Socially disparate trends in lifespan variation: a trend study on income and mortality based on nationwide Danish register data

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Socially disparate trends in lifespan variation : a trend study on income and mortality based on nationwide Danish register data. / Brønnum-Hansen, Henrik.

In: B M J Open, Vol. 7, No. 5, e014489, 05.2017, p. 1-8.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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Brønnum-Hansen, H 2017, 'Socially disparate trends in lifespan variation: a trend study on income and mortality based on nationwide Danish register data', B M J Open, vol. 7, no. 5, e014489, pp. 1-8.

APA

Brønnum-Hansen, H. (2017). Socially disparate trends in lifespan variation: a trend study on income and mortality based on nationwide Danish register data. B M J Open, 7(5), 1-8. [e014489].

Vancouver

Brønnum-Hansen H. Socially disparate trends in lifespan variation: a trend study on income and mortality based on nationwide Danish register data. B M J Open. 2017 May;7(5):1-8. e014489.

Author

Brønnum-Hansen, Henrik. / Socially disparate trends in lifespan variation : a trend study on income and mortality based on nationwide Danish register data. In: B M J Open. 2017 ; Vol. 7, No. 5. pp. 1-8.

Bibtex

@article{b9bcf9e11e22488e954877e03473379c,
title = "Socially disparate trends in lifespan variation: a trend study on income and mortality based on nationwide Danish register data",
abstract = "BACKGROUND: Social inequality trends in life expectancy are not informative as to changes in social disparity in the age-at-death distribution. The purpose of the study was to investigate social differentials in trends and patterns of adult mortality in Denmark.METHODS: Register data on income and mortality from 1986 to 2014 were used to investigate trends in life expectancy, life disparity and the threshold age that separates 'premature' and 'late' deaths. Mortality compression was quantified and compared between income quartiles.RESULTS: Since 1986, male life expectancy increased by 4.2 years for the lowest income quartile and by 8.4 years for the highest income quartile. The clear compression of mortality apparent in the highest income quartile did not occur for the lowest income quartile. Premature and late deaths accounted both by 2.1 years of the increase in life expectancy in the lowest income quartile and by 6.0 and 2.4 years, respectively, in the highest income quartile. Life expectancy increased by 5.2 years among women in the lowest income quartile, 2.4 years due to premature deaths and 2.8 years due to late deaths. The gain in life expectancy among women in the highest income quartile of 5.6 years was distributed by 5.0 and 0.6 years due to premature and late deaths, respectively.CONCLUSION: The study demonstrates that the increasing social gap in mortality appears differently in the change of the age-at-death distribution. Thus, no compression of mortality was seen in the lowest income quartile. The results do not provide support for a uniformly extension of pension age for all.",
keywords = "Journal Article",
author = "Henrik Br{\o}nnum-Hansen",
note = "{\circledC} Article author(s) (or their employer(s) unless otherwise stated in the text of the article) 2017. All rights reserved. No commercial use is permitted unless otherwise expressly granted.",
year = "2017",
month = "5",
language = "English",
volume = "7",
pages = "1--8",
journal = "B M J Open",
issn = "2044-6055",
publisher = "BMJ Publishing Group",
number = "5",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Socially disparate trends in lifespan variation

T2 - a trend study on income and mortality based on nationwide Danish register data

AU - Brønnum-Hansen, Henrik

N1 - © Article author(s) (or their employer(s) unless otherwise stated in the text of the article) 2017. All rights reserved. No commercial use is permitted unless otherwise expressly granted.

PY - 2017/5

Y1 - 2017/5

N2 - BACKGROUND: Social inequality trends in life expectancy are not informative as to changes in social disparity in the age-at-death distribution. The purpose of the study was to investigate social differentials in trends and patterns of adult mortality in Denmark.METHODS: Register data on income and mortality from 1986 to 2014 were used to investigate trends in life expectancy, life disparity and the threshold age that separates 'premature' and 'late' deaths. Mortality compression was quantified and compared between income quartiles.RESULTS: Since 1986, male life expectancy increased by 4.2 years for the lowest income quartile and by 8.4 years for the highest income quartile. The clear compression of mortality apparent in the highest income quartile did not occur for the lowest income quartile. Premature and late deaths accounted both by 2.1 years of the increase in life expectancy in the lowest income quartile and by 6.0 and 2.4 years, respectively, in the highest income quartile. Life expectancy increased by 5.2 years among women in the lowest income quartile, 2.4 years due to premature deaths and 2.8 years due to late deaths. The gain in life expectancy among women in the highest income quartile of 5.6 years was distributed by 5.0 and 0.6 years due to premature and late deaths, respectively.CONCLUSION: The study demonstrates that the increasing social gap in mortality appears differently in the change of the age-at-death distribution. Thus, no compression of mortality was seen in the lowest income quartile. The results do not provide support for a uniformly extension of pension age for all.

AB - BACKGROUND: Social inequality trends in life expectancy are not informative as to changes in social disparity in the age-at-death distribution. The purpose of the study was to investigate social differentials in trends and patterns of adult mortality in Denmark.METHODS: Register data on income and mortality from 1986 to 2014 were used to investigate trends in life expectancy, life disparity and the threshold age that separates 'premature' and 'late' deaths. Mortality compression was quantified and compared between income quartiles.RESULTS: Since 1986, male life expectancy increased by 4.2 years for the lowest income quartile and by 8.4 years for the highest income quartile. The clear compression of mortality apparent in the highest income quartile did not occur for the lowest income quartile. Premature and late deaths accounted both by 2.1 years of the increase in life expectancy in the lowest income quartile and by 6.0 and 2.4 years, respectively, in the highest income quartile. Life expectancy increased by 5.2 years among women in the lowest income quartile, 2.4 years due to premature deaths and 2.8 years due to late deaths. The gain in life expectancy among women in the highest income quartile of 5.6 years was distributed by 5.0 and 0.6 years due to premature and late deaths, respectively.CONCLUSION: The study demonstrates that the increasing social gap in mortality appears differently in the change of the age-at-death distribution. Thus, no compression of mortality was seen in the lowest income quartile. The results do not provide support for a uniformly extension of pension age for all.

KW - Journal Article

M3 - Journal article

VL - 7

SP - 1

EP - 8

JO - B M J Open

JF - B M J Open

SN - 2044-6055

IS - 5

M1 - e014489

ER -

ID: 178481193