Rescue of the highly virulent classical swine fever virus strain "Koslov" from cloned cDNA and first insights into genome variations relevant for virulence

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Ulrik Fahnøe, Anders Gorm Pedersen, Peter Christian Risager, Jens Nielsen, Graham J Belsham, Dirk Höper, Martin Beer, Thomas Bruun Rasmussen

Classical swine fever virus (CSFV) strain "Koslov" is highly virulent with a mortality rate of up to 100% in pigs. In this study, we modified non-functional cDNAs generated from the blood of Koslov virus infected pigs by site-directed mutagenesis, removing non-synonymous mutations step-by-step, thereby producing genomes encoding the consensus amino acid sequence. Viruses rescued from the construct corresponding to the inferred parental form were highly virulent, when tested in pigs, with infected animals displaying pronounced clinical symptoms leading to high mortality. The reconstruction therefore gave rise to a functional cDNA corresponding to the highly virulent Koslov strain of CSFV. It could be demonstrated that two single amino acid changes (S763L and P968H) in the surface structural protein E2 resulted in attenuation in the porcine infection system while another single amino acid change within the nonstructural protein NS3 (D2183G) reduced virus growth within cells in vitro.

Original languageEnglish
JournalVirology
Volume468-470
Pages (from-to)379-387
Number of pages9
ISSN0042-6822
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2014
Externally publishedYes

    Research areas

  • Animals, Cell Line, Classical Swine Fever/mortality, Classical swine fever virus/pathogenicity, Cloning, Molecular, DNA, Complementary/genetics, Genetic Variation, Genome, Viral, Kidney/cytology, Swine, Time Factors, Virulence

ID: 196714588