Spinal pain and co-occurrence with stress and general well-being among young adolescents: a study within the Danish National Birth Cohort

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Sandra Elkjær Stallknecht, Katrine Strandberg-Larsen, Lise Hestbæk, Anne-Marie Nybo Andersen

This study aims to describe the patterns in low back, mid back, and neck pain complaints in young adolescents from the Danish National Birth Cohort (DNBC) and to investigate the co-occurrence of spinal pain and stress and general well-being, respectively. Cross-sectional data from the 11-year follow-up of DNBC were used. As part of a web-based survey, a total of 45,371 young adolescents between 10 and 14 years old completed the Young Spine Questionnaire, the Stress in Children Questionnaire, and a one-item question on general well-being. Associations between spinal pain and, respectively, stress and general well-being were estimated by means of multiple logistic regression models. Almost one fifth of boys and one quarter of girls reported spinal pain. Compared with adolescents who reported no stress, adolescents reporting medium and high values of stress had odds ratios (OR) of 2.19 (95% CI 2.08–2.30) and 4.73 (95% CI 4.28–5.23), respectively, of reporting spinal pain (adjusted for age, gender, and maternal education). Adolescents who reported poor general well-being had an OR of 2.50 (95% CI 2.31–2.72) for reporting spinal pain compared to adolescents with good general well-being.

Conclusion: Spinal pain is a common complaint among young adolescents and co-occurs with stress and poor general well-being. The mutual dependency between the factors remained to be explained.
Original languageEnglish
JournalEuropean Journal of Pediatrics
Volume176
Issue number6
Pages (from-to)807–814
Number of pages8
ISSN0340-6199
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2017

ID: 179124951