School education, physical performance in late midlife and allostatic load: a retrospective cohort study

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School education, physical performance in late midlife and allostatic load : a retrospective cohort study. / Hansen, Åse M.; Andersen, Lars L.; Mendes de Leon, Carlos F.; Bruunsgaard, Helle; Lund, Rikke.

In: Journal of epidemiology and community health, Vol. 70, No. 8, 08.2016, p. 748-754.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Hansen, ÅM, Andersen, LL, Mendes de Leon, CF, Bruunsgaard, H & Lund, R 2016, 'School education, physical performance in late midlife and allostatic load: a retrospective cohort study', Journal of epidemiology and community health, vol. 70, no. 8, pp. 748-754. https://doi.org/10.1136/jech-2015-205664

APA

Hansen, Å. M., Andersen, L. L., Mendes de Leon, C. F., Bruunsgaard, H., & Lund, R. (2016). School education, physical performance in late midlife and allostatic load: a retrospective cohort study. Journal of epidemiology and community health, 70(8), 748-754. https://doi.org/10.1136/jech-2015-205664

Vancouver

Hansen ÅM, Andersen LL, Mendes de Leon CF, Bruunsgaard H, Lund R. School education, physical performance in late midlife and allostatic load: a retrospective cohort study. Journal of epidemiology and community health. 2016 Aug;70(8):748-754. https://doi.org/10.1136/jech-2015-205664

Author

Hansen, Åse M. ; Andersen, Lars L. ; Mendes de Leon, Carlos F. ; Bruunsgaard, Helle ; Lund, Rikke. / School education, physical performance in late midlife and allostatic load : a retrospective cohort study. In: Journal of epidemiology and community health. 2016 ; Vol. 70, No. 8. pp. 748-754.

Bibtex

@article{0cda7837735140b1865deaa27d5a2c06,
title = "School education, physical performance in late midlife and allostatic load: a retrospective cohort study",
abstract = "BACKGROUND: The mechanisms underlying the social gradient in physical functioning are not fully understood. Cumulative physiological stress may be a pathway. The present study aimed to investigate the association between highest attained school education and physical performance in late midlife, and to determine to what extent cumulative physiological stress mediated these associations.METHODS: The study is based on data from the Copenhagen Aging and Midlife Biobank (CAMB; n=5467 participants, aged 48-62 years, 31.5{\%} women). School education was measured as highest examination passed in primary or secondary school (3 categories). Cumulative stress was operationalised as allostatic load (AL), and measured as the number of biological parameters (out of 14) in which participants scored in the poorest quartile. Physical performance included dynamic muscle performance (chair rise ability, postural balance, sagittal flexibility) and muscle strength (jump height, trunk extension and flexion, and handgrip strength).RESULTS: Among women, higher school education was associated with better performance in all physical performance tests. Among men, higher school education was associated with better performance only in chair rise and jump height. AL partially mediated the association between school education and physical performance, and accounted only for 2-30{\%} of the total effect among women. Similar results were observed among men for chair rise and jump height.CONCLUSIONS: These results might indicate that AL plays a minor role in the association between school education and late midlife dynamic muscle performance in both men and women, and in muscle strength among women.",
keywords = "Journal Article",
author = "Hansen, {{\AA}se M.} and Andersen, {Lars L.} and {Mendes de Leon}, {Carlos F.} and Helle Bruunsgaard and Rikke Lund",
note = "Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to http://www.bmj.com/company/products-services/rights-and-licensing/",
year = "2016",
month = "8",
doi = "10.1136/jech-2015-205664",
language = "English",
volume = "70",
pages = "748--754",
journal = "Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health",
issn = "0143-005X",
publisher = "B M J Group",
number = "8",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - School education, physical performance in late midlife and allostatic load

T2 - a retrospective cohort study

AU - Hansen, Åse M.

AU - Andersen, Lars L.

AU - Mendes de Leon, Carlos F.

AU - Bruunsgaard, Helle

AU - Lund, Rikke

N1 - Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to http://www.bmj.com/company/products-services/rights-and-licensing/

PY - 2016/8

Y1 - 2016/8

N2 - BACKGROUND: The mechanisms underlying the social gradient in physical functioning are not fully understood. Cumulative physiological stress may be a pathway. The present study aimed to investigate the association between highest attained school education and physical performance in late midlife, and to determine to what extent cumulative physiological stress mediated these associations.METHODS: The study is based on data from the Copenhagen Aging and Midlife Biobank (CAMB; n=5467 participants, aged 48-62 years, 31.5% women). School education was measured as highest examination passed in primary or secondary school (3 categories). Cumulative stress was operationalised as allostatic load (AL), and measured as the number of biological parameters (out of 14) in which participants scored in the poorest quartile. Physical performance included dynamic muscle performance (chair rise ability, postural balance, sagittal flexibility) and muscle strength (jump height, trunk extension and flexion, and handgrip strength).RESULTS: Among women, higher school education was associated with better performance in all physical performance tests. Among men, higher school education was associated with better performance only in chair rise and jump height. AL partially mediated the association between school education and physical performance, and accounted only for 2-30% of the total effect among women. Similar results were observed among men for chair rise and jump height.CONCLUSIONS: These results might indicate that AL plays a minor role in the association between school education and late midlife dynamic muscle performance in both men and women, and in muscle strength among women.

AB - BACKGROUND: The mechanisms underlying the social gradient in physical functioning are not fully understood. Cumulative physiological stress may be a pathway. The present study aimed to investigate the association between highest attained school education and physical performance in late midlife, and to determine to what extent cumulative physiological stress mediated these associations.METHODS: The study is based on data from the Copenhagen Aging and Midlife Biobank (CAMB; n=5467 participants, aged 48-62 years, 31.5% women). School education was measured as highest examination passed in primary or secondary school (3 categories). Cumulative stress was operationalised as allostatic load (AL), and measured as the number of biological parameters (out of 14) in which participants scored in the poorest quartile. Physical performance included dynamic muscle performance (chair rise ability, postural balance, sagittal flexibility) and muscle strength (jump height, trunk extension and flexion, and handgrip strength).RESULTS: Among women, higher school education was associated with better performance in all physical performance tests. Among men, higher school education was associated with better performance only in chair rise and jump height. AL partially mediated the association between school education and physical performance, and accounted only for 2-30% of the total effect among women. Similar results were observed among men for chair rise and jump height.CONCLUSIONS: These results might indicate that AL plays a minor role in the association between school education and late midlife dynamic muscle performance in both men and women, and in muscle strength among women.

KW - Journal Article

U2 - 10.1136/jech-2015-205664

DO - 10.1136/jech-2015-205664

M3 - Journal article

VL - 70

SP - 748

EP - 754

JO - Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health

JF - Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health

SN - 0143-005X

IS - 8

ER -

ID: 164585644