Pregnancy outcomes after fetal exposure to antithyroid medications or levothyroxine

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Pregnancy outcomes after fetal exposure to antithyroid medications or levothyroxine. / Schurmann, Lene; Hansen, Anne Vinkel; Garne, Ester.

In: Early Human Development, Vol. 101, 10.2016, p. 73-77.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Schurmann, L, Hansen, AV & Garne, E 2016, 'Pregnancy outcomes after fetal exposure to antithyroid medications or levothyroxine', Early Human Development, vol. 101, pp. 73-77. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.earlhumdev.2016.06.006

APA

Schurmann, L., Hansen, A. V., & Garne, E. (2016). Pregnancy outcomes after fetal exposure to antithyroid medications or levothyroxine. Early Human Development, 101, 73-77. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.earlhumdev.2016.06.006

Vancouver

Schurmann L, Hansen AV, Garne E. Pregnancy outcomes after fetal exposure to antithyroid medications or levothyroxine. Early Human Development. 2016 Oct;101:73-77. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.earlhumdev.2016.06.006

Author

Schurmann, Lene ; Hansen, Anne Vinkel ; Garne, Ester. / Pregnancy outcomes after fetal exposure to antithyroid medications or levothyroxine. In: Early Human Development. 2016 ; Vol. 101. pp. 73-77.

Bibtex

@article{fd8895c78ba349a989495eb06521bedc,
title = "Pregnancy outcomes after fetal exposure to antithyroid medications or levothyroxine",
abstract = "Aim: To investigate whether fetal exposure to antithyroid drugs (ATD) and levothyroxine affects gestational age (GA), birth weight, birth length, head circumference and prevalence of congenital anomalies.Methods: Cohort of all pregnancies from GA 12 weeks recorded in Danish registries from 1995–2010. Exposure was having a prescription for ATD or levothyroxine from 91 days before to 91 days after pregnancy start (n = 8318). The reference group was pregnant women without exposure of ATD or levothyroxine (n = 969 303). A subpopulation was linked to the Danish EUROCAT congenital anomaly register.Results: Overall 0.66{\%} of the pregnant women had a prescription for levothyroxine and 0.19{\%} had a prescription for ATD during the exposure period. There was no difference in proportion of live births compared to non-exposed pregnancies, but infants exposed to ATD were more often born very preterm (1.99{\%} versus 0.94{\%} Odds Ratio 2.04, 95{\%} CI 1.46 – 2.86) and had higher infant mortality (Odds ratio 2.37, 95{\%} CI 1.42 – 3.94). Infants exposed to ATD were more likely to have low birth weight and length for GA (Odds ratios 1.29 (1.12 – 1.50) and 1.40 (1.17 – 1.66). There was no difference in head circumference for the 3 exposure groups. Prevalence of congenital anomalies was the same for exposed and non-exposed pregnancies.Conclusion: Fetal exposure to ATD resulted in lower GA, birth weight, length and higher infant mortality. Treatment for hypothyroidism had no significant impact on these variables. There was no difference in prevalence of congenital anomalies.",
keywords = "Antithyroid medication, Birth length, Birth weight, Head circumference, Congenital anomaly",
author = "Lene Schurmann and Hansen, {Anne Vinkel} and Ester Garne",
year = "2016",
month = "10",
doi = "10.1016/j.earlhumdev.2016.06.006",
language = "English",
volume = "101",
pages = "73--77",
journal = "Early Human Development",
issn = "0378-3782",
publisher = "Elsevier Ireland Ltd",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Pregnancy outcomes after fetal exposure to antithyroid medications or levothyroxine

AU - Schurmann, Lene

AU - Hansen, Anne Vinkel

AU - Garne, Ester

PY - 2016/10

Y1 - 2016/10

N2 - Aim: To investigate whether fetal exposure to antithyroid drugs (ATD) and levothyroxine affects gestational age (GA), birth weight, birth length, head circumference and prevalence of congenital anomalies.Methods: Cohort of all pregnancies from GA 12 weeks recorded in Danish registries from 1995–2010. Exposure was having a prescription for ATD or levothyroxine from 91 days before to 91 days after pregnancy start (n = 8318). The reference group was pregnant women without exposure of ATD or levothyroxine (n = 969 303). A subpopulation was linked to the Danish EUROCAT congenital anomaly register.Results: Overall 0.66% of the pregnant women had a prescription for levothyroxine and 0.19% had a prescription for ATD during the exposure period. There was no difference in proportion of live births compared to non-exposed pregnancies, but infants exposed to ATD were more often born very preterm (1.99% versus 0.94% Odds Ratio 2.04, 95% CI 1.46 – 2.86) and had higher infant mortality (Odds ratio 2.37, 95% CI 1.42 – 3.94). Infants exposed to ATD were more likely to have low birth weight and length for GA (Odds ratios 1.29 (1.12 – 1.50) and 1.40 (1.17 – 1.66). There was no difference in head circumference for the 3 exposure groups. Prevalence of congenital anomalies was the same for exposed and non-exposed pregnancies.Conclusion: Fetal exposure to ATD resulted in lower GA, birth weight, length and higher infant mortality. Treatment for hypothyroidism had no significant impact on these variables. There was no difference in prevalence of congenital anomalies.

AB - Aim: To investigate whether fetal exposure to antithyroid drugs (ATD) and levothyroxine affects gestational age (GA), birth weight, birth length, head circumference and prevalence of congenital anomalies.Methods: Cohort of all pregnancies from GA 12 weeks recorded in Danish registries from 1995–2010. Exposure was having a prescription for ATD or levothyroxine from 91 days before to 91 days after pregnancy start (n = 8318). The reference group was pregnant women without exposure of ATD or levothyroxine (n = 969 303). A subpopulation was linked to the Danish EUROCAT congenital anomaly register.Results: Overall 0.66% of the pregnant women had a prescription for levothyroxine and 0.19% had a prescription for ATD during the exposure period. There was no difference in proportion of live births compared to non-exposed pregnancies, but infants exposed to ATD were more often born very preterm (1.99% versus 0.94% Odds Ratio 2.04, 95% CI 1.46 – 2.86) and had higher infant mortality (Odds ratio 2.37, 95% CI 1.42 – 3.94). Infants exposed to ATD were more likely to have low birth weight and length for GA (Odds ratios 1.29 (1.12 – 1.50) and 1.40 (1.17 – 1.66). There was no difference in head circumference for the 3 exposure groups. Prevalence of congenital anomalies was the same for exposed and non-exposed pregnancies.Conclusion: Fetal exposure to ATD resulted in lower GA, birth weight, length and higher infant mortality. Treatment for hypothyroidism had no significant impact on these variables. There was no difference in prevalence of congenital anomalies.

KW - Antithyroid medication

KW - Birth length

KW - Birth weight

KW - Head circumference

KW - Congenital anomaly

U2 - 10.1016/j.earlhumdev.2016.06.006

DO - 10.1016/j.earlhumdev.2016.06.006

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 27416058

VL - 101

SP - 73

EP - 77

JO - Early Human Development

JF - Early Human Development

SN - 0378-3782

ER -

ID: 168055136