Accessibility of fast food outlets is associated with fast food intake. A study in the Capital Region of Denmark
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Literature suggests that people living in areas with a wealth of unhealthy fast food options may show higher levels of fast food intake. Multilevel logistic regression analyses were applied to examine the association between GIS-located fast food outlets (FFOs) and self-reported fast food intake among adults (+ 16 years) in the Capital Region of Denmark (N = 48,305). Accessibility of FFOs was measured both as proximity (distance to nearest FFO) and density (number of FFOs within a 1km network buffer around home). Odds of fast food intake ≥ 1/week increased significantly with increasing FFO density and decreased significantly with increasing distance to the nearest FFO for distances ≤ 4km. For long distances (>4km), odds increased with increasing distance, although this applied only for car owners. Results suggest that Danish health promotion strategies need to consider the contribution of the built environment to unhealthy eating.
|Journal||Health & Place|
|Number of pages||9|
|Publication status||Published - Nov 2017|
- Adolescent, Adult, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Cross-Sectional Studies, Denmark, Fast Foods, Feeding Behavior, Female, Geographic Information Systems, Health Surveys, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Residence Characteristics/statistics & numerical data, Restaurants, Socioeconomic Factors, Surveys and Questionnaires