Physical activity (PA) and the disablement process: a 14-year follow-up study of older non-disabled women and men

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

  • Kirsten Schultz-Larsen
  • Naghmeh Rahmanfard
  • Claus Holst
Few studies have explored the associations of reported PA (RPA) with the processes underlying the development of disability. The present study was performed to explore RPA among older persons and its association with onset of functional dependence and mortality. Among a probability sample of 1782 community-living persons, aged 75-83 years, we evaluated the 1021 who reported no disability in basic activities of daily living. Participants were followed for a median of 8.34 years in public registers to determine onset of disability and mortality. RPA predicted mortality in older women (HR=1.77, 95%CI=1.42-2.19) and men (HR=1.65, 95%CI=1.27-2.14) over long time intervals. The effect of RPA persisted among permanently disabled older women, after adjusting for age, baseline vulnerability and grade of disability. Low RPA was independently associated with risk of incident disability (HR=1.56, 95%CI=1.10-2.23) in men. Among older women, the association between RPA and incidence of disability was attenuated in analyses that controlled for baseline mobility function. Thus, the association between physical activity and mortality reflected processes different from those underlying a simple relation between physical activity, disability and mortality. Physical activity was an ubiquitous predictor of longevity, but only for women.
Original languageEnglish
JournalArchives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Issue number1
Pages (from-to)25-30
Number of pages6
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2012

    Research areas

  • Activities of Daily Living, Age of Onset, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Cause of Death, Disabled Persons, Female, Follow-Up Studies, Geriatric Assessment, Humans, Incidence, Longevity, Male, Motor Activity, Residence Characteristics, Risk, Severity of Illness Index, Sex Factors

ID: 40793710