Understanding the body-mind in primary care

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Standard

Understanding the body-mind in primary care. / Davidsen, Annette Sofie; Guassora, Ann Dorrit; Reventlow, Susanne.

In: Medicine, Healthcare and Philosophy, Vol. 19, No. 4, 12.2016, p. 581-594.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Davidsen, AS, Guassora, AD & Reventlow, S 2016, 'Understanding the body-mind in primary care', Medicine, Healthcare and Philosophy, vol. 19, no. 4, pp. 581-594. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11019-016-9710-9

APA

Davidsen, A. S., Guassora, A. D., & Reventlow, S. (2016). Understanding the body-mind in primary care. Medicine, Healthcare and Philosophy, 19(4), 581-594. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11019-016-9710-9

Vancouver

Davidsen AS, Guassora AD, Reventlow S. Understanding the body-mind in primary care. Medicine, Healthcare and Philosophy. 2016 Dec;19(4):581-594. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11019-016-9710-9

Author

Davidsen, Annette Sofie ; Guassora, Ann Dorrit ; Reventlow, Susanne. / Understanding the body-mind in primary care. In: Medicine, Healthcare and Philosophy. 2016 ; Vol. 19, No. 4. pp. 581-594.

Bibtex

@article{54e66910400b498299abdd6501d8c770,
title = "Understanding the body-mind in primary care",
abstract = "Patients{\textquoteright} experience of symptoms does not follow the body–mind divide that characterizes the classification of disease in the health care system. Therefore, understanding patients in their entirety rather than in parts demands a different theoretical approach. Attempts have been made to formulate such approaches but many of these, such as the biopsychosocial model, are still basically dualistic or methodologically reductionist. In primary care, patients often present with diffuse symptoms, making primary care the ideal environment for understanding patients{\textquoteright} undifferentiated symptoms and disease patterns which could readily fit both bodily and mental categories. In this article we discuss theoretical models that have attempted to overcome this challenge: The psychosomatic approach could be called holistic in the sense of taking an anti-dualistic stance. Primary care theorists have formulated integrative views but these have not gained a foothold in primary care medicine. McWhinney introduced a new metaphor, {\textquoteleft}the body–mind{\textquoteright}, and Rudebeck advocated cultivating {\textquoteleft}bodily empathy{\textquoteright}. These views have much in common with both phenomenological thinking and mentalization, a psychological concept for understanding others. In the process of understanding patients there is a need for the physician to enter an intersubjectivity that aims at understanding the patient{\textquoteright}s experiences and sensations without initially jumping to diagnostic conclusions or into a division into mental and physical phenomena. Mentalization theory could form the basis of an approach to a more comprehensive understanding of patients. The success of such an approach is, however, dependent upon structural and organizational conditions that do not counteract it.",
keywords = "Biopsychosocial, Embodiment, Mentalization, Patient-centeredness, Phenomenology, Psychosomatics",
author = "Davidsen, {Annette Sofie} and Guassora, {Ann Dorrit} and Susanne Reventlow",
year = "2016",
month = dec,
doi = "10.1007/s11019-016-9710-9",
language = "English",
volume = "19",
pages = "581--594",
journal = "Medicine, Healthcare and Philosophy",
issn = "1386-7423",
publisher = "Springer",
number = "4",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Understanding the body-mind in primary care

AU - Davidsen, Annette Sofie

AU - Guassora, Ann Dorrit

AU - Reventlow, Susanne

PY - 2016/12

Y1 - 2016/12

N2 - Patients’ experience of symptoms does not follow the body–mind divide that characterizes the classification of disease in the health care system. Therefore, understanding patients in their entirety rather than in parts demands a different theoretical approach. Attempts have been made to formulate such approaches but many of these, such as the biopsychosocial model, are still basically dualistic or methodologically reductionist. In primary care, patients often present with diffuse symptoms, making primary care the ideal environment for understanding patients’ undifferentiated symptoms and disease patterns which could readily fit both bodily and mental categories. In this article we discuss theoretical models that have attempted to overcome this challenge: The psychosomatic approach could be called holistic in the sense of taking an anti-dualistic stance. Primary care theorists have formulated integrative views but these have not gained a foothold in primary care medicine. McWhinney introduced a new metaphor, ‘the body–mind’, and Rudebeck advocated cultivating ‘bodily empathy’. These views have much in common with both phenomenological thinking and mentalization, a psychological concept for understanding others. In the process of understanding patients there is a need for the physician to enter an intersubjectivity that aims at understanding the patient’s experiences and sensations without initially jumping to diagnostic conclusions or into a division into mental and physical phenomena. Mentalization theory could form the basis of an approach to a more comprehensive understanding of patients. The success of such an approach is, however, dependent upon structural and organizational conditions that do not counteract it.

AB - Patients’ experience of symptoms does not follow the body–mind divide that characterizes the classification of disease in the health care system. Therefore, understanding patients in their entirety rather than in parts demands a different theoretical approach. Attempts have been made to formulate such approaches but many of these, such as the biopsychosocial model, are still basically dualistic or methodologically reductionist. In primary care, patients often present with diffuse symptoms, making primary care the ideal environment for understanding patients’ undifferentiated symptoms and disease patterns which could readily fit both bodily and mental categories. In this article we discuss theoretical models that have attempted to overcome this challenge: The psychosomatic approach could be called holistic in the sense of taking an anti-dualistic stance. Primary care theorists have formulated integrative views but these have not gained a foothold in primary care medicine. McWhinney introduced a new metaphor, ‘the body–mind’, and Rudebeck advocated cultivating ‘bodily empathy’. These views have much in common with both phenomenological thinking and mentalization, a psychological concept for understanding others. In the process of understanding patients there is a need for the physician to enter an intersubjectivity that aims at understanding the patient’s experiences and sensations without initially jumping to diagnostic conclusions or into a division into mental and physical phenomena. Mentalization theory could form the basis of an approach to a more comprehensive understanding of patients. The success of such an approach is, however, dependent upon structural and organizational conditions that do not counteract it.

KW - Biopsychosocial

KW - Embodiment

KW - Mentalization

KW - Patient-centeredness

KW - Phenomenology

KW - Psychosomatics

U2 - 10.1007/s11019-016-9710-9

DO - 10.1007/s11019-016-9710-9

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 27222043

VL - 19

SP - 581

EP - 594

JO - Medicine, Healthcare and Philosophy

JF - Medicine, Healthcare and Philosophy

SN - 1386-7423

IS - 4

ER -

ID: 169434209