Vasomotor function in rat arteries after ex vivo and intragastric exposure to food-grade titanium dioxide and vegetable carbon particles

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Vasomotor function in rat arteries after ex vivo and intragastric exposure to food-grade titanium dioxide and vegetable carbon particles. / Jensen, Ditte Marie; Christophersen, Daniel Vest; Sheykhzade, Majid; Skovsted, Gry Freja; Lykkesfeldt, Jens; Münter, Rasmus; Roursgaard, Martin; Loft, Steffen; Møller, Peter.

In: Particle and Fibre Toxicology, Vol. 15, 12, 26.02.2018, p. 1-18.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Jensen, DM, Christophersen, DV, Sheykhzade, M, Skovsted, GF, Lykkesfeldt, J, Münter, R, Roursgaard, M, Loft, S & Møller, P 2018, 'Vasomotor function in rat arteries after ex vivo and intragastric exposure to food-grade titanium dioxide and vegetable carbon particles', Particle and Fibre Toxicology, vol. 15, 12, pp. 1-18. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12989-018-0248-2

APA

Jensen, D. M., Christophersen, D. V., Sheykhzade, M., Skovsted, G. F., Lykkesfeldt, J., Münter, R., ... Møller, P. (2018). Vasomotor function in rat arteries after ex vivo and intragastric exposure to food-grade titanium dioxide and vegetable carbon particles. Particle and Fibre Toxicology, 15, 1-18. [12]. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12989-018-0248-2

Vancouver

Jensen DM, Christophersen DV, Sheykhzade M, Skovsted GF, Lykkesfeldt J, Münter R et al. Vasomotor function in rat arteries after ex vivo and intragastric exposure to food-grade titanium dioxide and vegetable carbon particles. Particle and Fibre Toxicology. 2018 Feb 26;15:1-18. 12. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12989-018-0248-2

Author

Jensen, Ditte Marie ; Christophersen, Daniel Vest ; Sheykhzade, Majid ; Skovsted, Gry Freja ; Lykkesfeldt, Jens ; Münter, Rasmus ; Roursgaard, Martin ; Loft, Steffen ; Møller, Peter. / Vasomotor function in rat arteries after ex vivo and intragastric exposure to food-grade titanium dioxide and vegetable carbon particles. In: Particle and Fibre Toxicology. 2018 ; Vol. 15. pp. 1-18.

Bibtex

@article{d5cb1e9ce0a7415eae35c7579c8dc8c7,
title = "Vasomotor function in rat arteries after ex vivo and intragastric exposure to food-grade titanium dioxide and vegetable carbon particles",
abstract = "BACKGROUND: Humans are continuously exposed to particles in the gastrointestinal tract. Exposure may occur directly through ingestion of particles via food or indirectly by removal of inhaled material from the airways by the mucociliary clearance system. We examined the effects of food-grade particle exposure on vasomotor function and systemic oxidative stress in an ex vivo study and intragastrically exposed rats.METHODS: In an ex vivo study, aorta rings from na{\"i}ve Sprague-Dawley rats were exposed for 30 min to food-grade TiO2(E171), benchmark TiO2(Aeroxide P25), food-grade vegetable carbon (E153) or benchmark carbon black (Printex 90). Subsequently, the vasomotor function was assessed in wire myographs. In an in vivo study, lean Zucker rats were exposed intragastrically once a week for 10 weeks to vehicle, E171 or E153. Doses were comparable to human daily intake. Vasomotor function in the coronary arteries and aorta was assessed using wire myographs. Tetrahydrobiopterin, ascorbate, malondialdehyde and asymmetric dimethylarginine were measured in blood as markers of oxidative stress and vascular function.RESULTS: Direct exposure of E171 to aorta rings ex vivo increased the acetylcholine-induced vasorelaxation and 5-hydroxytryptamine-induced vasocontraction. E153 only increased acetylcholine-induced vasorelaxation, and Printex 90 increased the 5-hydroxytryptamine-induced vasocontraction, whereas Aeroxide P25 did not affect the vasomotor function. In vivo exposure showed similar results as ex vivo exposure; increased acetylcholine-induced vasorelaxation in coronary artery segments of E153 and E171 exposed rats, whereas E171 exposure altered 5-hydroxytryptamine-induced vasocontraction in distal coronary artery segments. Plasma levels of markers of oxidative stress and vascular function showed no differences between groups.CONCLUSION: Gastrointestinal tract exposure to E171 and E153 was associated with modest albeit statistically significant alterations in the vasocontraction and vasorelaxation responses. Direct particle exposure to aorta rings elicited a similar type of response. The vasomotor responses were not related to biomarkers of systemic oxidative stress.",
author = "Jensen, {Ditte Marie} and Christophersen, {Daniel Vest} and Majid Sheykhzade and Skovsted, {Gry Freja} and Jens Lykkesfeldt and Rasmus M{\"u}nter and Martin Roursgaard and Steffen Loft and Peter M{\o}ller",
year = "2018",
month = "2",
day = "26",
doi = "10.1186/s12989-018-0248-2",
language = "English",
volume = "15",
pages = "1--18",
journal = "Particle and Fibre Toxicology",
issn = "1743-8977",
publisher = "BioMed Central",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Vasomotor function in rat arteries after ex vivo and intragastric exposure to food-grade titanium dioxide and vegetable carbon particles

AU - Jensen, Ditte Marie

AU - Christophersen, Daniel Vest

AU - Sheykhzade, Majid

AU - Skovsted, Gry Freja

AU - Lykkesfeldt, Jens

AU - Münter, Rasmus

AU - Roursgaard, Martin

AU - Loft, Steffen

AU - Møller, Peter

PY - 2018/2/26

Y1 - 2018/2/26

N2 - BACKGROUND: Humans are continuously exposed to particles in the gastrointestinal tract. Exposure may occur directly through ingestion of particles via food or indirectly by removal of inhaled material from the airways by the mucociliary clearance system. We examined the effects of food-grade particle exposure on vasomotor function and systemic oxidative stress in an ex vivo study and intragastrically exposed rats.METHODS: In an ex vivo study, aorta rings from naïve Sprague-Dawley rats were exposed for 30 min to food-grade TiO2(E171), benchmark TiO2(Aeroxide P25), food-grade vegetable carbon (E153) or benchmark carbon black (Printex 90). Subsequently, the vasomotor function was assessed in wire myographs. In an in vivo study, lean Zucker rats were exposed intragastrically once a week for 10 weeks to vehicle, E171 or E153. Doses were comparable to human daily intake. Vasomotor function in the coronary arteries and aorta was assessed using wire myographs. Tetrahydrobiopterin, ascorbate, malondialdehyde and asymmetric dimethylarginine were measured in blood as markers of oxidative stress and vascular function.RESULTS: Direct exposure of E171 to aorta rings ex vivo increased the acetylcholine-induced vasorelaxation and 5-hydroxytryptamine-induced vasocontraction. E153 only increased acetylcholine-induced vasorelaxation, and Printex 90 increased the 5-hydroxytryptamine-induced vasocontraction, whereas Aeroxide P25 did not affect the vasomotor function. In vivo exposure showed similar results as ex vivo exposure; increased acetylcholine-induced vasorelaxation in coronary artery segments of E153 and E171 exposed rats, whereas E171 exposure altered 5-hydroxytryptamine-induced vasocontraction in distal coronary artery segments. Plasma levels of markers of oxidative stress and vascular function showed no differences between groups.CONCLUSION: Gastrointestinal tract exposure to E171 and E153 was associated with modest albeit statistically significant alterations in the vasocontraction and vasorelaxation responses. Direct particle exposure to aorta rings elicited a similar type of response. The vasomotor responses were not related to biomarkers of systemic oxidative stress.

AB - BACKGROUND: Humans are continuously exposed to particles in the gastrointestinal tract. Exposure may occur directly through ingestion of particles via food or indirectly by removal of inhaled material from the airways by the mucociliary clearance system. We examined the effects of food-grade particle exposure on vasomotor function and systemic oxidative stress in an ex vivo study and intragastrically exposed rats.METHODS: In an ex vivo study, aorta rings from naïve Sprague-Dawley rats were exposed for 30 min to food-grade TiO2(E171), benchmark TiO2(Aeroxide P25), food-grade vegetable carbon (E153) or benchmark carbon black (Printex 90). Subsequently, the vasomotor function was assessed in wire myographs. In an in vivo study, lean Zucker rats were exposed intragastrically once a week for 10 weeks to vehicle, E171 or E153. Doses were comparable to human daily intake. Vasomotor function in the coronary arteries and aorta was assessed using wire myographs. Tetrahydrobiopterin, ascorbate, malondialdehyde and asymmetric dimethylarginine were measured in blood as markers of oxidative stress and vascular function.RESULTS: Direct exposure of E171 to aorta rings ex vivo increased the acetylcholine-induced vasorelaxation and 5-hydroxytryptamine-induced vasocontraction. E153 only increased acetylcholine-induced vasorelaxation, and Printex 90 increased the 5-hydroxytryptamine-induced vasocontraction, whereas Aeroxide P25 did not affect the vasomotor function. In vivo exposure showed similar results as ex vivo exposure; increased acetylcholine-induced vasorelaxation in coronary artery segments of E153 and E171 exposed rats, whereas E171 exposure altered 5-hydroxytryptamine-induced vasocontraction in distal coronary artery segments. Plasma levels of markers of oxidative stress and vascular function showed no differences between groups.CONCLUSION: Gastrointestinal tract exposure to E171 and E153 was associated with modest albeit statistically significant alterations in the vasocontraction and vasorelaxation responses. Direct particle exposure to aorta rings elicited a similar type of response. The vasomotor responses were not related to biomarkers of systemic oxidative stress.

U2 - 10.1186/s12989-018-0248-2

DO - 10.1186/s12989-018-0248-2

M3 - Journal article

VL - 15

SP - 1

EP - 18

JO - Particle and Fibre Toxicology

JF - Particle and Fibre Toxicology

SN - 1743-8977

M1 - 12

ER -

ID: 191983766