Parental socioeconomic position and risk of autism spectrum disorders in offspring: A cohort study of 9,648 individuals in Denmark 1976-2013

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Parental socioeconomic position and risk of autism spectrum disorders in offspring : A cohort study of 9,648 individuals in Denmark 1976-2013. / Hegelund, Emilie Rune; Flensborg-Madsen, Trine; Vassard, Ditte; Rosenblum, Leonard A.; Reinisch, June Machover; Mortensen, Erik Lykke.

In: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, Vol. 56, 12.2018, p. 1-8.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Hegelund, ER, Flensborg-Madsen, T, Vassard, D, Rosenblum, LA, Reinisch, JM & Mortensen, EL 2018, 'Parental socioeconomic position and risk of autism spectrum disorders in offspring: A cohort study of 9,648 individuals in Denmark 1976-2013', Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, vol. 56, pp. 1-8. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rasd.2018.08.004

APA

Hegelund, E. R., Flensborg-Madsen, T., Vassard, D., Rosenblum, L. A., Reinisch, J. M., & Mortensen, E. L. (2018). Parental socioeconomic position and risk of autism spectrum disorders in offspring: A cohort study of 9,648 individuals in Denmark 1976-2013. Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, 56, 1-8. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rasd.2018.08.004

Vancouver

Hegelund ER, Flensborg-Madsen T, Vassard D, Rosenblum LA, Reinisch JM, Mortensen EL. Parental socioeconomic position and risk of autism spectrum disorders in offspring: A cohort study of 9,648 individuals in Denmark 1976-2013. Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders. 2018 Dec;56:1-8. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rasd.2018.08.004

Author

Hegelund, Emilie Rune ; Flensborg-Madsen, Trine ; Vassard, Ditte ; Rosenblum, Leonard A. ; Reinisch, June Machover ; Mortensen, Erik Lykke. / Parental socioeconomic position and risk of autism spectrum disorders in offspring : A cohort study of 9,648 individuals in Denmark 1976-2013. In: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders. 2018 ; Vol. 56. pp. 1-8.

Bibtex

@article{936feff04d4040c5becd7a9e22b6622f,
title = "Parental socioeconomic position and risk of autism spectrum disorders in offspring: A cohort study of 9,648 individuals in Denmark 1976-2013",
abstract = "Background: The results of studies of the association between parental socioeconomic position (SEP) and risk of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in offspring are inconsistent, perhaps due to contextual differences in health care systems and their influence on risk of ASD diagnosis among different socioeconomic groups. The present study investigated the association between parental SEP in adulthood and risk of ASD diagnosis in offspring in a Nordic welfare state and whether this association was modified by parental childhood SEP.Method: The study population comprised 9648 live-born singletons who were followed in the Psychiatric Central Register from birth in 1976–1996 until 2013. Cox regression was used to estimate hazard ratios for ASD diagnosis according to parental SEP in adulthood.Results: The crude results showed a tendency towards higher parental SEP in adulthood being associated with higher risk of ASD diagnosis in offspring. However, the association was reversed after adjustment for possible confounders. The reversion of the direction of the association was entirely attributable to the strong confounding effect of calendar year. Further, the results showed that parental childhood SEP modified the association between parental SEP in adulthood and risk of ASD diagnosis in offspring.Conclusions: Both methodological and contextual issues may be of great importance for the observed association between parental SEP and risk of ASD diagnosis in offspring. Particularly, the secular trends in ASD diagnoses seem to be of great importance suggesting that changes in diagnostic patterns may influence the association between parental SEP and risk of being diagnosed with ASD.",
keywords = "Autism spectrum disorder, Cohort studies, Denmark, Socioeconomic factors",
author = "Hegelund, {Emilie Rune} and Trine Flensborg-Madsen and Ditte Vassard and Rosenblum, {Leonard A.} and Reinisch, {June Machover} and Mortensen, {Erik Lykke}",
year = "2018",
month = "12",
doi = "10.1016/j.rasd.2018.08.004",
language = "English",
volume = "56",
pages = "1--8",
journal = "Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders",
issn = "1750-9467",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Parental socioeconomic position and risk of autism spectrum disorders in offspring

T2 - A cohort study of 9,648 individuals in Denmark 1976-2013

AU - Hegelund, Emilie Rune

AU - Flensborg-Madsen, Trine

AU - Vassard, Ditte

AU - Rosenblum, Leonard A.

AU - Reinisch, June Machover

AU - Mortensen, Erik Lykke

PY - 2018/12

Y1 - 2018/12

N2 - Background: The results of studies of the association between parental socioeconomic position (SEP) and risk of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in offspring are inconsistent, perhaps due to contextual differences in health care systems and their influence on risk of ASD diagnosis among different socioeconomic groups. The present study investigated the association between parental SEP in adulthood and risk of ASD diagnosis in offspring in a Nordic welfare state and whether this association was modified by parental childhood SEP.Method: The study population comprised 9648 live-born singletons who were followed in the Psychiatric Central Register from birth in 1976–1996 until 2013. Cox regression was used to estimate hazard ratios for ASD diagnosis according to parental SEP in adulthood.Results: The crude results showed a tendency towards higher parental SEP in adulthood being associated with higher risk of ASD diagnosis in offspring. However, the association was reversed after adjustment for possible confounders. The reversion of the direction of the association was entirely attributable to the strong confounding effect of calendar year. Further, the results showed that parental childhood SEP modified the association between parental SEP in adulthood and risk of ASD diagnosis in offspring.Conclusions: Both methodological and contextual issues may be of great importance for the observed association between parental SEP and risk of ASD diagnosis in offspring. Particularly, the secular trends in ASD diagnoses seem to be of great importance suggesting that changes in diagnostic patterns may influence the association between parental SEP and risk of being diagnosed with ASD.

AB - Background: The results of studies of the association between parental socioeconomic position (SEP) and risk of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in offspring are inconsistent, perhaps due to contextual differences in health care systems and their influence on risk of ASD diagnosis among different socioeconomic groups. The present study investigated the association between parental SEP in adulthood and risk of ASD diagnosis in offspring in a Nordic welfare state and whether this association was modified by parental childhood SEP.Method: The study population comprised 9648 live-born singletons who were followed in the Psychiatric Central Register from birth in 1976–1996 until 2013. Cox regression was used to estimate hazard ratios for ASD diagnosis according to parental SEP in adulthood.Results: The crude results showed a tendency towards higher parental SEP in adulthood being associated with higher risk of ASD diagnosis in offspring. However, the association was reversed after adjustment for possible confounders. The reversion of the direction of the association was entirely attributable to the strong confounding effect of calendar year. Further, the results showed that parental childhood SEP modified the association between parental SEP in adulthood and risk of ASD diagnosis in offspring.Conclusions: Both methodological and contextual issues may be of great importance for the observed association between parental SEP and risk of ASD diagnosis in offspring. Particularly, the secular trends in ASD diagnoses seem to be of great importance suggesting that changes in diagnostic patterns may influence the association between parental SEP and risk of being diagnosed with ASD.

KW - Autism spectrum disorder

KW - Cohort studies

KW - Denmark

KW - Socioeconomic factors

U2 - 10.1016/j.rasd.2018.08.004

DO - 10.1016/j.rasd.2018.08.004

M3 - Journal article

VL - 56

SP - 1

EP - 8

JO - Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders

JF - Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders

SN - 1750-9467

ER -

ID: 201859879