Psychosocial consequences of cancer screening - development and validation of a questionnaire

Research output: Contribution to journalConference abstract in journalResearch

Objective: The objective of this study was to extend the Consequences of
Screening (COS) Questionnaire for use in a lung cancer screening by testing
for comprehension, content coverage, dimensionality, and reliability.
Methods: In interviews, the suitability, content coverage, and relevance of
the COS were tested on participants in a lung cancer screening program.
The results were thematically analyzed to identify the key consequences of
abnormal and false-positive screening results. Item Response Theory and
Classical Test Theory were used to analyze data. Dimensionality, objectivity,
and reliability were established by item analysis, examining the fit
between item responses and Rasch models.
Results: Eight themes specifically relevant for participants in lung cancer
screening results were identified: “self-blame,” “focus on symptoms,”
“stigmatization,” “introvert,” “harm of smoking,” “impulsivity,”
“empathy,” and “regretful of still smoking.” Altogether, 26 new items for
part I and 16 new items for part II were generated.These themes were
confirmed to fit a partial-credit Rasch model measuring different constructs
including several of the new items.
Conclusion: In conclusion, the reliability and the dimensionality of a
condition-specific measure with high content validity for persons having
abnormal or false-positive lung cancer screening results have been demonstrated.
This new questionnaire called Consequences of Screening in Lung
Cancer (COS-LC) covers in two parts the psychosocial experience in lung
cancer screening. Part I: “anxiety,” “behavior,” “dejection,” “sleep,” “selfblame,”
“focus on airway symptoms,” “stigmatization,” “introvert,” and
“harm of smoking.” Part II: “calm/relax,” “social network,” “existential
values,” “impulsivity,” “empathy,” and “regretful of still smoking.”
Keywords: lung cancer, psychometrics, public health, questionnaire development,
secondary prevention.
Original languageEnglish
JournalValue in Health
Issue number5
Pages (from-to)601-612
Number of pages12
Publication statusPublished - 2010
EventInternational Cancer Screening Network - Oxford, United Kingdom
Duration: 23 Jun 201025 Jun 2010


ConferenceInternational Cancer Screening Network
CountryUnited Kingdom

ID: 33844675