Fruit and vegetable intake in a sample of 11-year-old children in 9 European countries: The Pro Children Cross-sectional Survey

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  • Agneta Yngve
  • Alexandra Wolf
  • Eric Poortvliet
  • Ibrahim Elmadfa
  • Johannes Brug
  • Bettina Ehrenblad
  • Bela Franchini
  • Jóhanna Haraldsdóttir
  • Rikke Krølner
  • Lea Maes
  • Carmen Pérez-Rodrigo
  • Michael Sjostrom
  • Inga Thórsdóttir
  • Knut-Inge Klepp
BACKGROUND/AIMS: An adequate fruit and vegetable intake provides essential nutrients and nutritive compounds and is considered an important part of a healthy lifestyle. No simple instrument has been available for the assessment of fruit and vegetable intake as well as its determinants in school-aged children applicable in different European countries. Within the Pro Children Project, such an instrument has been developed. This paper describes the cross-sectional survey in 11-year-olds in 9 countries. METHODS: The cross-sectional survey used nationally, and in 2 countries regionally, representative samples of schools and classes. The questionnaires, including a precoded 24-hour recall component and a food frequency part, were completed in the classroom. Data were treated using common syntax files for portion sizes and for merging of vegetable types into four subgroups. RESULTS: The results show that the fruit and vegetable intake in amounts and choice were highly diverse in the 9 participating countries. Vegetable intake was in general lower than fruit intake, boys consumed less fruit and vegetables than girls did. The highest total intake according to the 24-hour recall was found in Austria and Portugal, the lowest in Spain and Iceland. CONCLUSION: The fruit and vegetable intake in 11-year-old children was in all countries far from reaching population goals and food-based dietary guidelines on national and international levels.
Original languageEnglish
JournalAnnals of Nutrition and Metabolism
Issue number4
Pages (from-to)236-245
Number of pages10
Publication statusPublished - 2005

Bibliographical note

Keywords: Child; Child Nutritional Physiology Phenomena; Cross-Sectional Studies; Diet Surveys; Europe; Female; Fruit; Humans; Male; Mental Recall; Nutrition Assessment; Nutrition Policy; Nutritional Requirements; Questionnaires; Schools; Sex Factors; Vegetables

ID: 7959314