Antidepressant treatment among social workers, human service professionals, and non-human service professionals: A multi-cohort study in Finland, Sweden and Denmark

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Standard

Antidepressant treatment among social workers, human service professionals, and non-human service professionals : A multi-cohort study in Finland, Sweden and Denmark. / Rantonen, O.; Alexanderson, K.; Clark Lyth, Alice Jessie ; Aalto, V.; Sónden, A.; Brønnum-Hansen, Henrik; Hougaard, Charlotte Ørsted; Rod, Naja Hulvej; Mittendorfer-Rutz, E.; Kivimäki, M.; Oksanen, T.; Salo, P.

In: Journal of Affective Disorders, Vol. 250, 2019, p. 153-162.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Rantonen, O, Alexanderson, K, Clark Lyth, AJ, Aalto, V, Sónden, A, Brønnum-Hansen, H, Hougaard, CØ, Rod, NH, Mittendorfer-Rutz, E, Kivimäki, M, Oksanen, T & Salo, P 2019, 'Antidepressant treatment among social workers, human service professionals, and non-human service professionals: A multi-cohort study in Finland, Sweden and Denmark', Journal of Affective Disorders, vol. 250, pp. 153-162. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2019.03.037

APA

Rantonen, O., Alexanderson, K., Clark Lyth, A. J., Aalto, V., Sónden, A., Brønnum-Hansen, H., ... Salo, P. (2019). Antidepressant treatment among social workers, human service professionals, and non-human service professionals: A multi-cohort study in Finland, Sweden and Denmark. Journal of Affective Disorders, 250, 153-162. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2019.03.037

Vancouver

Rantonen O, Alexanderson K, Clark Lyth AJ, Aalto V, Sónden A, Brønnum-Hansen H et al. Antidepressant treatment among social workers, human service professionals, and non-human service professionals: A multi-cohort study in Finland, Sweden and Denmark. Journal of Affective Disorders. 2019;250:153-162. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2019.03.037

Author

Rantonen, O. ; Alexanderson, K. ; Clark Lyth, Alice Jessie ; Aalto, V. ; Sónden, A. ; Brønnum-Hansen, Henrik ; Hougaard, Charlotte Ørsted ; Rod, Naja Hulvej ; Mittendorfer-Rutz, E. ; Kivimäki, M. ; Oksanen, T. ; Salo, P. / Antidepressant treatment among social workers, human service professionals, and non-human service professionals : A multi-cohort study in Finland, Sweden and Denmark. In: Journal of Affective Disorders. 2019 ; Vol. 250. pp. 153-162.

Bibtex

@article{fad5d024b2f44753abbb349dcd49bf28,
title = "Antidepressant treatment among social workers, human service professionals, and non-human service professionals: A multi-cohort study in Finland, Sweden and Denmark",
abstract = "BACKGROUND: Social workers have an elevated risk for mental disorders, but little is known about their antidepressant treatment.AIMS: To examine any and long-term antidepressant treatment among social workers in Finland, Sweden and Denmark.METHODS: We linked records from drug prescription registers to three prospective cohorts: the Finnish Public Sector study, years 2006-2011, and nation-wide cohorts in Sweden and Denmark, years 2006-2014, including a total of 1.5 million employees in (1) social work, (2) other social and health care professions, (3) education and (4) office work. We used Cox proportional hazards models to estimate hazard ratios for any and long-term (>6 months) antidepressant treatment among social workers compared to the three reference occupational groups and carried out meta-analyses.RESULTS: During follow-up, 25{\%} of social workers had any prescriptions for antidepressants (19-24{\%} reference occupations) and 20{\%} for long-term treatment (14-19{\%} reference occupations). The pooled effects for any and long-term treatment showed that probabilities were 10{\%} higher in social workers compared to other health and social care professionals and 30{\%} higher compared to education and non-human service professionals. Probabilities for any treatment in the three countries were relatively similar, but for long-term treatment social workers in Finland had a greater risk compared with other human service professions.LIMITATIONS: There were differences between the cohorts in the availability of data. Specific diagnoses for the antidepressant treatment were not known neither adherence to treatment.CONCLUSION: Social workers have a higher risk for any and long-term antidepressant treatment than other human and non-human service professionals.",
author = "O. Rantonen and K. Alexanderson and {Clark Lyth}, {Alice Jessie} and V. Aalto and A. S{\'o}nden and Henrik Br{\o}nnum-Hansen and Hougaard, {Charlotte {\O}rsted} and Rod, {Naja Hulvej} and E. Mittendorfer-Rutz and M. Kivim{\"a}ki and T. Oksanen and P. Salo",
note = "Copyright {\circledC} 2019. Published by Elsevier B.V.",
year = "2019",
doi = "10.1016/j.jad.2019.03.037",
language = "English",
volume = "250",
pages = "153--162",
journal = "Journal of Affective Disorders",
issn = "0165-0327",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Antidepressant treatment among social workers, human service professionals, and non-human service professionals

T2 - A multi-cohort study in Finland, Sweden and Denmark

AU - Rantonen, O.

AU - Alexanderson, K.

AU - Clark Lyth, Alice Jessie

AU - Aalto, V.

AU - Sónden, A.

AU - Brønnum-Hansen, Henrik

AU - Hougaard, Charlotte Ørsted

AU - Rod, Naja Hulvej

AU - Mittendorfer-Rutz, E.

AU - Kivimäki, M.

AU - Oksanen, T.

AU - Salo, P.

N1 - Copyright © 2019. Published by Elsevier B.V.

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - BACKGROUND: Social workers have an elevated risk for mental disorders, but little is known about their antidepressant treatment.AIMS: To examine any and long-term antidepressant treatment among social workers in Finland, Sweden and Denmark.METHODS: We linked records from drug prescription registers to three prospective cohorts: the Finnish Public Sector study, years 2006-2011, and nation-wide cohorts in Sweden and Denmark, years 2006-2014, including a total of 1.5 million employees in (1) social work, (2) other social and health care professions, (3) education and (4) office work. We used Cox proportional hazards models to estimate hazard ratios for any and long-term (>6 months) antidepressant treatment among social workers compared to the three reference occupational groups and carried out meta-analyses.RESULTS: During follow-up, 25% of social workers had any prescriptions for antidepressants (19-24% reference occupations) and 20% for long-term treatment (14-19% reference occupations). The pooled effects for any and long-term treatment showed that probabilities were 10% higher in social workers compared to other health and social care professionals and 30% higher compared to education and non-human service professionals. Probabilities for any treatment in the three countries were relatively similar, but for long-term treatment social workers in Finland had a greater risk compared with other human service professions.LIMITATIONS: There were differences between the cohorts in the availability of data. Specific diagnoses for the antidepressant treatment were not known neither adherence to treatment.CONCLUSION: Social workers have a higher risk for any and long-term antidepressant treatment than other human and non-human service professionals.

AB - BACKGROUND: Social workers have an elevated risk for mental disorders, but little is known about their antidepressant treatment.AIMS: To examine any and long-term antidepressant treatment among social workers in Finland, Sweden and Denmark.METHODS: We linked records from drug prescription registers to three prospective cohorts: the Finnish Public Sector study, years 2006-2011, and nation-wide cohorts in Sweden and Denmark, years 2006-2014, including a total of 1.5 million employees in (1) social work, (2) other social and health care professions, (3) education and (4) office work. We used Cox proportional hazards models to estimate hazard ratios for any and long-term (>6 months) antidepressant treatment among social workers compared to the three reference occupational groups and carried out meta-analyses.RESULTS: During follow-up, 25% of social workers had any prescriptions for antidepressants (19-24% reference occupations) and 20% for long-term treatment (14-19% reference occupations). The pooled effects for any and long-term treatment showed that probabilities were 10% higher in social workers compared to other health and social care professionals and 30% higher compared to education and non-human service professionals. Probabilities for any treatment in the three countries were relatively similar, but for long-term treatment social workers in Finland had a greater risk compared with other human service professions.LIMITATIONS: There were differences between the cohorts in the availability of data. Specific diagnoses for the antidepressant treatment were not known neither adherence to treatment.CONCLUSION: Social workers have a higher risk for any and long-term antidepressant treatment than other human and non-human service professionals.

U2 - 10.1016/j.jad.2019.03.037

DO - 10.1016/j.jad.2019.03.037

M3 - Journal article

VL - 250

SP - 153

EP - 162

JO - Journal of Affective Disorders

JF - Journal of Affective Disorders

SN - 0165-0327

ER -

ID: 215406589