Spontant mediastinalt emfysem

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Charlotte Svedbrand, Peter Lange, Klaus Nielsen

Spontaneous mediastinal emphysema, also known as spontaneous pneumomediastinum, is defined as radiologically detected free air in the mediastinum, without preceding trauma. It is a rare condition, mainly affecting young adults. It can be caused by coughing, strenuous sports or cocaine inhalation, however, 40% are idiopatic. Common symptoms are chest pain and dyspnoea. 75-90% can be diagnosed with a chest X-ray, and 100% with a computed tomography. Treatment is symptomatic and complications are rare, however, pneumothorax and pneumorrachis have been reported.

Original languageDanish
Article numberV08150653
JournalUgeskrift for Laeger
Volume178
Issue number10
Pages (from-to)965-968
Number of pages4
ISSN0041-5782
Publication statusPublished - 16 May 2016

ID: 153787322