Physical activity and cardio-metabolic health in Mexican Tarahumara (Rarámuri) people
Type 2 diabetes (T2D) is highly prevalent in Mexico, especially in acculturated populations of indigenous people. Based on studies in US Pima, indigenous people of North America seem to be highly susceptible to T2D.
Physical (in)activity and diet are the two most important lifestyle determinants in the development and prevention of T2D. The Tarahumara – an indigenous people of northern Mexico – is known to have high physical activity level. Since this group is slowly being acculturated, it will be possible to measure a wide variety of physical activity ranging from the “traditional” (high activity level) to the “transitional” (low activity level) groups. This will enable us to measure the effect of different levels of physical activity volume and intensity on glucose tolerance in Tarahumara.
The project started in 2012 and is still ongoing in 2018.