Cardiobacterium hominis and Cardiobacterium valvarum: Two case stories with infective episodes in pacemaker treated patients

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Introduction: Cardiobacterium hominis and Cardiobacterium valvarum are well known, though rare, etiologic agents of infective endocarditis. Cardiac devices are increasingly implanted. Case Reports: Two cases of infective episodes in pacemaker (PM) treated patients with respectively C. hominis and C. valvarum are presented. In one case blood-culture bottles yielded growth of C. hominis at two episodes with two years apart. At the second episode a vegetation was recognized at the PM lead and the PM device and lead was removed. In the C. valvarum case, echocardiography revealed a bicuspid aortic valve with severe regurgitation and a more than 1 cm sized vegetation. Conclusion: The cases illustrate the diversity in disease severity by Cardiobacterium species. Careful follow up has to be performed in order not to overlook a relatively silent relapsing infection.

Original languageEnglish
JournalOpen Microbiology Journal
Pages (from-to)183-187
Number of pages5
Publication statusPublished - 2016

    Research areas

  • Antibiotic treatment, Cardiac device, Cardiobacterium hominis, Cardiobacterium valvarum, Infective endocarditis

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