Progress against inequalities in mortality: register-based study of 15 European countries between 1990 and 2015

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Standard

Progress against inequalities in mortality : register-based study of 15 European countries between 1990 and 2015. / Mackenbach, Johan P; Rubio Valverde, José; Bopp, Matthias; Brønnum-Hansen, Henrik; Costa, Giuseppe; Deboosere, Patrick; Kalediene, Ramune; Kovács, Katalin; Leinsalu, Mall; Martikainen, Pekka; Menvielle, Gwenn; Rodriguez-Sanz, Maica; Nusselder, Wilma J.

In: European Journal of Epidemiology, Vol. 34, 2019, p. 1131-1142.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Harvard

Mackenbach, JP, Rubio Valverde, J, Bopp, M, Brønnum-Hansen, H, Costa, G, Deboosere, P, Kalediene, R, Kovács, K, Leinsalu, M, Martikainen, P, Menvielle, G, Rodriguez-Sanz, M & Nusselder, WJ 2019, 'Progress against inequalities in mortality: register-based study of 15 European countries between 1990 and 2015', European Journal of Epidemiology, vol. 34, pp. 1131-1142. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10654-019-00580-9

APA

Mackenbach, J. P., Rubio Valverde, J., Bopp, M., Brønnum-Hansen, H., Costa, G., Deboosere, P., ... Nusselder, W. J. (2019). Progress against inequalities in mortality: register-based study of 15 European countries between 1990 and 2015. European Journal of Epidemiology, 34, 1131-1142. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10654-019-00580-9

Vancouver

Mackenbach JP, Rubio Valverde J, Bopp M, Brønnum-Hansen H, Costa G, Deboosere P et al. Progress against inequalities in mortality: register-based study of 15 European countries between 1990 and 2015. European Journal of Epidemiology. 2019;34:1131-1142. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10654-019-00580-9

Author

Mackenbach, Johan P ; Rubio Valverde, José ; Bopp, Matthias ; Brønnum-Hansen, Henrik ; Costa, Giuseppe ; Deboosere, Patrick ; Kalediene, Ramune ; Kovács, Katalin ; Leinsalu, Mall ; Martikainen, Pekka ; Menvielle, Gwenn ; Rodriguez-Sanz, Maica ; Nusselder, Wilma J. / Progress against inequalities in mortality : register-based study of 15 European countries between 1990 and 2015. In: European Journal of Epidemiology. 2019 ; Vol. 34. pp. 1131-1142.

Bibtex

@article{25f2de45c47d4f4d803d59e89051dfed,
title = "Progress against inequalities in mortality: register-based study of 15 European countries between 1990 and 2015",
abstract = "Socioeconomic inequalities in mortality are a challenge for public health around the world, but appear to be resistant to policy-making. We aimed to identify European countries which have been more successful than others in narrowing inequalities in mortality, and the factors associated with narrowing inequalities. We collected and harmonised mortality data by educational level in 15 European countries over the last 25 years, and quantified changes in inequalities in mortality using a range of measures capturing different perspectives on inequality (e.g., 'relative' and 'absolute' inequalities, inequalities in 'attainment' and 'shortfall'). We determined which causes of death contributed to narrowing of inequalities, and conducted country- and period-fixed effects analyses to assess which country-level factors were associated with narrowing of inequalities in mortality. Mortality among the low educated has declined rapidly in all European countries, and a narrowing of absolute, but not relative inequalities was seen in many countries. Best performers were Austria, Italy (Turin) and Switzerland among men, and Spain (Barcelona), England and Wales, and Austria among women. Ischemic heart disease, smoking-related causes (men) and amenable causes often contributed to narrowing inequalities. Trends in income inequality, level of democracy and smoking were associated with widening inequalities, but rising health care expenditure was associated with narrowing inequalities. Trends in inequalities in mortality have not been as unfavourable as often claimed. Our results suggest that health care expansion has counteracted the inequalities widening effect of other influences.",
author = "Mackenbach, {Johan P} and {Rubio Valverde}, Jos{\'e} and Matthias Bopp and Henrik Br{\o}nnum-Hansen and Giuseppe Costa and Patrick Deboosere and Ramune Kalediene and Katalin Kov{\'a}cs and Mall Leinsalu and Pekka Martikainen and Gwenn Menvielle and Maica Rodriguez-Sanz and Nusselder, {Wilma J}",
year = "2019",
doi = "10.1007/s10654-019-00580-9",
language = "English",
volume = "34",
pages = "1131--1142",
journal = "European Journal of Epidemiology",
issn = "0393-2990",
publisher = "Springer",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Progress against inequalities in mortality

T2 - register-based study of 15 European countries between 1990 and 2015

AU - Mackenbach, Johan P

AU - Rubio Valverde, José

AU - Bopp, Matthias

AU - Brønnum-Hansen, Henrik

AU - Costa, Giuseppe

AU - Deboosere, Patrick

AU - Kalediene, Ramune

AU - Kovács, Katalin

AU - Leinsalu, Mall

AU - Martikainen, Pekka

AU - Menvielle, Gwenn

AU - Rodriguez-Sanz, Maica

AU - Nusselder, Wilma J

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - Socioeconomic inequalities in mortality are a challenge for public health around the world, but appear to be resistant to policy-making. We aimed to identify European countries which have been more successful than others in narrowing inequalities in mortality, and the factors associated with narrowing inequalities. We collected and harmonised mortality data by educational level in 15 European countries over the last 25 years, and quantified changes in inequalities in mortality using a range of measures capturing different perspectives on inequality (e.g., 'relative' and 'absolute' inequalities, inequalities in 'attainment' and 'shortfall'). We determined which causes of death contributed to narrowing of inequalities, and conducted country- and period-fixed effects analyses to assess which country-level factors were associated with narrowing of inequalities in mortality. Mortality among the low educated has declined rapidly in all European countries, and a narrowing of absolute, but not relative inequalities was seen in many countries. Best performers were Austria, Italy (Turin) and Switzerland among men, and Spain (Barcelona), England and Wales, and Austria among women. Ischemic heart disease, smoking-related causes (men) and amenable causes often contributed to narrowing inequalities. Trends in income inequality, level of democracy and smoking were associated with widening inequalities, but rising health care expenditure was associated with narrowing inequalities. Trends in inequalities in mortality have not been as unfavourable as often claimed. Our results suggest that health care expansion has counteracted the inequalities widening effect of other influences.

AB - Socioeconomic inequalities in mortality are a challenge for public health around the world, but appear to be resistant to policy-making. We aimed to identify European countries which have been more successful than others in narrowing inequalities in mortality, and the factors associated with narrowing inequalities. We collected and harmonised mortality data by educational level in 15 European countries over the last 25 years, and quantified changes in inequalities in mortality using a range of measures capturing different perspectives on inequality (e.g., 'relative' and 'absolute' inequalities, inequalities in 'attainment' and 'shortfall'). We determined which causes of death contributed to narrowing of inequalities, and conducted country- and period-fixed effects analyses to assess which country-level factors were associated with narrowing of inequalities in mortality. Mortality among the low educated has declined rapidly in all European countries, and a narrowing of absolute, but not relative inequalities was seen in many countries. Best performers were Austria, Italy (Turin) and Switzerland among men, and Spain (Barcelona), England and Wales, and Austria among women. Ischemic heart disease, smoking-related causes (men) and amenable causes often contributed to narrowing inequalities. Trends in income inequality, level of democracy and smoking were associated with widening inequalities, but rising health care expenditure was associated with narrowing inequalities. Trends in inequalities in mortality have not been as unfavourable as often claimed. Our results suggest that health care expansion has counteracted the inequalities widening effect of other influences.

U2 - 10.1007/s10654-019-00580-9

DO - 10.1007/s10654-019-00580-9

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 31729683

VL - 34

SP - 1131

EP - 1142

JO - European Journal of Epidemiology

JF - European Journal of Epidemiology

SN - 0393-2990

ER -

ID: 230387713