Outcomes of patients calling emergency medical services for suspected acute cardiovascular disease

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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Outcomes of patients calling emergency medical services for suspected acute cardiovascular disease. / Schoos, Mikkel Malby; Sejersten, Maria Sejersten; Baber, Usman; Treschow, Philip Michael; Madsen, Mette; Hvelplund, Anders; Kelbæk, Henning; Mehran, Roxana; Clemmensen, Peter.

In: American Journal of Cardiology, Vol. 115, No. 1, 01.01.2015, p. 13-20.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Schoos, MM, Sejersten, MS, Baber, U, Treschow, PM, Madsen, M, Hvelplund, A, Kelbæk, H, Mehran, R & Clemmensen, P 2015, 'Outcomes of patients calling emergency medical services for suspected acute cardiovascular disease', American Journal of Cardiology, vol. 115, no. 1, pp. 13-20. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.amjcard.2014.09.042

APA

Schoos, M. M., Sejersten, M. S., Baber, U., Treschow, P. M., Madsen, M., Hvelplund, A., ... Clemmensen, P. (2015). Outcomes of patients calling emergency medical services for suspected acute cardiovascular disease. American Journal of Cardiology, 115(1), 13-20. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.amjcard.2014.09.042

Vancouver

Schoos MM, Sejersten MS, Baber U, Treschow PM, Madsen M, Hvelplund A et al. Outcomes of patients calling emergency medical services for suspected acute cardiovascular disease. American Journal of Cardiology. 2015 Jan 1;115(1):13-20. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.amjcard.2014.09.042

Author

Schoos, Mikkel Malby ; Sejersten, Maria Sejersten ; Baber, Usman ; Treschow, Philip Michael ; Madsen, Mette ; Hvelplund, Anders ; Kelbæk, Henning ; Mehran, Roxana ; Clemmensen, Peter. / Outcomes of patients calling emergency medical services for suspected acute cardiovascular disease. In: American Journal of Cardiology. 2015 ; Vol. 115, No. 1. pp. 13-20.

Bibtex

@article{97bbe16242d14f859d5a24b583576487,
title = "Outcomes of patients calling emergency medical services for suspected acute cardiovascular disease",
abstract = "Adequate health care is increasingly dependent on prehospital systems and cardiovascular (CV) disease remains the most common cause for hospital admission. However the prevalence of CV dispatches of emergency medical services (EMS) is not well reported and survival data described in clinical trials and registries are subject to selection biases. We aimed to describe the prevalence and prognosis of acute CV disease and the effect of invasive treatment, in an unselected and consecutive prehospital cohort of 3,410 patients calling the national emergency telephone number from 2005 to 2008 with follow-up in 2013. Individual-level data from national registries were linked to the dedicated EMS database of primary ambulance dispatches supported by physician-manned emergency units. Outcome data were obtained from the Central Population Registry, the National Patient Registry, and the National Registry of Causes of Death. In patients calling the national emergency telephone number, a CV related ambulance alarm code was given in 2,541 patients of 3,410 patients (74.5{\%}) resulting in 2,056 of 3,410 primary CV discharge diagnoses (60.3{\%}) with a 30-day and 5-year all-cause mortality of 24.5{\%} and 46.4{\%}, respectively. Stroke, acute heart failure, and ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) carried a 25- to 50-fold adjusted mortality hazard during the first 4 days. In patients with suspected STEMI, 90.5{\%} had an acute angiography performed. Nontransferred, nonreperfused patients with STEMI (9.1{\%}) carried 80{\%} short-term mortality. Noninvasive management of non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction was common (37.9{\%}) and associated with an increased adjusted long-term mortality hazard (hazard ratio 4.17 [2.51 to 8.08], p <0.001). Survival in 447 out-of-hospital cardiac arrest patients (13.1{\%}) was 11.6{\%} at 30 days. In conclusion, patients with a CV ambulance alarm call code and a final CV discharge diagnosis constitute most patients handled by EMS with an extremely elevated short-term mortality hazard and a poor long-term prognosis. Although co-morbidities and frailty may influence triage, this study emphasizes the need for an efficient prehospital phase with focus on CV disease and proper triage of patients suitable for invasive evaluation if the outcomes of acute heart disease are to be improved further in the current international context of hospitals merging into highly specialized entities resulting in longer patient transfers.",
keywords = "Acute Disease, Aged, Cardiovascular Diseases, Denmark, Electrocardiography, Emergency Medical Services, Female, Hospitalization, Humans, Incidence, Male, Middle Aged, Prevalence, Prognosis, Registries",
author = "Schoos, {Mikkel Malby} and Sejersten, {Maria Sejersten} and Usman Baber and Treschow, {Philip Michael} and Mette Madsen and Anders Hvelplund and Henning Kelb{\ae}k and Roxana Mehran and Peter Clemmensen",
note = "Copyright {\circledC} 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.",
year = "2015",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.amjcard.2014.09.042",
language = "English",
volume = "115",
pages = "13--20",
journal = "Am. J. Cardiol.",
issn = "0002-9149",
publisher = "Elsevier",
number = "1",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Outcomes of patients calling emergency medical services for suspected acute cardiovascular disease

AU - Schoos, Mikkel Malby

AU - Sejersten, Maria Sejersten

AU - Baber, Usman

AU - Treschow, Philip Michael

AU - Madsen, Mette

AU - Hvelplund, Anders

AU - Kelbæk, Henning

AU - Mehran, Roxana

AU - Clemmensen, Peter

N1 - Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

PY - 2015/1/1

Y1 - 2015/1/1

N2 - Adequate health care is increasingly dependent on prehospital systems and cardiovascular (CV) disease remains the most common cause for hospital admission. However the prevalence of CV dispatches of emergency medical services (EMS) is not well reported and survival data described in clinical trials and registries are subject to selection biases. We aimed to describe the prevalence and prognosis of acute CV disease and the effect of invasive treatment, in an unselected and consecutive prehospital cohort of 3,410 patients calling the national emergency telephone number from 2005 to 2008 with follow-up in 2013. Individual-level data from national registries were linked to the dedicated EMS database of primary ambulance dispatches supported by physician-manned emergency units. Outcome data were obtained from the Central Population Registry, the National Patient Registry, and the National Registry of Causes of Death. In patients calling the national emergency telephone number, a CV related ambulance alarm code was given in 2,541 patients of 3,410 patients (74.5%) resulting in 2,056 of 3,410 primary CV discharge diagnoses (60.3%) with a 30-day and 5-year all-cause mortality of 24.5% and 46.4%, respectively. Stroke, acute heart failure, and ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) carried a 25- to 50-fold adjusted mortality hazard during the first 4 days. In patients with suspected STEMI, 90.5% had an acute angiography performed. Nontransferred, nonreperfused patients with STEMI (9.1%) carried 80% short-term mortality. Noninvasive management of non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction was common (37.9%) and associated with an increased adjusted long-term mortality hazard (hazard ratio 4.17 [2.51 to 8.08], p <0.001). Survival in 447 out-of-hospital cardiac arrest patients (13.1%) was 11.6% at 30 days. In conclusion, patients with a CV ambulance alarm call code and a final CV discharge diagnosis constitute most patients handled by EMS with an extremely elevated short-term mortality hazard and a poor long-term prognosis. Although co-morbidities and frailty may influence triage, this study emphasizes the need for an efficient prehospital phase with focus on CV disease and proper triage of patients suitable for invasive evaluation if the outcomes of acute heart disease are to be improved further in the current international context of hospitals merging into highly specialized entities resulting in longer patient transfers.

AB - Adequate health care is increasingly dependent on prehospital systems and cardiovascular (CV) disease remains the most common cause for hospital admission. However the prevalence of CV dispatches of emergency medical services (EMS) is not well reported and survival data described in clinical trials and registries are subject to selection biases. We aimed to describe the prevalence and prognosis of acute CV disease and the effect of invasive treatment, in an unselected and consecutive prehospital cohort of 3,410 patients calling the national emergency telephone number from 2005 to 2008 with follow-up in 2013. Individual-level data from national registries were linked to the dedicated EMS database of primary ambulance dispatches supported by physician-manned emergency units. Outcome data were obtained from the Central Population Registry, the National Patient Registry, and the National Registry of Causes of Death. In patients calling the national emergency telephone number, a CV related ambulance alarm code was given in 2,541 patients of 3,410 patients (74.5%) resulting in 2,056 of 3,410 primary CV discharge diagnoses (60.3%) with a 30-day and 5-year all-cause mortality of 24.5% and 46.4%, respectively. Stroke, acute heart failure, and ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) carried a 25- to 50-fold adjusted mortality hazard during the first 4 days. In patients with suspected STEMI, 90.5% had an acute angiography performed. Nontransferred, nonreperfused patients with STEMI (9.1%) carried 80% short-term mortality. Noninvasive management of non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction was common (37.9%) and associated with an increased adjusted long-term mortality hazard (hazard ratio 4.17 [2.51 to 8.08], p <0.001). Survival in 447 out-of-hospital cardiac arrest patients (13.1%) was 11.6% at 30 days. In conclusion, patients with a CV ambulance alarm call code and a final CV discharge diagnosis constitute most patients handled by EMS with an extremely elevated short-term mortality hazard and a poor long-term prognosis. Although co-morbidities and frailty may influence triage, this study emphasizes the need for an efficient prehospital phase with focus on CV disease and proper triage of patients suitable for invasive evaluation if the outcomes of acute heart disease are to be improved further in the current international context of hospitals merging into highly specialized entities resulting in longer patient transfers.

KW - Acute Disease

KW - Aged

KW - Cardiovascular Diseases

KW - Denmark

KW - Electrocardiography

KW - Emergency Medical Services

KW - Female

KW - Hospitalization

KW - Humans

KW - Incidence

KW - Male

KW - Middle Aged

KW - Prevalence

KW - Prognosis

KW - Registries

U2 - 10.1016/j.amjcard.2014.09.042

DO - 10.1016/j.amjcard.2014.09.042

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 25456866

VL - 115

SP - 13

EP - 20

JO - Am. J. Cardiol.

JF - Am. J. Cardiol.

SN - 0002-9149

IS - 1

ER -

ID: 135484548