Age and Sex Specific Trends in Incidence of Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis in Danish Birth Cohorts from 1992 to 2002: A Nationwide Register Linkage Study

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  • Isabel Cardoso
  • Peder Frederiksen
  • Ina Olmer Specht
  • Mina Nicole Handel
  • Fanney Thorsteinsdottir
  • Heitmann, Berit
  • Lars Erik Kristensen

This study reports age- and sex-specific incidence rates of juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) in complete Danish birth cohorts from 1992 through 2002. Data were obtained from the Danish registries. All persons born in Denmark, from 1992-2002, were followed from birth and until either the date of first diagnosis recording, death, emigration, 16th birthday or administrative censoring (17 May 2017), whichever came first. The number of incident JIA cases and its incidence rate (per 100,000 person-years) were calculated within sex and age group for each of the birth cohorts. A multiplicative Poisson regression model was used to analyze the variation in the incidence rates by age and year of birth for boys and girls separately. The overall incidence of JIA was 24.1 (23.6-24.5) per 100,000 person-years. The rate per 100,000 person-years was higher among girls (29.9 (29.2-30.7)) than among boys (18.5 (18.0-19.1)). There were no evident peaks for any age group at diagnosis for boys but for girls two small peaks appeared at ages 0-5 years and 12-15 years. This study showed that the incidence rates of JIA in Denmark were higher for girls than for boys and remained stable over the observed period for both sexes.

Original languageEnglish
Article number8331
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Volume18
Issue number16
Number of pages8
ISSN1661-7827
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021

    Research areas

  • incidence, juvenile idiopathic arthritis, epidemiology, Denmark, RHEUMATOID-ARTHRITIS, EPIDEMIOLOGY, PREVALENCE, POPULATION, ROCHESTER

ID: 278658624