Does retirement reduce the risk of mental disorders? A national registry-linkage study of treatment for mental disorders before and after retirement of 245 082 Danish residents

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Does retirement reduce the risk of mental disorders? A national registry-linkage study of treatment for mental disorders before and after retirement of 245 082 Danish residents. / Olesen, Kasper; Rod, Naja Hulvej; Madsen, Ida E.H.; Bonde, Jens Peter; Rugulies, Reiner.

In: Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Vol. 72, No. 5, 05.2015, p. 366-372.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Olesen, K, Rod, NH, Madsen, IEH, Bonde, JP & Rugulies, R 2015, 'Does retirement reduce the risk of mental disorders? A national registry-linkage study of treatment for mental disorders before and after retirement of 245 082 Danish residents', Occupational and Environmental Medicine, vol. 72, no. 5, pp. 366-372. https://doi.org/10.1136/oemed-2014-102228

APA

Olesen, K., Rod, N. H., Madsen, I. E. H., Bonde, J. P., & Rugulies, R. (2015). Does retirement reduce the risk of mental disorders? A national registry-linkage study of treatment for mental disorders before and after retirement of 245 082 Danish residents. Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 72(5), 366-372. https://doi.org/10.1136/oemed-2014-102228

Vancouver

Olesen K, Rod NH, Madsen IEH, Bonde JP, Rugulies R. Does retirement reduce the risk of mental disorders? A national registry-linkage study of treatment for mental disorders before and after retirement of 245 082 Danish residents. Occupational and Environmental Medicine. 2015 May;72(5):366-372. https://doi.org/10.1136/oemed-2014-102228

Author

Olesen, Kasper ; Rod, Naja Hulvej ; Madsen, Ida E.H. ; Bonde, Jens Peter ; Rugulies, Reiner. / Does retirement reduce the risk of mental disorders? A national registry-linkage study of treatment for mental disorders before and after retirement of 245 082 Danish residents. In: Occupational and Environmental Medicine. 2015 ; Vol. 72, No. 5. pp. 366-372.

Bibtex

@article{bbc129b615df4fe9a7049bf7de2bf77c,
title = "Does retirement reduce the risk of mental disorders?: A national registry-linkage study of treatment for mental disorders before and after retirement of 245 082 Danish residents",
abstract = "OBJECTIVES: The effect of retirement on mental health is not well understood. We examined the prevalence of hospital treatment for depression and purchase of antidepressant medication before, during and after retirement in a Danish population sample. We hypothesised that retirement was followed by reduced prevalence of hospital treatment for depression and antidepressant purchase.METHODS: Participants were 245 082 Danish workers who retired between 2000 and 2006. Information on retirement, hospital treatment and antidepressant purchases were obtained from Danish national registers. The yearly prevalence of hospital treatment for depression and antidepressant purchases was estimated in relation to the year of retirement from 5 years prior to the retirement year to 5 years after retirement. Using logistic regressions with generalised estimating equations we analysed the trends in prevalence before, during and after the retirement.RESULTS: Two of 1000 participants were hospitalised with depression in the year of their retirement and 63 of 1000 purchased antidepressant medication during the retirement year. The prevalence of hospital treatment for depression increased before and around retirement, followed by a slight decline from 2 years after retirement with the prevalence of hospitalisation dropping from 0.21{\%}(retirement +2 years) to 0.16{\%} (retirement +5 years). For antidepressants, we observed a steady increase in purchases before retirement (retirement -2 years). This increase levelled off in the years around retirement, but continued after retirement (retirement +2 years).CONCLUSIONS: Overall, this study did not confirm the hypothesis that retirement is beneficial for mental health measured by hospitalisation with depression and treatment with antidepressants. Although the temporary levelling off of the increase in antidepressant treatment around time of retirement might indicate a beneficial effect, this possible effect was only short-term.",
author = "Kasper Olesen and Rod, {Naja Hulvej} and Madsen, {Ida E.H.} and Bonde, {Jens Peter} and Reiner Rugulies",
note = "Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to http://group.bmj.com/group/rights-licensing/permissions.",
year = "2015",
month = "5",
doi = "10.1136/oemed-2014-102228",
language = "English",
volume = "72",
pages = "366--372",
journal = "Occupational and Environmental Medicine",
issn = "1351-0711",
publisher = "B M J Group",
number = "5",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Does retirement reduce the risk of mental disorders?

T2 - A national registry-linkage study of treatment for mental disorders before and after retirement of 245 082 Danish residents

AU - Olesen, Kasper

AU - Rod, Naja Hulvej

AU - Madsen, Ida E.H.

AU - Bonde, Jens Peter

AU - Rugulies, Reiner

N1 - Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to http://group.bmj.com/group/rights-licensing/permissions.

PY - 2015/5

Y1 - 2015/5

N2 - OBJECTIVES: The effect of retirement on mental health is not well understood. We examined the prevalence of hospital treatment for depression and purchase of antidepressant medication before, during and after retirement in a Danish population sample. We hypothesised that retirement was followed by reduced prevalence of hospital treatment for depression and antidepressant purchase.METHODS: Participants were 245 082 Danish workers who retired between 2000 and 2006. Information on retirement, hospital treatment and antidepressant purchases were obtained from Danish national registers. The yearly prevalence of hospital treatment for depression and antidepressant purchases was estimated in relation to the year of retirement from 5 years prior to the retirement year to 5 years after retirement. Using logistic regressions with generalised estimating equations we analysed the trends in prevalence before, during and after the retirement.RESULTS: Two of 1000 participants were hospitalised with depression in the year of their retirement and 63 of 1000 purchased antidepressant medication during the retirement year. The prevalence of hospital treatment for depression increased before and around retirement, followed by a slight decline from 2 years after retirement with the prevalence of hospitalisation dropping from 0.21%(retirement +2 years) to 0.16% (retirement +5 years). For antidepressants, we observed a steady increase in purchases before retirement (retirement -2 years). This increase levelled off in the years around retirement, but continued after retirement (retirement +2 years).CONCLUSIONS: Overall, this study did not confirm the hypothesis that retirement is beneficial for mental health measured by hospitalisation with depression and treatment with antidepressants. Although the temporary levelling off of the increase in antidepressant treatment around time of retirement might indicate a beneficial effect, this possible effect was only short-term.

AB - OBJECTIVES: The effect of retirement on mental health is not well understood. We examined the prevalence of hospital treatment for depression and purchase of antidepressant medication before, during and after retirement in a Danish population sample. We hypothesised that retirement was followed by reduced prevalence of hospital treatment for depression and antidepressant purchase.METHODS: Participants were 245 082 Danish workers who retired between 2000 and 2006. Information on retirement, hospital treatment and antidepressant purchases were obtained from Danish national registers. The yearly prevalence of hospital treatment for depression and antidepressant purchases was estimated in relation to the year of retirement from 5 years prior to the retirement year to 5 years after retirement. Using logistic regressions with generalised estimating equations we analysed the trends in prevalence before, during and after the retirement.RESULTS: Two of 1000 participants were hospitalised with depression in the year of their retirement and 63 of 1000 purchased antidepressant medication during the retirement year. The prevalence of hospital treatment for depression increased before and around retirement, followed by a slight decline from 2 years after retirement with the prevalence of hospitalisation dropping from 0.21%(retirement +2 years) to 0.16% (retirement +5 years). For antidepressants, we observed a steady increase in purchases before retirement (retirement -2 years). This increase levelled off in the years around retirement, but continued after retirement (retirement +2 years).CONCLUSIONS: Overall, this study did not confirm the hypothesis that retirement is beneficial for mental health measured by hospitalisation with depression and treatment with antidepressants. Although the temporary levelling off of the increase in antidepressant treatment around time of retirement might indicate a beneficial effect, this possible effect was only short-term.

U2 - 10.1136/oemed-2014-102228

DO - 10.1136/oemed-2014-102228

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 25814269

VL - 72

SP - 366

EP - 372

JO - Occupational and Environmental Medicine

JF - Occupational and Environmental Medicine

SN - 1351-0711

IS - 5

ER -

ID: 135185050