Violence is Rare in Autism: When It Does Occur, Is It Sometimes Extreme?

Research output: Contribution to journalReviewResearchpeer-review

Standard

Violence is Rare in Autism : When It Does Occur, Is It Sometimes Extreme? / Allely, C S; Wilson, P; Minnis, H; Thompson, L; Yaksic, E; Gillberg, C.

In: Journal of Psychology: Interdisciplinary and Applied, Vol. 151, No. 1, 2017, p. 49-68.

Research output: Contribution to journalReviewResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Allely, CS, Wilson, P, Minnis, H, Thompson, L, Yaksic, E & Gillberg, C 2017, 'Violence is Rare in Autism: When It Does Occur, Is It Sometimes Extreme?', Journal of Psychology: Interdisciplinary and Applied, vol. 151, no. 1, pp. 49-68. https://doi.org/10.1080/00223980.2016.1175998

APA

Allely, C. S., Wilson, P., Minnis, H., Thompson, L., Yaksic, E., & Gillberg, C. (2017). Violence is Rare in Autism: When It Does Occur, Is It Sometimes Extreme? Journal of Psychology: Interdisciplinary and Applied, 151(1), 49-68. https://doi.org/10.1080/00223980.2016.1175998

Vancouver

Allely CS, Wilson P, Minnis H, Thompson L, Yaksic E, Gillberg C. Violence is Rare in Autism: When It Does Occur, Is It Sometimes Extreme? Journal of Psychology: Interdisciplinary and Applied. 2017;151(1):49-68. https://doi.org/10.1080/00223980.2016.1175998

Author

Allely, C S ; Wilson, P ; Minnis, H ; Thompson, L ; Yaksic, E ; Gillberg, C. / Violence is Rare in Autism : When It Does Occur, Is It Sometimes Extreme?. In: Journal of Psychology: Interdisciplinary and Applied. 2017 ; Vol. 151, No. 1. pp. 49-68.

Bibtex

@article{6a73bb124f2a4aa7942db385eee3f688,
title = "Violence is Rare in Autism: When It Does Occur, Is It Sometimes Extreme?",
abstract = "A small body of literature has suggested that, rather than being more likely to engage in offending or violent behavior, individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) may actually have an increased risk of being the victim rather than the perpetrator of violence (Sobsey, Wells, Lucardie, & Mansell, 1995 ). There is no evidence that people with ASD are more violent than those without ASD (Im, 2016). There is nevertheless a small subgroup of individuals with ASD who exhibit violent offending behaviours and our previous work has suggested that other factors, such as adverse childhood experiences, might be important in this subgroup (Allely, Minnis, Thompson, Wilson, & Gillberg, 2014 ). Fitzgerald ( 2015 ) highlights that school shootings and mass killings are not uncommonly carried out by individuals with neurodevelopmental disorders, with frequent evidence of warning indicators. The aim of the present review is to investigate this in more detail using the 73 mass shooting events identified by Mother Jones (motherjones.com) in their database for potential ASD features. There are 73 mass shooting events but there are two events where there is a pair of shooters which meant that 75 mass shooter cases were investigated. This exercise tentatively suggests evidence of ASD in six of 75 included cases (8%) which is about eight times higher when compared to the prevalence of ASD found in the general population worldwide (motherjones.com). The 8% figure for individuals with ASD involved mass killings is a conservative estimate. In addition to the six cases which provide the 8% figure, there were 16 other cases with some indication of ASD. Crucially, ASD may influence, but does not cause, an individual to commit extreme violent acts such as a mass shooting episode.",
keywords = "Asperger Syndrome/diagnosis, Autism Spectrum Disorder/diagnosis, Crime Victims/psychology, Cross-Sectional Studies, Homicide/psychology, Humans, Male, Mental Disorders/diagnosis, Motivation, Risk Factors, United States, Violence/psychology, Wounds, Gunshot/epidemiology, Young Adult",
author = "Allely, {C S} and P Wilson and H Minnis and L Thompson and E Yaksic and C Gillberg",
year = "2017",
doi = "10.1080/00223980.2016.1175998",
language = "English",
volume = "151",
pages = "49--68",
journal = "Journal of Psychology: Interdisciplinary and Applied",
issn = "0022-3980",
publisher = "Routledge",
number = "1",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Violence is Rare in Autism

T2 - When It Does Occur, Is It Sometimes Extreme?

AU - Allely, C S

AU - Wilson, P

AU - Minnis, H

AU - Thompson, L

AU - Yaksic, E

AU - Gillberg, C

PY - 2017

Y1 - 2017

N2 - A small body of literature has suggested that, rather than being more likely to engage in offending or violent behavior, individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) may actually have an increased risk of being the victim rather than the perpetrator of violence (Sobsey, Wells, Lucardie, & Mansell, 1995 ). There is no evidence that people with ASD are more violent than those without ASD (Im, 2016). There is nevertheless a small subgroup of individuals with ASD who exhibit violent offending behaviours and our previous work has suggested that other factors, such as adverse childhood experiences, might be important in this subgroup (Allely, Minnis, Thompson, Wilson, & Gillberg, 2014 ). Fitzgerald ( 2015 ) highlights that school shootings and mass killings are not uncommonly carried out by individuals with neurodevelopmental disorders, with frequent evidence of warning indicators. The aim of the present review is to investigate this in more detail using the 73 mass shooting events identified by Mother Jones (motherjones.com) in their database for potential ASD features. There are 73 mass shooting events but there are two events where there is a pair of shooters which meant that 75 mass shooter cases were investigated. This exercise tentatively suggests evidence of ASD in six of 75 included cases (8%) which is about eight times higher when compared to the prevalence of ASD found in the general population worldwide (motherjones.com). The 8% figure for individuals with ASD involved mass killings is a conservative estimate. In addition to the six cases which provide the 8% figure, there were 16 other cases with some indication of ASD. Crucially, ASD may influence, but does not cause, an individual to commit extreme violent acts such as a mass shooting episode.

AB - A small body of literature has suggested that, rather than being more likely to engage in offending or violent behavior, individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) may actually have an increased risk of being the victim rather than the perpetrator of violence (Sobsey, Wells, Lucardie, & Mansell, 1995 ). There is no evidence that people with ASD are more violent than those without ASD (Im, 2016). There is nevertheless a small subgroup of individuals with ASD who exhibit violent offending behaviours and our previous work has suggested that other factors, such as adverse childhood experiences, might be important in this subgroup (Allely, Minnis, Thompson, Wilson, & Gillberg, 2014 ). Fitzgerald ( 2015 ) highlights that school shootings and mass killings are not uncommonly carried out by individuals with neurodevelopmental disorders, with frequent evidence of warning indicators. The aim of the present review is to investigate this in more detail using the 73 mass shooting events identified by Mother Jones (motherjones.com) in their database for potential ASD features. There are 73 mass shooting events but there are two events where there is a pair of shooters which meant that 75 mass shooter cases were investigated. This exercise tentatively suggests evidence of ASD in six of 75 included cases (8%) which is about eight times higher when compared to the prevalence of ASD found in the general population worldwide (motherjones.com). The 8% figure for individuals with ASD involved mass killings is a conservative estimate. In addition to the six cases which provide the 8% figure, there were 16 other cases with some indication of ASD. Crucially, ASD may influence, but does not cause, an individual to commit extreme violent acts such as a mass shooting episode.

KW - Asperger Syndrome/diagnosis

KW - Autism Spectrum Disorder/diagnosis

KW - Crime Victims/psychology

KW - Cross-Sectional Studies

KW - Homicide/psychology

KW - Humans

KW - Male

KW - Mental Disorders/diagnosis

KW - Motivation

KW - Risk Factors

KW - United States

KW - Violence/psychology

KW - Wounds, Gunshot/epidemiology

KW - Young Adult

U2 - 10.1080/00223980.2016.1175998

DO - 10.1080/00223980.2016.1175998

M3 - Review

C2 - 27185105

VL - 151

SP - 49

EP - 68

JO - Journal of Psychology: Interdisciplinary and Applied

JF - Journal of Psychology: Interdisciplinary and Applied

SN - 0022-3980

IS - 1

ER -

ID: 217945607