The impact of HPV vaccination on future cervical screening: a simulation study of two birth cohorts in Denmark

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The impact of HPV vaccination on future cervical screening : a simulation study of two birth cohorts in Denmark. / Hestbech, Mie Sara; Lynge, Elsebeth; Kragstrup, Jakob; Siersma, Volkert; Vazquez-Prada Baillet, Miguel; Brodersen, John.

In: B M J Open, Vol. 5, No. 8, e007921, 14.08.2015, p. 1-7.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Hestbech, MS, Lynge, E, Kragstrup, J, Siersma, V, Vazquez-Prada Baillet, M & Brodersen, J 2015, 'The impact of HPV vaccination on future cervical screening: a simulation study of two birth cohorts in Denmark', B M J Open, vol. 5, no. 8, e007921, pp. 1-7. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2015-007921

APA

Hestbech, M. S., Lynge, E., Kragstrup, J., Siersma, V., Vazquez-Prada Baillet, M., & Brodersen, J. (2015). The impact of HPV vaccination on future cervical screening: a simulation study of two birth cohorts in Denmark. B M J Open, 5(8), 1-7. [e007921]. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2015-007921

Vancouver

Hestbech MS, Lynge E, Kragstrup J, Siersma V, Vazquez-Prada Baillet M, Brodersen J. The impact of HPV vaccination on future cervical screening: a simulation study of two birth cohorts in Denmark. B M J Open. 2015 Aug 14;5(8):1-7. e007921. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2015-007921

Author

Hestbech, Mie Sara ; Lynge, Elsebeth ; Kragstrup, Jakob ; Siersma, Volkert ; Vazquez-Prada Baillet, Miguel ; Brodersen, John. / The impact of HPV vaccination on future cervical screening : a simulation study of two birth cohorts in Denmark. In: B M J Open. 2015 ; Vol. 5, No. 8. pp. 1-7.

Bibtex

@article{11da82817baa4dc8b32b3b728825b0f7,
title = "The impact of HPV vaccination on future cervical screening: a simulation study of two birth cohorts in Denmark",
abstract = "OBJECTIVES: To explore the interplay between primary and secondary prevention of cervical cancer by estimating future screening outcomes in women offered human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination when they were sexually na{\"i}ve.DESIGN: Estimation of outcome of liquid-based cytology screening for a post-HPV vaccination cohort using pre-vaccination screening data combined with HPV vaccination efficacy data reported in the literature.SETTING: Denmark.DATA: The number of screening diagnoses at first screen in a pre-vaccination birth cohort was multiplied by reported risk reductions expected for women who were vaccinated for HPV before sexual debut. All identified studies were reviewed by two authors, and weighted pooled estimates of vaccine efficacies were used.MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Proportions of positive and false-positive cervical cytologies and positive predictive value (PPV) were calculated using cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) grade 2+ and 3+ as cut-off values.RESULTS: The proportion of positive screening tests was reduced from 8.7% before vaccination to 6.5% after vaccination, and the proportion of false-positive screening tests using CIN2+ as a cut-off was reduced from 5.5% pre-vaccination to 4.3% post-vaccination, and using CIN3+ as a cut-off from 6.2% to 4.7%. PPVs were reduced from 23% to 19% (cut-off CIN2+), and from 14% to 12% (cut-off CIN3+).CONCLUSIONS: In our calculations, the proportion of positive screening results with liquid-based cytology will be reduced as a consequence of HPV vaccination, but the reduction is small, and the expected decline in PPV is very limited. In this situation, the information general practitioners will have to provide to their patients will be largely unchanged.",
author = "Hestbech, {Mie Sara} and Elsebeth Lynge and Jakob Kragstrup and Volkert Siersma and {Vazquez-Prada Baillet}, Miguel and John Brodersen",
note = "Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to http://group.bmj.com/group/rights-licensing/permissions.",
year = "2015",
month = aug,
day = "14",
doi = "10.1136/bmjopen-2015-007921",
language = "English",
volume = "5",
pages = "1--7",
journal = "B M J Open",
issn = "2044-6055",
publisher = "BMJ Publishing Group",
number = "8",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - The impact of HPV vaccination on future cervical screening

T2 - a simulation study of two birth cohorts in Denmark

AU - Hestbech, Mie Sara

AU - Lynge, Elsebeth

AU - Kragstrup, Jakob

AU - Siersma, Volkert

AU - Vazquez-Prada Baillet, Miguel

AU - Brodersen, John

N1 - Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to http://group.bmj.com/group/rights-licensing/permissions.

PY - 2015/8/14

Y1 - 2015/8/14

N2 - OBJECTIVES: To explore the interplay between primary and secondary prevention of cervical cancer by estimating future screening outcomes in women offered human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination when they were sexually naïve.DESIGN: Estimation of outcome of liquid-based cytology screening for a post-HPV vaccination cohort using pre-vaccination screening data combined with HPV vaccination efficacy data reported in the literature.SETTING: Denmark.DATA: The number of screening diagnoses at first screen in a pre-vaccination birth cohort was multiplied by reported risk reductions expected for women who were vaccinated for HPV before sexual debut. All identified studies were reviewed by two authors, and weighted pooled estimates of vaccine efficacies were used.MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Proportions of positive and false-positive cervical cytologies and positive predictive value (PPV) were calculated using cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) grade 2+ and 3+ as cut-off values.RESULTS: The proportion of positive screening tests was reduced from 8.7% before vaccination to 6.5% after vaccination, and the proportion of false-positive screening tests using CIN2+ as a cut-off was reduced from 5.5% pre-vaccination to 4.3% post-vaccination, and using CIN3+ as a cut-off from 6.2% to 4.7%. PPVs were reduced from 23% to 19% (cut-off CIN2+), and from 14% to 12% (cut-off CIN3+).CONCLUSIONS: In our calculations, the proportion of positive screening results with liquid-based cytology will be reduced as a consequence of HPV vaccination, but the reduction is small, and the expected decline in PPV is very limited. In this situation, the information general practitioners will have to provide to their patients will be largely unchanged.

AB - OBJECTIVES: To explore the interplay between primary and secondary prevention of cervical cancer by estimating future screening outcomes in women offered human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination when they were sexually naïve.DESIGN: Estimation of outcome of liquid-based cytology screening for a post-HPV vaccination cohort using pre-vaccination screening data combined with HPV vaccination efficacy data reported in the literature.SETTING: Denmark.DATA: The number of screening diagnoses at first screen in a pre-vaccination birth cohort was multiplied by reported risk reductions expected for women who were vaccinated for HPV before sexual debut. All identified studies were reviewed by two authors, and weighted pooled estimates of vaccine efficacies were used.MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Proportions of positive and false-positive cervical cytologies and positive predictive value (PPV) were calculated using cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) grade 2+ and 3+ as cut-off values.RESULTS: The proportion of positive screening tests was reduced from 8.7% before vaccination to 6.5% after vaccination, and the proportion of false-positive screening tests using CIN2+ as a cut-off was reduced from 5.5% pre-vaccination to 4.3% post-vaccination, and using CIN3+ as a cut-off from 6.2% to 4.7%. PPVs were reduced from 23% to 19% (cut-off CIN2+), and from 14% to 12% (cut-off CIN3+).CONCLUSIONS: In our calculations, the proportion of positive screening results with liquid-based cytology will be reduced as a consequence of HPV vaccination, but the reduction is small, and the expected decline in PPV is very limited. In this situation, the information general practitioners will have to provide to their patients will be largely unchanged.

U2 - 10.1136/bmjopen-2015-007921

DO - 10.1136/bmjopen-2015-007921

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 26275901

VL - 5

SP - 1

EP - 7

JO - B M J Open

JF - B M J Open

SN - 2044-6055

IS - 8

M1 - e007921

ER -

ID: 144571014