Shape of the association between income and mortality: a cohort study of Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden in 1995 and 2003

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Shape of the association between income and mortality : a cohort study of Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden in 1995 and 2003. / Mortensen, Laust H.; Rehnberg, Johan; Dahl, Espen; Diderichsen, Finn; Elstad, Jon Ivar; Martikainen, Pekka; Rehkopf, David; Tarkiainen, Lasse; Fritzell, Johan.

In: B M J Open, Vol. 6, No. 12, e010974, 23.12.2016, p. 1-9.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Mortensen, LH, Rehnberg, J, Dahl, E, Diderichsen, F, Elstad, JI, Martikainen, P, Rehkopf, D, Tarkiainen, L & Fritzell, J 2016, 'Shape of the association between income and mortality: a cohort study of Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden in 1995 and 2003', B M J Open, vol. 6, no. 12, e010974, pp. 1-9. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2015-010974

APA

Mortensen, L. H., Rehnberg, J., Dahl, E., Diderichsen, F., Elstad, J. I., Martikainen, P., ... Fritzell, J. (2016). Shape of the association between income and mortality: a cohort study of Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden in 1995 and 2003. B M J Open, 6(12), 1-9. [e010974]. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2015-010974

Vancouver

Mortensen LH, Rehnberg J, Dahl E, Diderichsen F, Elstad JI, Martikainen P et al. Shape of the association between income and mortality: a cohort study of Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden in 1995 and 2003. B M J Open. 2016 Dec 23;6(12):1-9. e010974. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2015-010974

Author

Mortensen, Laust H. ; Rehnberg, Johan ; Dahl, Espen ; Diderichsen, Finn ; Elstad, Jon Ivar ; Martikainen, Pekka ; Rehkopf, David ; Tarkiainen, Lasse ; Fritzell, Johan. / Shape of the association between income and mortality : a cohort study of Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden in 1995 and 2003. In: B M J Open. 2016 ; Vol. 6, No. 12. pp. 1-9.

Bibtex

@article{8e6696451def4df2990274ac0e93c75e,
title = "Shape of the association between income and mortality: a cohort study of Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden in 1995 and 2003",
abstract = "OBJECTIVES: Prior work has examined the shape of the income-mortality association, but work has not compared gradients between countries. In this study, we focus on changes over time in the shape of income-mortality gradients for 4 Nordic countries during a period of rising income inequality. Context and time differentials in shape imply that the relationship between income and mortality is not fixed.SETTING: Population-based cohort study of Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden.PARTICIPANTS: We collected data on individuals aged 25 or more in 1995 (n=12.98 million individuals, 0.84 million deaths) and 2003 (n=13.08 million individuals, 0.90 million deaths). We then examined the household size equivalised disposable income at the baseline year in relation to the rate of mortality in the following 5 years.RESULTS: A steep income gradient in mortality in men and women across all age groups except the oldest old in Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden. From the 1990s to 2000s mortality dropped, but generally more so in the upper part of the income distribution than in the lower part. As a consequence, the shape of the income gradient in mortality changed. The shift in the shape of the association was similar in all 4 countries.CONCLUSIONS: A non-linear gradient exists between income and mortality in most cases and because of a more rapid mortality decline among those with high income the income gradient has become steeper over time.",
author = "Mortensen, {Laust H.} and Johan Rehnberg and Espen Dahl and Finn Diderichsen and Elstad, {Jon Ivar} and Pekka Martikainen and David Rehkopf and Lasse Tarkiainen and Johan Fritzell",
note = "Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to http://www.bmj.com/company/products-services/rights-and-licensing/.",
year = "2016",
month = "12",
day = "23",
doi = "10.1136/bmjopen-2015-010974",
language = "English",
volume = "6",
pages = "1--9",
journal = "B M J Open",
issn = "2044-6055",
publisher = "BMJ Publishing Group",
number = "12",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Shape of the association between income and mortality

T2 - a cohort study of Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden in 1995 and 2003

AU - Mortensen, Laust H.

AU - Rehnberg, Johan

AU - Dahl, Espen

AU - Diderichsen, Finn

AU - Elstad, Jon Ivar

AU - Martikainen, Pekka

AU - Rehkopf, David

AU - Tarkiainen, Lasse

AU - Fritzell, Johan

N1 - Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to http://www.bmj.com/company/products-services/rights-and-licensing/.

PY - 2016/12/23

Y1 - 2016/12/23

N2 - OBJECTIVES: Prior work has examined the shape of the income-mortality association, but work has not compared gradients between countries. In this study, we focus on changes over time in the shape of income-mortality gradients for 4 Nordic countries during a period of rising income inequality. Context and time differentials in shape imply that the relationship between income and mortality is not fixed.SETTING: Population-based cohort study of Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden.PARTICIPANTS: We collected data on individuals aged 25 or more in 1995 (n=12.98 million individuals, 0.84 million deaths) and 2003 (n=13.08 million individuals, 0.90 million deaths). We then examined the household size equivalised disposable income at the baseline year in relation to the rate of mortality in the following 5 years.RESULTS: A steep income gradient in mortality in men and women across all age groups except the oldest old in Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden. From the 1990s to 2000s mortality dropped, but generally more so in the upper part of the income distribution than in the lower part. As a consequence, the shape of the income gradient in mortality changed. The shift in the shape of the association was similar in all 4 countries.CONCLUSIONS: A non-linear gradient exists between income and mortality in most cases and because of a more rapid mortality decline among those with high income the income gradient has become steeper over time.

AB - OBJECTIVES: Prior work has examined the shape of the income-mortality association, but work has not compared gradients between countries. In this study, we focus on changes over time in the shape of income-mortality gradients for 4 Nordic countries during a period of rising income inequality. Context and time differentials in shape imply that the relationship between income and mortality is not fixed.SETTING: Population-based cohort study of Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden.PARTICIPANTS: We collected data on individuals aged 25 or more in 1995 (n=12.98 million individuals, 0.84 million deaths) and 2003 (n=13.08 million individuals, 0.90 million deaths). We then examined the household size equivalised disposable income at the baseline year in relation to the rate of mortality in the following 5 years.RESULTS: A steep income gradient in mortality in men and women across all age groups except the oldest old in Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden. From the 1990s to 2000s mortality dropped, but generally more so in the upper part of the income distribution than in the lower part. As a consequence, the shape of the income gradient in mortality changed. The shift in the shape of the association was similar in all 4 countries.CONCLUSIONS: A non-linear gradient exists between income and mortality in most cases and because of a more rapid mortality decline among those with high income the income gradient has become steeper over time.

U2 - 10.1136/bmjopen-2015-010974

DO - 10.1136/bmjopen-2015-010974

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 28011804

VL - 6

SP - 1

EP - 9

JO - B M J Open

JF - B M J Open

SN - 2044-6055

IS - 12

M1 - e010974

ER -

ID: 170610602