Large-scale international validation of the ADO index in subjects with COPD: an individual subject data analysis of 10 cohorts

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Large-scale international validation of the ADO index in subjects with COPD : an individual subject data analysis of 10 cohorts. / Puhan, Milo A; Hansel, Nadia N; Sobradillo, Patricia; Enright, Paul; Lange, Peter; Hickson, Demarc; Menezes, Ana M; ter Riet, Gerben; Held, Ulrike; Domingo-Salvany, Antonia; Mosenifar, Zab; Antó, Josep M; Moons, Karel G M; Kessels, Alphons; Garcia-Aymerich, Judith; International COPD Cohorts Collaboration Working Group.

In: B M J Open, Vol. 2, No. 6, 2012.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Puhan, MA, Hansel, NN, Sobradillo, P, Enright, P, Lange, P, Hickson, D, Menezes, AM, ter Riet, G, Held, U, Domingo-Salvany, A, Mosenifar, Z, Antó, JM, Moons, KGM, Kessels, A, Garcia-Aymerich, J & International COPD Cohorts Collaboration Working Group 2012, 'Large-scale international validation of the ADO index in subjects with COPD: an individual subject data analysis of 10 cohorts', B M J Open, vol. 2, no. 6. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2012-002152

APA

Puhan, M. A., Hansel, N. N., Sobradillo, P., Enright, P., Lange, P., Hickson, D., ... International COPD Cohorts Collaboration Working Group (2012). Large-scale international validation of the ADO index in subjects with COPD: an individual subject data analysis of 10 cohorts. B M J Open, 2(6). https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2012-002152

Vancouver

Puhan MA, Hansel NN, Sobradillo P, Enright P, Lange P, Hickson D et al. Large-scale international validation of the ADO index in subjects with COPD: an individual subject data analysis of 10 cohorts. B M J Open. 2012;2(6). https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2012-002152

Author

Puhan, Milo A ; Hansel, Nadia N ; Sobradillo, Patricia ; Enright, Paul ; Lange, Peter ; Hickson, Demarc ; Menezes, Ana M ; ter Riet, Gerben ; Held, Ulrike ; Domingo-Salvany, Antonia ; Mosenifar, Zab ; Antó, Josep M ; Moons, Karel G M ; Kessels, Alphons ; Garcia-Aymerich, Judith ; International COPD Cohorts Collaboration Working Group. / Large-scale international validation of the ADO index in subjects with COPD : an individual subject data analysis of 10 cohorts. In: B M J Open. 2012 ; Vol. 2, No. 6.

Bibtex

@article{8f0c34a99905449a995dced9d4517e71,
title = "Large-scale international validation of the ADO index in subjects with COPD: an individual subject data analysis of 10 cohorts",
abstract = "BACKGROUND: Little evidence on the validity of simple and widely applicable tools to predict mortality in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) exists.OBJECTIVE: To conduct a large international study to validate the ADO index that uses age, dyspnoea and FEV(1) to predict 3-year mortality and to update it in order to make prediction of mortality in COPD patients as generalisable as possible.DESIGN: Individual subject data analysis of 10 European and American cohorts (n=13 914).SETTING: Population-based, primary, secondary and tertiary care.PATIENTS: COPD GOLD stages I-IV.MEASUREMENTS: We validated the original ADO index. We then obtained an updated ADO index in half of our cohorts to improve its predictive accuracy, which in turn was validated comprehensively in the remaining cohorts using discrimination, calibration and decision curve analysis and a number of sensitivity analyses.RESULTS: 1350 (9.7{\%}) of all subjects with COPD (60{\%} male, mean age 61 years, mean FEV(1) 66{\%} predicted) had died at 3 years. The original ADO index showed high discrimination but poor calibration (p<0.001 for difference between predicted and observed risk). The updated ADO index (scores from 0 to 14) preserved excellent discrimination (area under curve 0.81, 95{\%} CI 0.80 to 0.82) but showed much improved calibration with predicted 3-year risks from 0.7{\%} (95{\%} CI 0.6{\%} to 0.9{\%}, score of 0) to 64.5{\%} (61.2{\%} to 67.7{\%}, score of 14). The ADO index showed higher net benefit in subjects at low-to-moderate risk of 3-year mortality than FEV(1) alone.INTERPRETATION: The updated 15-point ADO index accurately predicts 3-year mortality across the COPD severity spectrum and can be used to inform patients about their prognosis, clinical trial study design or benefit harm assessment of medical interventions.",
author = "Puhan, {Milo A} and Hansel, {Nadia N} and Patricia Sobradillo and Paul Enright and Peter Lange and Demarc Hickson and Menezes, {Ana M} and {ter Riet}, Gerben and Ulrike Held and Antonia Domingo-Salvany and Zab Mosenifar and Ant{\'o}, {Josep M} and Moons, {Karel G M} and Alphons Kessels and Judith Garcia-Aymerich and {International COPD Cohorts Collaboration Working Group}",
year = "2012",
doi = "10.1136/bmjopen-2012-002152",
language = "English",
volume = "2",
journal = "B M J Open",
issn = "2044-6055",
publisher = "BMJ Publishing Group",
number = "6",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Large-scale international validation of the ADO index in subjects with COPD

T2 - an individual subject data analysis of 10 cohorts

AU - Puhan, Milo A

AU - Hansel, Nadia N

AU - Sobradillo, Patricia

AU - Enright, Paul

AU - Lange, Peter

AU - Hickson, Demarc

AU - Menezes, Ana M

AU - ter Riet, Gerben

AU - Held, Ulrike

AU - Domingo-Salvany, Antonia

AU - Mosenifar, Zab

AU - Antó, Josep M

AU - Moons, Karel G M

AU - Kessels, Alphons

AU - Garcia-Aymerich, Judith

AU - International COPD Cohorts Collaboration Working Group

PY - 2012

Y1 - 2012

N2 - BACKGROUND: Little evidence on the validity of simple and widely applicable tools to predict mortality in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) exists.OBJECTIVE: To conduct a large international study to validate the ADO index that uses age, dyspnoea and FEV(1) to predict 3-year mortality and to update it in order to make prediction of mortality in COPD patients as generalisable as possible.DESIGN: Individual subject data analysis of 10 European and American cohorts (n=13 914).SETTING: Population-based, primary, secondary and tertiary care.PATIENTS: COPD GOLD stages I-IV.MEASUREMENTS: We validated the original ADO index. We then obtained an updated ADO index in half of our cohorts to improve its predictive accuracy, which in turn was validated comprehensively in the remaining cohorts using discrimination, calibration and decision curve analysis and a number of sensitivity analyses.RESULTS: 1350 (9.7%) of all subjects with COPD (60% male, mean age 61 years, mean FEV(1) 66% predicted) had died at 3 years. The original ADO index showed high discrimination but poor calibration (p<0.001 for difference between predicted and observed risk). The updated ADO index (scores from 0 to 14) preserved excellent discrimination (area under curve 0.81, 95% CI 0.80 to 0.82) but showed much improved calibration with predicted 3-year risks from 0.7% (95% CI 0.6% to 0.9%, score of 0) to 64.5% (61.2% to 67.7%, score of 14). The ADO index showed higher net benefit in subjects at low-to-moderate risk of 3-year mortality than FEV(1) alone.INTERPRETATION: The updated 15-point ADO index accurately predicts 3-year mortality across the COPD severity spectrum and can be used to inform patients about their prognosis, clinical trial study design or benefit harm assessment of medical interventions.

AB - BACKGROUND: Little evidence on the validity of simple and widely applicable tools to predict mortality in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) exists.OBJECTIVE: To conduct a large international study to validate the ADO index that uses age, dyspnoea and FEV(1) to predict 3-year mortality and to update it in order to make prediction of mortality in COPD patients as generalisable as possible.DESIGN: Individual subject data analysis of 10 European and American cohorts (n=13 914).SETTING: Population-based, primary, secondary and tertiary care.PATIENTS: COPD GOLD stages I-IV.MEASUREMENTS: We validated the original ADO index. We then obtained an updated ADO index in half of our cohorts to improve its predictive accuracy, which in turn was validated comprehensively in the remaining cohorts using discrimination, calibration and decision curve analysis and a number of sensitivity analyses.RESULTS: 1350 (9.7%) of all subjects with COPD (60% male, mean age 61 years, mean FEV(1) 66% predicted) had died at 3 years. The original ADO index showed high discrimination but poor calibration (p<0.001 for difference between predicted and observed risk). The updated ADO index (scores from 0 to 14) preserved excellent discrimination (area under curve 0.81, 95% CI 0.80 to 0.82) but showed much improved calibration with predicted 3-year risks from 0.7% (95% CI 0.6% to 0.9%, score of 0) to 64.5% (61.2% to 67.7%, score of 14). The ADO index showed higher net benefit in subjects at low-to-moderate risk of 3-year mortality than FEV(1) alone.INTERPRETATION: The updated 15-point ADO index accurately predicts 3-year mortality across the COPD severity spectrum and can be used to inform patients about their prognosis, clinical trial study design or benefit harm assessment of medical interventions.

U2 - 10.1136/bmjopen-2012-002152

DO - 10.1136/bmjopen-2012-002152

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 23242246

VL - 2

JO - B M J Open

JF - B M J Open

SN - 2044-6055

IS - 6

ER -

ID: 161393464