Effect of lifestyle coaching versus care coordination versus treatment as usual in people with severe mental illness and overweight: Two-years follow-up of the randomized CHANGE trial

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Ane Storch Jakobsen, Helene Speyer, Hans Christian Brix Nørgaard, Mette Karlsen, Merete Birk, Carsten Hjorthøj, Ole Mors, Jesper Krogh, Christian Gluud, Charlotta Pisinger, Merete Nordentoft

The objective of this trial was to assess the long-term effect of the CHANGE lifestyle coaching intervention for 428 people with abdominal obesity and schizophrenia spectrum disorders on cardiovascular risk. In this randomized, superiority, multi-center clinical trial, participants were randomized to 12 months of either lifestyle coaching plus care coordination (N = 138), care coordination alone, (N = 142) or treatment as usual (N = 148). There was no effect after 12 months, but we hypothesized that there might have been a delayed treatment effect. Our primary outcome at two-year follow-up was 10-year risk of cardiovascular disease standardized to 60 years of age. After two-years the mean 10-year cardiovascular-disease risk was 8.7% (95% confidence interval (CI) 7.6-9.9%) in the CHANGE group, 7.7% (95% CI 6.5-8.9%) in the care coordination group, and 8.9% (95% CI 6.9-9.2%) in the treatment as usual group (P = 0.24). Also, there were no intervention effects for any secondary or exploratory outcomes, including cardiorespiratory fitness, weight, physical activity, diet and smoking. No reported adverse events could be ascribed to the intervention. We conclude that there was neither any direct nor any long-term effect of individual lifestyle coaching or care coordination on cardiovascular risk factors in people with abdominal obesity and schizophrenia spectrum disorders. The trial was approved by the Ethics Committee of Capitol Region Copenhagen, Denmark (registration number: H-4-2012-051) and the Danish Data Protection Agency (registration number: 01689 RHP-2012-007). The trial was funded by the Mental Health Services of the Capital Region of Denmark, the Lundbeck Foundation, the Tryg Foundation, the Danish Ministry of Health, and the Dæhnfeldts Foundation.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0185881
JournalPLOS ONE
Volume12
Issue number10
Pages (from-to)1-13
Number of pages13
ISSN1932-6203
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 6 Oct 2017

    Research areas

  • Adolescent, Adult, Aged, Body Weight, Cardiovascular Diseases, Diet, Female, Follow-Up Studies, Humans, Life Style, Male, Mentoring, Middle Aged, Obesity, Abdominal, Overweight, Risk Factors, Schizophrenia, Schizophrenic Psychology, Treatment Outcome, Young Adult, Journal Article, Multicenter Study, Randomized Controlled Trial

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