutagenesis. 2019 ; Vol. 34, No. 2. pp. 203-214.

Bibtex

@article{dfc9d90eb6b447fe8cda83c8415155a8,
title = "Telomere length and genotoxicity in the lung of rats following intragastric exposure to food-grade titanium dioxide and vegetable carbon particles",
abstract = "Vegetable carbon (E153) and titanium dioxide (E171) are widely used as black and white food colour additives. The aim of this study was to assess gastrointestinal tight junction and systemic genotoxic effects in rats following exposure to E153 and E171 for 10 weeks by oral gavage once a week. The expression of tight junction proteins was assessed in intestinal tissues. Levels of DNA strand breaks, oxidatively damaged DNA and telomere length were assessed in secondary organs. Hydrodynamic suspensions of E153 and E173 indicated mean particles sizes of 230 and 270 nm, respectively, and only E153 gave rise to intracellular production of reactive oxygen species in colon epithelial (Caco-2) cells. Rats exposed to E153 (6.4 mg/kg/week) or E171 (500 mg/kg/week) had decreased gene expression of the tight junction protein TJP1 (P < 0.05). E153 (6.4 mg/kg/week) also decreased OCLN (P < 0.05) in the colon and occludin protein expression in the small intestine (P < 0.05). Furthermore, E153 or E171 exposed rats had shorter telomeres in the lung (P < 0.05). Plasma from particle-exposed rats also produced telomere shortening in cultured lung epithelial cells. There were unaltered levels of oxidatively damaged DNA in the liver and lung and no changes in the DNA repair activity of oxidatively damaged DNA in the lung. Altogether, these results indicate that intragastric exposure to E153 and E171 is associated with reduced tight junction protein expression in the intestinal barrier and telomere length shortening in the lung in rats.",
author = "Jensen, {Ditte Marie} and Mille L{\o}hr and Majid Sheykhzade and Jens Lykkesfeldt and Wils, {Regitze S{\o}lling} and Steffen Loft and Peter M{\o}ller",
note = "{\circledC} The Author(s) 2019. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the UK Environmental Mutagen Society.",
year = "2019",
doi = "10.1093/mutage/gez003",
language = "English",
volume = "34",
pages = "203--214",
journal = "Mutagenesis",
issn = "0267-8357",
publisher = "Oxford University Press",
number = "2",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Telomere length and genotoxicity in the lung of rats following intragastric exposure to food-grade titanium dioxide and vegetable carbon particles

AU - Jensen, Ditte Marie

AU - Løhr, Mille

AU - Sheykhzade, Majid

AU - Lykkesfeldt, Jens

AU - Wils, Regitze Sølling

AU - Loft, Steffen

AU - Møller, Peter

N1 - © The Author(s) 2019. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the UK Environmental Mutagen Society.

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - Vegetable carbon (E153) and titanium dioxide (E171) are widely used as black and white food colour additives. The aim of this study was to assess gastrointestinal tight junction and systemic genotoxic effects in rats following exposure to E153 and E171 for 10 weeks by oral gavage once a week. The expression of tight junction proteins was assessed in intestinal tissues. Levels of DNA strand breaks, oxidatively damaged DNA and telomere length were assessed in secondary organs. Hydrodynamic suspensions of E153 and E173 indicated mean particles sizes of 230 and 270 nm, respectively, and only E153 gave rise to intracellular production of reactive oxygen species in colon epithelial (Caco-2) cells. Rats exposed to E153 (6.4 mg/kg/week) or E171 (500 mg/kg/week) had decreased gene expression of the tight junction protein TJP1 (P < 0.05). E153 (6.4 mg/kg/week) also decreased OCLN (P < 0.05) in the colon and occludin protein expression in the small intestine (P < 0.05). Furthermore, E153 or E171 exposed rats had shorter telomeres in the lung (P < 0.05). Plasma from particle-exposed rats also produced telomere shortening in cultured lung epithelial cells. There were unaltered levels of oxidatively damaged DNA in the liver and lung and no changes in the DNA repair activity of oxidatively damaged DNA in the lung. Altogether, these results indicate that intragastric exposure to E153 and E171 is associated with reduced tight junction protein expression in the intestinal barrier and telomere length shortening in the lung in rats.

AB - Vegetable carbon (E153) and titanium dioxide (E171) are widely used as black and white food colour additives. The aim of this study was to assess gastrointestinal tight junction and systemic genotoxic effects in rats following exposure to E153 and E171 for 10 weeks by oral gavage once a week. The expression of tight junction proteins was assessed in intestinal tissues. Levels of DNA strand breaks, oxidatively damaged DNA and telomere length were assessed in secondary organs. Hydrodynamic suspensions of E153 and E173 indicated mean particles sizes of 230 and 270 nm, respectively, and only E153 gave rise to intracellular production of reactive oxygen species in colon epithelial (Caco-2) cells. Rats exposed to E153 (6.4 mg/kg/week) or E171 (500 mg/kg/week) had decreased gene expression of the tight junction protein TJP1 (P < 0.05). E153 (6.4 mg/kg/week) also decreased OCLN (P < 0.05) in the colon and occludin protein expression in the small intestine (P < 0.05). Furthermore, E153 or E171 exposed rats had shorter telomeres in the lung (P < 0.05). Plasma from particle-exposed rats also produced telomere shortening in cultured lung epithelial cells. There were unaltered levels of oxidatively damaged DNA in the liver and lung and no changes in the DNA repair activity of oxidatively damaged DNA in the lung. Altogether, these results indicate that intragastric exposure to E153 and E171 is associated with reduced tight junction protein expression in the intestinal barrier and telomere length shortening in the lung in rats.

U2 - 10.1093/mutage/gez003

DO - 10.1093/mutage/gez003

M3 - Journal article

VL - 34

SP - 203

EP - 214

JO - Mutagenesis

JF - Mutagenesis

SN - 0267-8357

IS - 2

ER -

ID: 214704436