Changes in job strain and subsequent weight gain: a longitudinal study, based on the Danish Nurse Cohort

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Changes in job strain and subsequent weight gain : a longitudinal study, based on the Danish Nurse Cohort. / Vesterlund, Gitte Kingo; Keller, Amélie Cléo; Heitmann, Berit Lilienthal.

In: Public Health Nutrition, Vol. 21, No. 6, 01.04.2018, p. 1131-1138.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Vesterlund, GK, Keller, AC & Heitmann, BL 2018, 'Changes in job strain and subsequent weight gain: a longitudinal study, based on the Danish Nurse Cohort', Public Health Nutrition, vol. 21, no. 6, pp. 1131-1138. https://doi.org/10.1017/S136898001700355X

APA

Vesterlund, G. K., Keller, A. C., & Heitmann, B. L. (2018). Changes in job strain and subsequent weight gain: a longitudinal study, based on the Danish Nurse Cohort. Public Health Nutrition, 21(6), 1131-1138. https://doi.org/10.1017/S136898001700355X

Vancouver

Vesterlund GK, Keller AC, Heitmann BL. Changes in job strain and subsequent weight gain: a longitudinal study, based on the Danish Nurse Cohort. Public Health Nutrition. 2018 Apr 1;21(6):1131-1138. https://doi.org/10.1017/S136898001700355X

Author

Vesterlund, Gitte Kingo ; Keller, Amélie Cléo ; Heitmann, Berit Lilienthal. / Changes in job strain and subsequent weight gain : a longitudinal study, based on the Danish Nurse Cohort. In: Public Health Nutrition. 2018 ; Vol. 21, No. 6. pp. 1131-1138.

Bibtex

@article{cffa9b8b49964930ac5546344b919d63,
title = "Changes in job strain and subsequent weight gain: a longitudinal study, based on the Danish Nurse Cohort",
abstract = "Objective: Obesity as well as job strain is increasing, and job strain might contribute to weight gain. The objective of the current study was to examine associations between longitudinal alterations in the components of job strain and subsequent weight gain. Design: The study was designed as a prospective cohort study with three questionnaire surveys enabling measurement of job-strain alterations over 6 years and subsequent measurements of weight gain after further 10 years of follow-up. ANCOVA and trend analyses were conducted. Job demands were measured as job busyness and speed, and control as amount of influence. Setting: Employed nurses in Denmark. Subjects: We included a sub-sample of 6188 female nurses from the Danish Nurse Cohort, which consisted of the nurses who participated in surveys in 1993, 1999 and 2009. Results: A linear trend in weight gain was seen in nurses who were often busy in 1999 between those who were rarely v. sometimes v. often busy in 1993 (P=0·03), with the largest weight gain in individuals with sustained high busyness in both years. Loss of influence between 1993 and 1999 was associated with larger subsequent weight gain than sustained high influence (P=0·003) or sustained low influence (P=0·02). For speed, no associations were found. Conclusions: Busyness, speed and influence differed in their relationship to subsequent weight gain. A decrease in job influence and a sustained burden of busyness were most strongly related to subsequent weight gain. Focus on job strain reduction and healthy diet is essential for public health.",
keywords = "Epidemiology, Job strain, Obesity, Psychological risk factors, Weight gain",
author = "Vesterlund, {Gitte Kingo} and Keller, {Am{\'e}lie Cl{\'e}o} and Heitmann, {Berit Lilienthal}",
year = "2018",
month = "4",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1017/S136898001700355X",
language = "English",
volume = "21",
pages = "1131--1138",
journal = "Public Health Nutrition",
issn = "1368-9800",
publisher = "Cambridge University Press",
number = "6",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Changes in job strain and subsequent weight gain

T2 - a longitudinal study, based on the Danish Nurse Cohort

AU - Vesterlund, Gitte Kingo

AU - Keller, Amélie Cléo

AU - Heitmann, Berit Lilienthal

PY - 2018/4/1

Y1 - 2018/4/1

N2 - Objective: Obesity as well as job strain is increasing, and job strain might contribute to weight gain. The objective of the current study was to examine associations between longitudinal alterations in the components of job strain and subsequent weight gain. Design: The study was designed as a prospective cohort study with three questionnaire surveys enabling measurement of job-strain alterations over 6 years and subsequent measurements of weight gain after further 10 years of follow-up. ANCOVA and trend analyses were conducted. Job demands were measured as job busyness and speed, and control as amount of influence. Setting: Employed nurses in Denmark. Subjects: We included a sub-sample of 6188 female nurses from the Danish Nurse Cohort, which consisted of the nurses who participated in surveys in 1993, 1999 and 2009. Results: A linear trend in weight gain was seen in nurses who were often busy in 1999 between those who were rarely v. sometimes v. often busy in 1993 (P=0·03), with the largest weight gain in individuals with sustained high busyness in both years. Loss of influence between 1993 and 1999 was associated with larger subsequent weight gain than sustained high influence (P=0·003) or sustained low influence (P=0·02). For speed, no associations were found. Conclusions: Busyness, speed and influence differed in their relationship to subsequent weight gain. A decrease in job influence and a sustained burden of busyness were most strongly related to subsequent weight gain. Focus on job strain reduction and healthy diet is essential for public health.

AB - Objective: Obesity as well as job strain is increasing, and job strain might contribute to weight gain. The objective of the current study was to examine associations between longitudinal alterations in the components of job strain and subsequent weight gain. Design: The study was designed as a prospective cohort study with three questionnaire surveys enabling measurement of job-strain alterations over 6 years and subsequent measurements of weight gain after further 10 years of follow-up. ANCOVA and trend analyses were conducted. Job demands were measured as job busyness and speed, and control as amount of influence. Setting: Employed nurses in Denmark. Subjects: We included a sub-sample of 6188 female nurses from the Danish Nurse Cohort, which consisted of the nurses who participated in surveys in 1993, 1999 and 2009. Results: A linear trend in weight gain was seen in nurses who were often busy in 1999 between those who were rarely v. sometimes v. often busy in 1993 (P=0·03), with the largest weight gain in individuals with sustained high busyness in both years. Loss of influence between 1993 and 1999 was associated with larger subsequent weight gain than sustained high influence (P=0·003) or sustained low influence (P=0·02). For speed, no associations were found. Conclusions: Busyness, speed and influence differed in their relationship to subsequent weight gain. A decrease in job influence and a sustained burden of busyness were most strongly related to subsequent weight gain. Focus on job strain reduction and healthy diet is essential for public health.

KW - Epidemiology

KW - Job strain

KW - Obesity

KW - Psychological risk factors

KW - Weight gain

U2 - 10.1017/S136898001700355X

DO - 10.1017/S136898001700355X

M3 - Journal article

VL - 21

SP - 1131

EP - 1138

JO - Public Health Nutrition

JF - Public Health Nutrition

SN - 1368-9800

IS - 6

ER -

ID: 189150589